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CASC Spring Meeting 2012 Craig A. Stewart

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Presentation on theme: "CASC Spring Meeting 2012 Craig A. Stewart"— Presentation transcript:

1 Penguin Computing / IU Partnership HPC “cluster as a service” and Cloud Services
CASC Spring Meeting 2012 Craig A. Stewart Executive Director, Pervasive Technology Institute Associate Dean, Research Technologies Matthew Jacobs SVP Corporate Development

2 Please cite as: Stewart, C. A. and M. Jacobs. 2012
Please cite as: Stewart, C.A. and M. Jacobs “Penguin Computing / IU Partnership HPC ‘cluster as a service’ and Cloud Services.” Presentation. Presented at Coalition of Academic Scientific Computation, 29 February 2012, Arlington, VA. The image on slide 1 (title slide) and slides 3 – 7 © Penguin Computing Inc. all rights reserved; may not be reused without permission from Penguin Computing Inc. Other slides (except where explicitly noted) are copyright 2011 by the Trustees of Indiana University, and this content is released under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (

3 What is POD Services On-demand HPC system
Compute, storage, low latency fabrics, GPU, non-virtualized Robust software infrastructure Full automation User and administration space controls Secure and seamless job migration Extensible framework Complete billing infrastructure Services Custom product design Site and workflow integration Managed services Application support HPC support expertise Skilled HPC administrators Leverage 13 yrs serving HPC market Internet (150Mb, burstable to 1Gb)

4 Penguin HPC Cloud Services
Penguin Computing on Demand True HPC in the cloud on a pay-as-you-go basis Overflow, Targeted workload, Targeted user set Post-Purchase Collocation Collocation services provided by Penguin Cost Reduction, Budget reallocation Public-Private On-Demand Partnerships Penguin-owned and operated PODs, hosted at academic or government facilities Revenue sharing, Augment local resources, Self-sustaining growth POD Hybrid On-premise cluster designed to mean usage + POD Save on initial capital outlay while sustaining high service level to users OEM HPC Cloud POD distribution to internal or external customers Augment local resource, expertise, fund growth HPC SaaS Platform Hosting platform for SAAS providers On-demand delivery platform for ISVs Turnkey Managed Services Remote managed services for penguin and non-Penguin clusters Augment local expertise, reduce costs

5 Scyld HPC Cloud Management System
Created by POD Developers and Administrators Create and Manage User and Group Hierarchies Simultaneously Manage Multiple Collocated Clusters Create Customer Facing Web Portals Use Web Services to Integrate with Back-End Systems Deploy HTML5 Based Cluster Management Tools Securely Migrate User Workloads Efficiently Schedule and Manage Cluster Resources Create and Deploy Virtual Headnodes for User-Specific Clusters

6 12 Million Commercial Jobs and Counting…
Current data centers: Salt Lake City, Indiana University, Mountain View 1,500 cores (AMD and Intel) 240 TB on-demand storage Replaced in-house image analysis cluster with POD and co-located storage Provides cloud analysis services on POD for world-wide bioinformatics customers Replaced Amazon AWS cloud usage with PODTools workflow migration system Nihon ESI provides crash analysis analyses to Honda R&D during Japan’s brown-outs

7 The POD Advantage Persistent, customized user environment
High-speed Intel and AMD compute nodes (physical) Fast access to local storage (data guaranteed to be local) Highly secure (https, shared key authentication, IP matching, VPN) Billed by the fractional core hour HPC expertise included (Penguin’s core business for many years) Cluster software stack included Troubleshooting included in support Collocated storage options available Highly dependable and dynamically scalable

8 Clouds look serene enough - But is ignorance bliss?
In the cloud, do you know: Where your data are? What laws prevail over the physical location of your data? What license you really agreed to? What is the security (electronic / physical) around your data? And how exactly do you get to that cloud, or get things out of it? How secure your provider is financially? (The fact that something seems unimaginable, like cloud provider such-and-such going out of business abruptly, does not mean it is impossible!) Photo by

9 Penguin Computing & IU partner for “Cluster as a Service”
Just what it says: Cluster as a Service Cluster physically located on IU’s campus, in IU’s Data Center Available to anyone at a .edu or FFRDC (Federally Funded Research and Development Center) To use it: Go to Fill out registration form Verify via your Get out your credit card Go computing This builds on Penguin’s experience - currently host Life Technologies' BioScope and LifeScope in the cloud (

