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National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators Federal Update UASFAA Slide 1 © NASFAA 2012
Agenda 1. Washington Political Climate 2. Funding Trends in Financial Aid 3. Predictions for Future Funding 4. Campus Impact/Takeaways Slide 2 © NASFAA 2012
Washington Political Climate © NASFAA 2012
Political Climate Three climate drivers: 1.Partisanship & Brinkmanship 2.Budget Politics Dictating Policy 3.Election Season has Begun Slide 4 © NASFAA 2012
Partisanship & Brinkmanship
Budget, Budget, Budget Slide 6 © NASFAA 2012 Deficit Reduction FY 2012FY 2013 Debt Ceiling
Budget, Budget, Budget Slide 7 © NASFAA 2012 PUBLIC SAYS DON’T TOUCH EDUCATION! YouGov Poll
Examples of Budget Dictating Policy Recent Legislative Changes 2007 – College Cost Reduction and Access Act 2008 – Ensuring Continued Access to Student Loans Act 2008 – Higher Education Opportunity Act (Reauthorization Legislation) 2010 – Healthcare & Education Reconciliation Act (SAFRA) 2010 – Post 9/11 GI Improvement Act 2010 – American Jobs and Closing Loopholes Act (Tax Extenders) 2011 – FY 2011 Final Appropriations 2011 – Budget Control Act (Debt Ceiling) 2011 – FY 2012 Final Appropriations Almost ALL Budget Bills © NASFAA 2012 Slide 8
Slide 9 © NASFAA 2012
Funding Trends in Student Aid © NASFAA 2012
But first, a little background… © NASFAA 2012
Budget & Appropriations 101 What is supposed to happen… President releases budget in February House & Senate pass Budget Resolution in April Appropriations Committees draft bills Appropriations bills voted on and passed before Oct. 1 Slide 12 © NASFAA 2012
Budget & Appropriations 101 But what usually happens… Omnibus spending bill—combines all 12 spending bills into one Continuing resolution (CR) Slide 13 © NASFAA 2012
Slide 14 © NASFAA 2012
Student Aid & The Budget: Year in Review © NASFAA 2012 Slide 15
We’ve ALREADY Taken our Fair Share Student Aid Cuts Elimination of Year-Round Pell Elimination of graduate student interest subsidy Elimination of LEAP 0.2 Percent Across-the-Board Cuts Temporary elimination of undergraduate interest subsidy during grace period Eligibility and Need Analysis Changes Sunsetting of ACG/SMART *Future: This July interest rate rises to 6.8 percent © NASFAA 2012
FY 2011, in Review Congress passed long-term CR, 4/14/2011 Major Student Aid Provisions ◦ Maximum $5,550 Pell Grant award for award year ◦ Elimination of Year-Round Pell (crossover reg lifted for summer 2011) ◦ SEOG cut by $20 million; cuts to TRIO, GEAR UP ◦ 0.2 percent cut across-the-board ◦ Eliminate LEAP, Byrd Scholarships Slide 17 © NASFAA 2012
Budget Control Act Main provisions for student aid: ◦ Eliminate in-school interest subsidy for graduate students ◦ Eliminate Direct Loan repayment incentives ◦ Provide $17 billion for Pell Grants for FYs 12 and 13 The math: ◦ BCA Pell funding reduces FY 12 shortfall to $1.3 billion, down from $11 billion. Also will provide some additional Pell funding for FY 13 ◦ $4.6 billion of the savings went toward deficit reduction Slide 18 © NASFAA 2012
Final Bill, FY 2012 Passed December 2012 (four months earlier than last year!) Student Aid Provisions ◦ Maximum $5,550 Pell Grant ◦ Minimum Pell Grant reduction ◦ Pell eligibility restricted to 12 semesters ◦ ATB no longer an eligibility measure for student aid ◦ Auto-zero EFC reduction, to $23,000 ◦ Temporary repeal of Grace Pd. Interest subsidy Slide 19 © NASFAA 2011
FY 2013 President Obama Budget Request “Shared Responsibility” © NASFAA 2012 Slide 20
FY 2013 Budget Request Provisions related to GRANTS Maximum Pell Grant of $5,635 for award year (Increase comes from mandatory increase tied to CPI) Replace TEACH Grant with Presidential Teaching Fellows program ◦ Grants of up to $10,000 given only in last year of program Slide 21 © NASFAA 2012
