Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Organization of hydrogen energy technologies training No. ESF/2004/2.5.0-K01-045 No. ESF/2004/2.5.0-K01-045 Main organization - Lithuanian Energy Institute.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Organization of hydrogen energy technologies training No. ESF/2004/2.5.0-K01-045 No. ESF/2004/2.5.0-K01-045 Main organization - Lithuanian Energy Institute."— Presentation transcript:

1 Organization of hydrogen energy technologies training No. ESF/2004/2.5.0-K No. ESF/2004/2.5.0-K Main organization - Lithuanian Energy Institute Partner - Vytautas Magnus University

2 I was attending in training program on EDX measurements technique and Profilometry analysis of the experimental results in the Metallurgic Physics Laboratory, in Poitiers University, France

3 Outline of the presentation: How EDX Works Profilometer effect Glancing angle XRD measurements Discussions

4 How EDX Works (1) When an incident electron beam hits atoms of the sample, secondary and backscattered electrons can be emitted from the sample surface. These are not the only signals emitted from the sample.

5 How EDX Works (2) For instance, if the inner shell (the K shell) electron of an iron atom is replaced by an L shell electron, a 6400 eV K alpha X-ray is emitted from the sample

6 How EDX Works (3) Or, if the innermost shell (the K shell) electron of an iron atom is replaced by an M shell electron, a 7057 eV K beta X-ray is emitted from the sample.

7 Or, if the L shell electron of an iron atom is replaced by an M shell electron, a 704 eV L alpha X-ray is emitted from the sample. How EDX Works (4)

8 An EDX Spectrum of Iron would have three peaks; An L alpha at 704 eV, a K alpha at 6400 eV, and a K Beta at 7057 eV. How EDX Works (5)

9 The X-rays are emitted from a depth equivalent to how deep the secondary electrons are formed. Depending on the sample density and accelerating voltage of the incident beam, this is usually from 1/2 to 2 microns in depth. How EDX Works (6)

10 The spectrum is of a high temperature nickel based alloy composed of nickel, chromium, iron, manganese, titanium, molybdenum, silicon, and aluminium. How EDX Works (7)

11 A profile is, mathematically, the line of intersection of a surface with a sectioning plane which is (ordinarily) perpendicular to the surface. It is a two-dimensional slice of the three-dimensional surface. Almost always profiles are measured across the surface in a direction perpendicular to the lay of the surface. PROFILOMETRY (1)

12 The average roughness, Ra, is an integral of the absolute value of the roughness profile. It Is The average roughness, Ra, is an integral of the absolute value of the roughness profile. It Is the shaded area divided by the evaluation length, L. Ra is the most commonly used roughness Ra is the most commonly used roughnessparameter. PROFILOMETRY (2)

13 The more complicated the shape of the surface we want and the more critical the function of the surface, the more sophisticated we need to be in measuring parameters beyond Ra. PROFILOMETRY (3)

14 Measurement Display Range: 200 Å to 655,000 Å Vertical Resolution: 5 Å Scan Length: 50 microns to 30 mm Scan Speed Ranges: Low (50 sec/scan), Medium (12.5 sec/scan), High (3.12 sec/scan) Leveling: Manual, 2 point programmable or cursor leveling Stylus Tracking Force: adjustable from 10 mg to 50 mg (0.1 mN to 0.4 milliNewtons) Maximum Sample Thickness: 20 mm (0.75") Sample Stage Diameter: 127 mm (5") Sample Stage Translation (from center): X axis = +/- 10 mm; Y axis = + 10 mm/- 70 mm Sample Stage Rotation: continuous 360 deg Maximum Sample Weight: 0.5 kg (1 lb) Warm-up Time: 15 minutes for maximum stability PROFILOMETRY (4)