10 We know where the data are … and they are secure

11 An example of NET+ Services / Campus Bridging
"We are seeing the early emergence of a meta-university — a transcendent, accessible, empowering, dynamic, communally constructed framework of open materials and platforms on which much of higher education worldwide can be constructed or enhanced.” Charles Vest, president emeritus of MIT, 2006 NET+ Goal: achieve economy of scale and retain reasonable measure of controlSee: Brad Wheeler and Shelton Waggener Above-Campus Services: Shaping the Promise of Cloud Computing for Higher Education. EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 44, no. 6 (November/December 2009): Campus Bridging goal – make it all feel like it’s just a peripheral to your laptop (see

12 IU POD – Innovation Through Partnership
True On-Demand HPC for Internet2 Creative Public/Private model to address HPC shortfall Turning lost EC2 dollars into central IT expansion Tiered channel strategy expansion to EDU sector Program and discipline-specific enhancements under way Objective third party resource for collaboration EDU, Federal and Commercial

13 POD IU (Rockhopper) specifications
Server Information  Architecture Penguin Computing Altus 1804 TFLOPS 4.4 Clock Speed 2.1GHz Nodes 11 compute; 2 login; 4 management; 3 servers CPUs 4 x 2.1GHz 12-core AMD Opteron 6172 processors per compute node Memory Type Distributed and Shared Total Memory 1408 GB Memory per Node 128GB 1333MHz DDR3 ECC Local Scratch Storage 6TB locally attached SATA2 Cluster Scratch 100TB Lustre Further Details OS CentOS 5 Network QDR (40Gb/s) Infiniband, 1Gb/s ethernet Job Management Software SGE Job Scheduling Software Job Scheduling policy Fair Share Access keybased ssh login to headnodes remote job control via Penguin's PODShell

14 Available applications at POD IU (Rockhopper)
Package name Summary COAMPS Coupled ocean / atmosphere meoscale prediction system Desmond Desmond is a software package developed at D. E. Shaw Research to perform high-speed molecular dynamics simulations of biological systems on conventional commodity clusters. GAMESS GAMESS is a program for ab initio molecular quantum chemistry. Galaxy Galaxy is an open, web-based platform for data intensive biomedical research. GROMACS GROMACS is a versatile package to perform molecular dynamics, i.e. simulate the Newtonian equations of motion for systems with hundreds to millions of particles. HMMER HMMER is used for searching sequence databases for homologs of protein sequences, and for making protein sequence alignments. Intel compilers and libraries LAMMPS LAMMPS is a classical molecular dynamics code, and an acronym for Large-scale Atomic/Molecular Massively Parallel Simulator. MM5 The PSU/NCAR mesoscale model (known as MM5) is a limited-area, nonhydrostatic, terrain-following sigma-coordinate model designed to simulate or predict mesoscale atmospheric circulation. The model is supported by several pre- and post-processing programs, which are referred to collectively as the MM5 modeling system. mpiBLAST mpiBLAST is a freely available, open-source, parallel implementation of NCBI BLAST. NAMD NAMD is a parallel molecular dynamics code for large biomolecular systems.

15 Available applications at POD IU (Rockhopper)
Package name Summary NCBI-Blast The Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) finds regions of local similarity between sequences. The program compares nucleotide or protein sequences to sequence databases and calculates the statistical significance of matches. OpenAtom OpenAtom is a highly scalable and portable parallel application for molecular dynamics simulations at the quantum level. It implements the Car-Parrinello ab-initio Molecular Dynamics (CPAIMD) method. OpenFoam The OpenFOAM®  (Open Field Operation and Manipulation) CFD Toolbox is a free, open source CFD software package produced by OpenCFD Ltd. It has a large user base across most areas of engineering and science, from both commercial and academic organisations. OpenFOAM has an extensive range of features to solve anything from complex fluid flows involving chemical reactions, turbulence and heat transfer, to solid dynamics and electromagnetics. OpenMPI Infinibad based Message Passing Interface - 2 (MPI-2) implementation POP POP is an ocean circulation model derived from earlier models of Bryan, Cox, Semtner and Chervin in which depth is used as the vertical coordinate. The model solves the three-dimensional primitive equations for fluid motions on the sphere under hydrostatic and Boussinesq approximations. Portland Group compilers R R is a language and environment for statistical computing and graphics. WRF The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model is a next-generation mesoscale numerical weather prediction system designed to serve both operational forecasting and atmospheric research needs. It features multiple dynamical cores, a 3-dimensional variational (3DVAR) data assimilation system, and a software architecture allowing for computational parallelism and system extensibility.

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