Presentation on theme: " “The Reagan Revolution: 80’s” page 8 in notebook Review for Quiz."— Presentation transcript:
“The Reagan Revolution: 80’s” page 8 in notebook Review for Quiz
A system instituted by Reagan in which states were given lump sum payments to use as they wish in paying for social programs A negative aspect is that the grants were ??
A system instituted by Reagan in which states were given lump sum payments to use as they wish in paying for social programs A negative aspect is that the grants were too small to fund the federal programs taken over by the state.
According to this theory, economic growth depends on increasing supply of goods and services. To increase supply do what??? Video Video
According to this theory, economic growth depends on increasing supply of goods and services. To increase supply=cut taxes Video Video
Shortfall that results when government spending exceeds government revenues in a given year. VideoVideo Soared during Regan’s 2 terms in office 2 reasons???
Shortfall that results when government spending exceeds government revenues in a given year. VideoVideo Soared during Regan’s 2 terms in office Reasons: tax cuts and high military/defense spending
Reagan’s new arms program in 1983 to create a “______ ______” designed to protect the United States from what??? Land-based and space-based weapons Nicknamed “Star Wars”Star Wars
Reagan’s new arms program in 1983 to create a “missile shield” designed to protect the United States from nuclear attack. Land-based and space-based weapons Nicknamed “Star Wars”Star Wars
The federal government should shift its power and responsibility to the __________
The federal government should shift its power and responsibility to the states
Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty Treaty signed by Reagan and Gorbachev in 1987, in which the two leaders agreed to remove and destroy all _________ with a range between 300 and 3,400 miles. videovideo
Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty Treaty signed by Reagan and Gorbachev in 1987, in which the two leaders agreed to remove and destroy all missiles with a range between 300 and 3,400 miles. videovideo
1983 & 1984 President Reagan’s decision to send U.S. troops to __________ as peacekeepers provoked the ________ Video Video
1983 & 1984 President Reagan’s decision to send U.S. troops to Lebanon as peacekeepers provoked the attacks. Video Video
A scandal in which officials in the Reagan administration sold arms to ________ to help gain the release of U.S. hostages and sent money from the arms sales to the Contras in __________. Video Video
A scandal in which officials in the Reagan administration sold arms to Iran to help gain the release of U.S. hostages and sent money from the arms sales to the Contras in Nicaragua. Video Video
The breakup of the _____ ________into 15 independent republics marked the end of the _________ _________.
The breakup of the Soviet Union into 15 independent republics marked the end of the Cold War.
Political Cartoon Review Draw a line down the right and left side of page 9 (a horizontal line will leave more space) Review 4 themes for Political Cartoons
When a crisis hits that requires more military than the volunteer program can supply 1)Congress & the President Authorize a Draft 2)The Lottery by birthday Those whose 20 th birthday falls that year will go first, followed by 21, 22, 23, 24, and 25 (those turning 18 & 19 would be last) 3)All parts of selective service are activated 4)Physical, mental, and moral evaluation 5)Local & Appeal Boards activated and induction notices sent 6)First Draftees are inducted
Requirements: Age Active Duty None-Prior Service Army - 35 (must ship to basic training prior to 35th birthday. The Army experimented with raising the age limit to age 42 for a brief period of time, but effective April 1st, 2011, the Army has reverted to the lower age limit. Air Force - 27 Navy - 34 Marines - 28 Coast Guard - Age 27. Note: up to age 32 for those selected to attend A-school directly upon enlistment (this is mostly for prior service). Reserve Non-Prior Service Army Reserves - 35 (must ship to basic training prior to 35th birthday) Army National Guard - 35 (changed from 42 in 2009) Air Force Reserve - 34 Air National Guard - 40 (Changed from 34 in Aug 2009) Naval Reserves - 39 Marine Corps Reserve - 29 Coast Guard Reserves - Age 39
Requirements Credit & Finances (less than 40% debt) Single Parents (cannot enlist) Applicants married to military members Education (high school diploma, Tier I) Drug-alcohol involvement Criminal History (any conviction) Sexual Preference (don’t ask; don’t tell) Medical Physical (no medical conditions)
Requirements : Citizenship For enlistment purposes, citizens of the United States include citizens of: Guam Puerto Rico The U.S. Virgin Islands The Northern Marianas Islands American Samoa The Federated States of Micronesia The Republic of the Marshall Islands.
