What are the criteria which can be used to assess leadership? What are shortfall of leadership and managerial incompetency? What are the measurement which can be used to judge the effects of leadership? What are the differences between maxim and theory?
METHODOLOGIES USED TO STUDY LEADERSHIP Qualitative Approach – Case study: In-depth analysis of a leader’s activities. Quantitative Approaches – Correlational studies: Correlation coefficient Casual inferences – Experiments: Generally consist of both: Independent variables Dependent variables
ASSESSESMENT CRITERIA TO JUDGE LEADERSHIP Down ward assessment Interviews Reference check Personality test IQ test In-Basket exercise Role-Play simulations Pair assessment Upward assessment
SHORTFALL OF LEADERSHIP AND MANAGERIAL INCOMPETENCY Factors contributing to the shortfall of leadership leaders followers On going process
SHORTFALL OF LEADERSHIP AND MANAGERIAL INCOMPETENCY Factors contributing to the shortfall of managerial incompetence Demographics Lack of employee loyalty Lack of good systems to identify and develop leadership talent Technology
THE DIMENSIONS OF MANAGERIAL INCOMPETENCE Cheerleaders In Name Only Managers Competent Manager Result Only Managers Build Teams Does Not Build Teams Does Get Results Does Not Get Results
METHODS TO MEASURE THE EFFECTS OF LEADERSHIP Superiors’ effectiveness and performance ratings. Subordinates’ ratings on satisfaction, organizational climate, morale, motivation, and leadership effectiveness. Unit performance indices.
MAXIMS AND THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Maxims: Personal opinions that can give leaders valuable advice about leadership. Theory: Framework for conceptualizing relationships between variables and guiding research toward a fuller understanding of phenomena.