15 Sample thickness Number of Name of the Thickness of the sample SamplesSample trough the step in the region of the crash 1 SandiaSi 159H 0, SandiaSi 162H 0, SandiaSi 153H 0, SandiaSi 160H 0,5 5 SandiaSi 154H 0,33540, SandiaSi 166H 0, SandiaSi 178 0, SandiaL VH 0, SandiaSi 163H 0, SandiaL ,7968

16 Comparison of high and low thickness samples Sample preparation conditions

17 Comparison of high and low thickness samples 1. Deposited thickness measured in the crash region - 1,7968 μm 2. Deposited thickness measured trough the step - 0,8653 μm3. Deposited thickness measured trough the step - 0,1486 μm

18 Sample roughness Number of Name of the Sample Roughness Sample Roughness SamplesSample Corner of the sample midle of the sample Corner of the sample 1 SandiaSi 159H 0,16440,54690, SandiaSi 162H 0,07610,050,076 3 SandiaSi 153H 0,10750,14960, SandiaSi 160H 0,04230,05940, SandiaSi 154H 0,05220,07740, SandiaSi 166H 0,01860,01790,014 7 SandiaSi 165H 0,00860,01690, SandiaSi 164H 0,10630,08420, SandiaSi 155H 0,00510,00950, SandiaSi 163H 0,02870,02580, SandiaSi 167H 0,00630,00270, SandiaSi 171 0,01270,00810, SandiaSi 178 0,00730,01540, SandiaSi 176 0,0150,01420, SandiaL ,2510,01920,0166

19 Comparison of high and low roughness samples Sample preparation conditions

20 High roughness sample 2. Roughness of deposit in the centre of the sample is equal 0,5469 μm 1. Roughness of deposit in the corner of the sample scanning interval mikrometro is equal 0,4634 μm 3. R oughness of deposit in the corner of the sample scanning interval μm is equal 0,1644 μm

21 Low roughness sample 1. Roughness of deposit in the corner of the sample scanning interval μm is equal 0,0063 μm 2. Roughness deposit in the centre of the sample scanning interval μm is equal 0,0027 μm 3. Roughness deposit in the corner of the sample scanning interval μm is equal 0,0031 μm

22 Discussion Steps of the scanning sample: 0 – 400 deposit; accumulation of deposit; step (1500); substrate ( ) In optical microscope we can see that there is rise and there is no perpendicular corner. The thickness of the deposit in this area is about 1 μm ? We can see two steps it seems that everything concentrates in the corner of the deposit? And how it can be that our deposit (0-1600) is lower than our substrate ( )?

23 Discussion Its seen three shells : From μm there is deposit ; step in the interval μm Before the second step in the interval there is rise witch height is 0.6 μm ; Before the third step, starts from 1474 μm there is rise witch height is 0.5 μm. ? Is it possible that it happens because - when our sample is on holder in the corners the particles hit the holder losing their energy and then concentrate between the sample and the holder? It seems that our holder is like a barrier for particle motion and because of this we see the rises.

24 In this case we can see that our deposit is lower then the substrate and it seems that it goes into substrate Discussion

25 Sample preparation conditions

26 EDX Sandia Si 171 Percentage of materials in all scanning points. Sample preparation conditions

27 Mg and Al percentage separate in all scanning points

28 EDX Sandia Si 153H Sample preparation conditions Mg and Al percentage separate in all scanning points

29 EDX Sandia Si 160H Al percentage separate in all scanning points Sample preparation conditions

30 EDX Sandia Q 190 Sample preparation conditions Percentage of materials in all scanning points

31 EDX Sandia Q 190 Mg and Al percentage separate in all scanning points

32 EDX Sandia Q 190 Ni percentage separate in all scanning points

33 From EDX analyze of the samples SandiaSi 171 and Sandia Si 153H we saw that percentage of analyzed materials in one corner of the sample is lower then in another. ? why. Discussion

34 Glancing angle XRD


Download ppt "Organization of hydrogen energy technologies training No. ESF/2004/2.5.0-K01-045 No. ESF/2004/2.5.0-K01-045 Main organization - Lithuanian Energy Institute."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google