Presentation on theme: "The Skills Gap Lord Baker of Dorking C.H.. The economy is changing."— Presentation transcript:
The Skills Gap Lord Baker of Dorking C.H.
The economy is changing
An even bigger story: the baby boomers are retiring (Thousands)
Huge numbers of people will be needed by 2020 Between 2012 and 2020, we need – – 830,000 SET professionals (degree level) – 450,000 SET technicians (levels 3 and 4) SET = science, engineering and technology Figures include growth + replacement demand (mainly to replace baby boomers planning to retire)
But supply won’t meet demand Demand for science, engineering and technology graduates: 104,000 per year between 2012 and 2020 Number of new graduates taking UK jobs in SET occupations: 64,000 per year Shortfall: 40,000 graduates per year
Education is out of step with the economy. Schools, further education colleges, training providers and universities are failing to deliver the skills we need today, let alone tomorrow.
Higher education has grown rapidly – but not in all subjects
Many graduates are under-employed
Apprenticeships have grown – but the numbers are unbalanced Number of 16-24s starting apprenticeships in 2011/12 % change since 2010/11 Business, admin and the law80,32014.5% Retail and commercial enterprise63,6707.6% Health, public services and care49,91010.5% Engineering and manufacturing38,1006.8%
Britain’s plight Only 4% of 15 year olds in the UK want careers in engineering and computing... … placing the UK 35 th out of 37 countries in an OECD survey.
Other countries value vocational education more highly …
…and have lower youth unemployment
The connection is obvious
UK and Austria UKAustria Participation in vocational upper secondary education, 2010 32.1%76.5% Under 25s unemployment rate, 2010 19.6%8.8%
We are wrong to delay technical education In Austria, technical education starts at 14. In England, most technical education starts at 16 – two years behind.
Too many young people start – rather than finish – level 2 at 16 QCF: Qualifications and Curriculum Framework
The time has come to rethink 14-18 education
What is a UTC? Independent state school 14-18 age range All-ability intake Sub-regional Commitment of a local university Employers involved from the start in shaping and delivering the curriculum
Curriculum 14 - 16 60% General & bridging 40% Technical Post-16 40% General & bridging 60% Technical
Key characteristics of UTCs Technical and academic education are integrated Practical work is as highly valued as academic work Longer days (8-30 to 5) and school years (36-40 weeks) Enrichment for all Curriculum projects devised by employers and universities Progression routes include HE, FE, Apprenticeships and employment
What’s more … Every student who left the JCB Academy last summer had somewhere to go – – Apprenticeships – Further education – University – Work
Four types of 14-18 college: – UTCs – Liberal arts colleges – Career colleges – Performing arts and sports colleges