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Photo credits, © Ivan C. Getting, Harold E. Malde, TNC Archives Minnesota Prairie Conservation Plan 2010 A habitat plan for native prairie, grassland,

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Presentation on theme: "Photo credits, © Ivan C. Getting, Harold E. Malde, TNC Archives Minnesota Prairie Conservation Plan 2010 A habitat plan for native prairie, grassland,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Photo credits, © Ivan C. Getting, Harold E. Malde, TNC Archives Minnesota Prairie Conservation Plan 2010 A habitat plan for native prairie, grassland, and wetlands in the Prairie Region of western Minnesota M INNESOTA P RAIRIE P LAN W ORKING G ROUP J UNE 14, 2011

2 New Funding for Prairie Conservation In 2008, the citizens of Minnesota passed a constitutional amendment increasing the state sales tax by 3/8¢ One third of the increase ($ M per year) is to restore, protect, and enhance prairies, forests, wetlands, and habitat for fish, game and wildlife

3 Minnesota Prairie Plan Working Group Core group : Marissa Ahlering, TNC Steve Chaplin, TNC Carmen Converse, DNR Meredith Cornett, TNC Ryan Drum, USFWS Neal Feeken, TNC Jason Garms, DNR Diane Granfors, USFWS Fred Harris, DNR Greg Hoch, MPCS John Jaschke, BWSR Matt Holland, PF Tom Landwehr, TNC (facilitator) Tom Larson, USFWS Jim Leach, USFWS Kevin Lines, BWSR Clint Miller, TCF Mary Mitchell, USFWS Darby Nelson, LSOHC Ray Norrgard, DNR Mark Oja, NRCS Bill Penning, DNR

4 Minnesota’s Prairie Region 24.9 million acres Includes the Prairie and Forest-Prairie Transition Planning Sections employed by the Lessard- Sams Outdoors Heritage Council

5 Minnesota Native Prairie Of 18 million original prairie acres, less than 2% remain, ~ 96,000 acres are legally unprotected Even if we protect every acre of remaining native prairie, we can not maintain viable prairie animal species or many ecosystem functions

6 Functional Prairie Systems “A native prairie ecosystem that is of sufficient size, habitat condition, and landscape composition to maintain natural ecological processes and viable populations of nearly all of the native animals and plants that would naturally be found there”

7 Size Matters

8 Multifunctional Landscapes Can grass-based economic uses provide a sufficient return on labor and investment to sustain rural families and communities?

9 Conservation Vision for the Prairie Region “In strategic locations, large areas of prairie, grassland, and associated habitats will be protected and restored to create functioning prairie systems that provide major opportunities for sustainable grass-based agriculture such as grazing and haying. These functioning landscapes will also contribute clean water, fish and wildlife habitat complexes, high quality recreational opportunities, and thriving rural communities where Minnesota’s citizens will want to live and visit.”

10 Focusing Prairie Conservation

11 Focusing Prairie Conservation - Core Areas - 36 landscapes, 1.5 million acres, ranging from 5, ,000 acres Captures 73% of native prairie Goal: 40% grassland, 20% wetland, 50% permanent protection

12 Glacial Lakes Prairie Landscape

13 Glacial Lakes Prairie Core Area (Acres) Core Area Acreage 169,305 Native Prairie (NP) 7,214 Protected NP 2,872 Other Grassland 55,128 Protected Other Grassland 7,720 Grassland in CRP 10,264 Wetland 36,308 Protected Wetland 8,134 Grassland Habitat Shortfall from 40% Goal 5,380 Wetland Habitat Shortfall from 20% Goal 0 NP Protection Shortfall 4,342 Grassland Protection Shortfall 18,927 Wetland Protection Shortfall 8,796

14 Focusing Prairie Conservation - Corridors - Habitat Suitability Analysis based on 28 species of waterfowl, marsh birds, grassland passerines, shorebirds, and game birds

15 Focusing Prairie Conservation - Corridors - Five major corridors along geomorphological features Corridors 6 miles wide 1.6 million acres total 10% of each square mile section be protected in permanent grassland or wetland habitat

16 Focusing Prairie Conservation - Habitat Complexes within Corridors square miles 2.Every 6 miles 3.40% grassland, 20% wetland, 50% permanent protection

17 Focusing Prairie Conservation - The Agricultural Matrix million acres total 104 Land type associations Goal: 10% of each LTA in perennial cover protected permanently or under year contract

18 Prioritization within the Agricultural Matrix 1.Proximity to native prairie 2.Areas of High or Outstanding Biodiversity Significance 3.Bordering public conservation land 4.Containing restorable wetlands 5.Priority basins or basins with portfolio lakes 6.Proximity to high priority shallow lakes 7.Adjacent to high priority warm-water streams 8.Adjacent to other watercourse or water body 9.Within a Grassland Bird Conservation Area or an Important Bird Area 10.Highly erodible soils

19 Native Prairie Protection Goals (Acres) Core Corridor Complex Corridor Agricultural MatrixTotal Fee Acquisition21, ,3625,43628,935 Easement50,0361,6183,17712,68367,514 Total71,4802,3114,53918,11996,449 $236 M

20 Grassland and Wetland Protection Goals (Acres) Core Corridor ComplexCorridor Agricultural MatrixTotal Fee Acquisition25,72510,13110,507152,728199,091 Easement38,59012,30621,014305,455377,365 Contract64,315073,5511,069,0941,206,281 Total128,63022,437105,0721,527,2771,782,737

21 Grassland and Wetland Restoration Goals (Acres) Core Corridor Complex Corridor Agricultural MatrixTotal After fee acquisition 35,9855,7792,64325,08869,495 After easement 53,97711,5585,28650,176120,997 After signing year contract 89,96240,45318,500175,616324,531 Total179,92457,79026,429250,880515,023

22 Take Home Message Even with major new conservation funding, “grass-based” agriculture will be essential to drive the voluntary protection and restoration of grassland and wetland.

23 Annual Enhancement Goals on Protected Lands Core Corridor Complex Corridor Agricultural MatrixTotal Native Prairie22, ,40226,935 Other Grasslands25,8312,8674,96447,19480,856 Wetlands 31,2772,0984,24669,673107,292 Total79,4985,4579,860120,268215,083 $108 M

24 Annual Enhancement Goals on Unprotected Lands Core Corridor Complex Corridor Agricultural MatrixTotal Native Prairie8, ,26512,056 Other Grasslands42,2244,17827,771279,422353,595 Wetlands16,9901,67111,695196,445226,802 Total68,1506,13840,034478,132592,453 $296 M

25 Total Cost Overall cost from all sources for actions described in the plan = $3.6 billion Anticipate need from the Outdoor Heritage Fund over the next 25 years = $1.1 billion

26 Photo credits, © Ivan C. Getting, Harold E. Malde, XXX Reconnecting Minnesota’s Fragmented Prairie Landscapes © Insert Image Credit


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