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Objectives Analyze Reagan’s economic policies as President.

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1 Objectives Analyze Reagan’s economic policies as President.
Summarize how Reagan strengthened the conservative movement. Evaluate the steps taken to address various problems in the 1980s and early 1990s.

2 Terms and People supply-side economics – an economic theory which holds that the government should increase the supply of labor and goods, rather than government spending, to achieve economic goals deregulation – the reduction or removal of government control over industry budget deficit – the shortfall between the amount of money spent and the amount of money taken in by the government national debt − the amount of money the federal government owes to owners of government bonds

3 Terms and People (continued)
Savings and Loan crisis – the failure of 1,000 savings and loan banks in 1989 due to risky business practices voucher − a government check that could be used by parents to pay tuition at private schools AIDS − Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, a disease with no known cure that attacks the immune system; began spreading in the early 1980s 3

4 What were the major characteristics of the conservative Reagan Revolution?
Conservatives celebrated the election of Ronald Reagan to the presidency, referring to it as the “Reagan Revolution.” The Reagan Revolution brought a significant shift in the political direction of the nation.

5 Some people referred to the his economic policies as Reaganomics.
Reagan based his economic policy on the theory of supply-side economics. He believed that lower taxes would increase spending. His Economic Recovery Act of cut taxes by 25 percent. He convinced Congress to cut $40 billion from the federal budget, largely from social programs. He brought deregulation to many industries, including banking. Some people referred to the his economic policies as Reaganomics.

6 In spite of Reagan’s policies, the economy experienced a severe recession lasting from 1980 to 1982.
More than 10 percent of workers were unemployed. Blue collar workers were especially hard hit. The number of poor people grew, while the richest percentage of Americans became richer.

7 The national debt rose to $2.5 trillion.
The recession ended in The economy began to rebound, but other economic problems persisted. Reagan increased defense spending, but did not persuade Congress to make huge budget cuts in other areas. In 1985, Congress passed the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act, requiring automatic cuts in federal spending. Nevertheless, the federal budget deficit grew from $79 billion in 1981 to $221 billion in 1986. The national debt rose to $2.5 trillion. 7

8 $200 billion In 1989, the Savings and Loan crisis occurred.
About 1,000 banks failed due to fraudulent behavior and risky loans. The federal government spent more than $200 billion to bail them out. $200 billion Many blamed Reagan’s deregulation policies for allowing banks to make such risky investments.

9 Despite the deficit, the growing economy made Reagan a very popular president who strengthened the conservative cause. He appointed conservative justices to the Supreme Court, including Sandra Day O’Connor, the first female justice. He promoted legislation allowing religious groups access to public school facilities. Reagan easily won reelection in 1984, but the Democrats retained control of the House of Representatives. 9

10 Reagan’s Vice President George H. W
Reagan’s Vice President George H.W. Bush won the presidency in 1988 by calling for a “kinder, gentler nation” and promising not to raise taxes. 10

11 Challenging issues from the 1980s would continue to confront Bush.
the rising costs of Social Security the budget deficit the failure of public education Bush called for community volunteers to provide services for the needy. He supported the use of vouchers in public schools. 11

12 A new disease appeared in 1981 called Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
President Reagan responded slowly to the AIDS crisis. Funding for research on the disease rose during George H.W. Bush’s term. Nevertheless, by 1994, AIDS had killed more than 250,000 Americans.

13 Section Review QuickTake Quiz Know It, Show It Quiz 13

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