FY 2013 Budget Request Provisions related to FEDERAL LOANS Extend 3.4% interest rate on undergrad Subsidized Stafford Loans (prevent from doubling to 6.8% this July) Eliminate the interest subsidy once borrowers reach 150% of program length. Eliminating retention share for guaranty agencies and reducing to 16 percent the fee they can charge a borrower on outstanding balance. Slide 22 © NASFAA 2012
FY 2013 Budget Request Provisions related to CAMPUS-BASED AID Double the number of FWS jobs over 5 years Expand Perkins from $1 billion to $8.5 billion ◦ Unsubsidized ◦ Increase interest rate from 5% to 6.8% Slide 23 © NASFAA 2012
FY 2013 Budget Request Provisions related to CAMPUS-BASED AID Reform Campus-Based Aid programs into incentive program. Schools would be evaluated on: ◦ Ability to keep low net tuition ◦ Provide good quality and value ◦ Serve needy students well Administration provided no metrics for measurement Slide 24 © NASFAA 2012
FY 2013 Budget Request Provisions related to AFFORDABILITY “Race to the Top” for states and institutions ($1 billion) Initiative to increase college access and completion through an evidence based grant competition ($55 million) Hawkins Centers of Excellence—grant program to expand teacher education programs at MSIs ($30 million) Community College to Career Fund Slide 25 © NASFAA 2012
Transparency in College Costs
The House GOP Budget Response © NASFAA 2012 Slide 27
GOP Plan—The Path to Prosperity Cut U.S. Department of Education Programs by $9.5 billion in FY 2013 Major Student Aid provisions: ◦ Eliminates the in-school interest subsidies for undergraduate students ◦ Eliminates the student aid eligibility expansions enacted by the College Cost Reduction and Access Act (CCRAA), including auto-zero eligibility and Income Protection Allowance ◦ Proposes an undefined a maximum income cap for Pell Grant eligibility ◦ Eliminates Pell Grant eligibility for less-than-half-time students ◦ Eliminates the automatic increases in the maximum Pell award above $5,550 ◦ Eliminates the mandatory funding for Pell Grants ◦ Eliminates Pell and Campus-Based Aid Administration Cost Allowances (ACA) ◦ Repeals the mandatory funding for College Access Challenge Grants ◦ Allows interest rates on subsidized Stafford loans to double on July 1 from 3.4% to 6.8% Slide 28 © NASFAA 2012
GOP Plan—The Path to Prosperity Next Steps? ◦ GOP Budget Plan, like the President’s, is a policy document ◦ No chance of passage in Senate ◦ But, the ideas are on the table… Slide 29 © NASFAA 2012
Predictions & Next Steps © NASFAA 2012 Slide 30
Predictions & Next Steps President’s budget release is just the beginning of the budget process Congress must debate proposals—end product typically looks a lot different than the initial proposals! It’s an election year—Congress will stay away from controversy and change We likely won’t see a final budget bill until after the election Interest rate is issue to keep an immediate eye on Slide 31 © NASFAA 2012
Takeaway: Student aid is caught up in a much larger political dysfunction & ideological impasse. © NASFAA 2012
Takeaway: Student aid changes will likely continue to come through the budget process © NASFAA 2012
Takeaway: Everything is still “on the table” and there very well could be some additional student aid changes into the next year © NASFAA 2012
NASFAA Advocacy Comments to Super Committee Save Student Aid Facebook campaign Partnering in advocacy campaigns with other organizations Individual visits to key Hill staff—appropriators, authorizers, Super Committee Slide 35 © NASFAA 2012
Advocacy and You Visit our Facebook Page! Write letters to your delegation and to Super Committee members Encourage your students to do the same Visit our “Take Action” page and “Budget Center” to stay up to date on the latest news and to learn about ways for you and your campus to get involved Slide 36 © NASFAA 2012
Question and Answer Segment Questions? Questions? Slide 37 © NASFAA 2012
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