Requirements : Dependents * Spouse, children, or parents under care Navy: The Navy requires a waiver for any applicant with more than one dependent (including the spouse). Marine Corps: In the Marine Corps, a waiver is required if an applicant has any dependent under the age of 18. Air Force: The Air Force will do a financial eligibility determination if the member has any dependents at all. Army: The Army requires a waiver if the applicant has two or more dependents (in addition to the spouse). Coast Guard: The Coast Guard requires a waiver if there is more than one dependent (other than spouse), unless the applicant is enlisting in the grade of E-4 or above, when the limit is two dependents (other than spouse).
Requirements : Height/Weight The cause for rejection for Armed Forces male applicants is height less than 60 inches or more than 80 inches. The cause for rejection for Armed Forces female applicants is height less than 58 inches or more than 80 inches. The Marines are more restrictive. For the Marines, height standards for male applicants range from 58 to 78 inches. Height standards for female applicants range from 58 to 72 inches. The services don't really have "weight standards." What they have are " body fat standards." However, it takes extra time and effort to measure body fat, so the services use weight charts to do an initial screening. Individuals who weigh more than the limits on the chart are measured to ensure they fall within the service's body-fat standards. There are no waivers for exceeding required body fat limits.
How do you think the draft affected people? What about today? What about women? What about the poor? What was the purpose of the draft?
How do you think the draft affected people? What about women?
How do you think the draft affected people? What about the poor?
What was the purpose of the draft? To build up the military to counter ____________ Vietnam & Cold War? WWII?
What did they do? What did they do after the war? How did they feel about it?
What did they do? Nurses Service Industries Sports
What did they do after the war? How did they feel about it? Loss of power & independence Upset; not earning a paycheck anymore Some may have been ready to return to their role as a stay-at-home-mom
Why did women feel like they should have the right to vote?
Women sacrificed during the war (nurses, faced death of family and themselves) Wining the right to vote would help women carry out their duties on the home front. Women Sacrificed for their family; emotional scars 19 th Amendment: ALL should be able to vote; they should be treated as equals
Information or rumor spread by a group or government to promote its own cause or ideas or to damage an opposing cause or idea. May or may not be accurate Intention is NOT to inform, but to persuade others to adopt the view or to take the action supported by the propagandist.
What is the Industrial Period? The time during rapid growth of industry that lead to poor working conditions for many workers. Unsafe Products Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle Child Labor Environmental Damage Political corruption (monopolies) Social tensions (rich vs. poor) Race tensions Gender tensions Social changes strained American Families
Child Labor By 1900, one out of every five children between the ages of 10-15 was a wage worker. 1.7 million worked in factories, sweatshops, and wines or worked in other nonfarm jobs such as shining shoes and selling newspapers. “Breaker Boys” in coal mines worked 14-16 hour days separating slate rock from coal Lack of Education
Poor Living Conditions Many of the poor lived in slum tenements: “one of two dark closets, used as bedrooms, with a living room twelve feet by ten.” 90,000-300,000 people per square mile in New York Poor infrastructure *Lack of fire protection *Sanitation problems *Lack of indoor plumbing *Waste in the streets *Spread of diseases TB, pneumonia
Unsafe Products Leaky roofs would drip on food Rat droppings & rats themselves would become part of processed meats Toxic chemical preservatives contaminated processed foods Common medicines often involved narcotics (morphine, opium, cocaine)
Environmental Problems By 1900, only a fraction of the country’s original forests were still standing due to logging. Ranching stripped the land of its natural vegetation and left it more vulnerable to erosion. Extracting Natural Resources (silver, copper, gold, iron, coal, oil, etc.) tore up the earth Polluting Water & Air
Corruption in Politics Political machines exercised control at all levels of city government, down to the wards and precincts that subdivided most cities ($$ & bribery) Monopolies push out competition Patronage: Giving jobs to friends and supporters
Social Tensions The poor resented the comfortable lives of the rich, while the rich often looked down on the poor as the source of urban problems. Many African Americans faced racism and violence as they struggled to improve their lives and claim their democratic rights. Women were also demanding greater opportunities & rights.
How could propaganda be useful for encouraging social change during this Industrial period? What types of propaganda could or should be used to promote change? Why did change need to happen during this time period?