Presentation on theme: "12 Slides About African American Contributions to the Chemical Sciences Sibrina N. Collins, PhD College of Wooster Created by Sibrina N. Collins, The College."— Presentation transcript:
12 Slides About African American Contributions to the Chemical Sciences Sibrina N. Collins, PhD College of Wooster Created by Sibrina N. Collins, The College of Wooster (firstname.lastname@example.org) and posted on VIPEr (www.ionicviper.org) on July 21, 2010. Copyright Sibrina N. Collins 2010. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share.
Overview Impact of George Washington Carver Changing Demographics Selected Profiles of Chemists Conclusions Useful Resources
George Washington Carver (1865-1943) Born Diamond Grove, Missouri B.S. (1894) and M.S. (1896) from Iowa Agricultural College – –Served on faculty, Department of Botany In 1896, moved to Tuskegee, Alabama – –Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute The website for this image is http://www.blackscholarsindex.com/2009/10/george-washington-carver-an-early- biotechnologist/.
Impact of Carver Research developed 325 products from peanuts – –108 applications for sweet potatoes; 75 products from pecans Responsible for the invention of a process for producing paints from soybeans – –Three patents were issued between 1925-1927 Spingarn Medal in 1923 (Given annually by the NAACP) Honorary doctorate in 1928, Smith College In 1943, honored by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt – –Dedicated $30,000 for a national monument recognizing his accomplishments The image for this website is http://www.blackscholarsindex.com/2009/10/george-washington-carver-an-early- biotechnologist/.
Employed doctoral scientists and engineers, by race/ethnicity and occupation: 2003 Source: Women, Minorities and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering (NSF, December 2006)
U.S. Census Projections (2050) URM Population (18-24 years old) will be greater than 50% URM Population (18-24 years old) will be greater than 50% Serious Consequences Serious Consequences –Shortfall in STEM workforce –Enrollments in U.S. STEM academic departments need to be reflective of these changing demographics
The Legacy Begins: Dr. Saint Elmo Brady (1884-1966) Born in Louisville, KY Dr. Brady Career Highlights: 1908 B.S. in Chemistry, Fisk University 1914 M.S. in Chemistry, University of Illinois 1914 Admitted to Phi Lamda Upsilon 1915 Inducted into Sigma Xi 1916 Ph.D. in Chemistry, University of Illinois (First African American) Faculty Positions 1916-1920 Tuskegee University 1920-1927 Howard University 1927-1952 Fisk University Scholarly Achievements: Published three abstracts in Science Magazine (1914-1915); Published J. Ind. Eng. Chem. (1916); Established a summer program for infrared spectroscopy. Also published three monographs entitled “Household Chemistry for Girls.” The website for this image is http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Elmo_Brady.
Dr. Marie Maynard Daly (1921-2003) Born in Corona, NY B.S. from Queens College in 1942 M.S. from New York University in 1943 Earned a Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1947 – –Dissertation Title: A Study of the Products formed by Action of Pancreatic Amylase on Corn Starch Career Highlights – –Instructor, Howard University (1947-48) – –Biochemist at Columbia University (1955-1959) Investigated artery metabolism and the relationship between high cholesterol and heart attacks – –Investigator for the American Heart Association (1958-1963) – –Associate Professor of Biochemistry (1971-1986) at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University The website for this image is http://www.blackpast.org/?q=aah/clark-marie-maynard-daly-1921-2003.
Dr. Novella Bridges Organometallic Chemist Native of Detroit, Michigan Native of Detroit, Michigan B.S., Jackson State University (1994) B.S., Jackson State University (1994) Earned Ph.D. (Inorganic) from Louisiana State University (2000) Earned Ph.D. (Inorganic) from Louisiana State University (2000) Career Highlights Career Highlights –Research Chemist, PNNL (Richland, WA), 2001-present –JACS publication (2003) focused on Dirhodium catalysts –ACS 2004 Regional Industrial Innovation Award (with Darryl Fisher and Anna Gutowska), RadioGel TM –Research efforts: Heterogenous catalysis, Hydrogen production The website for this image is http://www.gemfellowship.org/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=77.
Professor Gregory H. Robinson: Organometallic and Main Group B.S. from Jacksonville State U (1980) B.S. from Jacksonville State U (1980) PhD, University of Alabama (1984) PhD, University of Alabama (1984) Career Highlights Career Highlights Humbolt Research Fellow at the Technische Universitat Berlin (1994) Humbolt Research Fellow at the Technische Universitat Berlin (1994) Reported first compound gallyne compound, containing a Ga-Ga triple bond (JACS, 1997) Reported first compound gallyne compound, containing a Ga-Ga triple bond (JACS, 1997) Professor, Clemson University (1985-1995) Professor, Clemson University (1985-1995) Professor, University of Georgia (1995-p) Professor, University of Georgia (1995-p) The website for this image is http://www.chem.uga.edu/phonebook/cgi/expand.cfm?ln=Robinson&fn=Gregory&id=1&sortvar=LastName,FirstName.
Conclusions It is important to recognize everyone’s contributions to the chemical sciences. Broadening participation in chemistry remains a real challenge. – –No one size fits all—find what works – –Make the commitment = time and money
Useful Resources Faces of Science: African Americans in Science – –https://webfiles.uci.edu/mcbrown/display/faces.html “Saint Elmo Brady (1884-1966): Pioneering Black Academic Chemistry,” Florida Scientist, 2006, 69(2), 116-123. Collins, S.N. “African Americans and Science,” Chem. Eng. News, 2009, 87(43), p.3. National Organization for the Professional Advancement of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers (NOBCChE) – –www.nobcche.org (See “Our Chemistory,” for more profiles of Chemists and Chemical Engineers)www.nobcche.org