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Water, Sanitation,Food Security, Waste Management UN Small Island Developing States Sept 1-4, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Water, Sanitation,Food Security, Waste Management UN Small Island Developing States Sept 1-4, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Water, Sanitation,Food Security, Waste Management UN Small Island Developing States Sept 1-4, 2014

2 SiIDS 3 Sustainable Development Goals RIO+20 UNFCCC Mauritius Implementation Barbados Plan of Action MDG’s Rio1992 Brundtland

3 THEME: Common and Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities Contentious! SDG’s: Taking into account different national circumstances, capacities and priorities

4 Indigenous Knowledge and Resilience Indigenous knowledge contexts of SIDS Pacific Pacific imagination – Water continent Relational Obligation, duty, responsibility Community priorities Connection to cosmos, interdependence of all living things

5 Reciprocity and Leadership Reciprocity Water shares a genealogy with land who in turn shares a genealogy with man, the cosmos and the gods. This genealogy is sacred and invests a legacy of responsibility on all living things (trees, clouds, volcanoes, water, animals, people) to respect through reciprocity, the divine balance or harmony they share. This is what Samoans call the va tapuia – the sacred relations. H.H. Tui Atua Tupua Tamasese Efi Leadership Power/wisdom is acquired through working with others and working the land. For instance Logovae refers to power as ‘both a gift and a burden’ and adds that ‘while it is a privilege, responsibilities are its constant companion

6 Climate: A Matter of National Security? Floods, Droughts Salination of Water & Soils Severity of Hazards

7 Climate and Water Three key areas food security and production water resource management coastal protection.

8 Coast and Oceans

9 Water and Food Security Imagine if you had 2 glasses of water, and egg, two slices of toast, fruit and toast, how much water would you have used? (FAO) estimates that it takes 135 litres of water to produce one egg, 40 litres of water to produce one slice of bread and 65 litres per 100 grams of fruit and vegetables. Chickens, wheat, fruit and vegetables need water to grow, but not as much cows as pigs. It takes 208 litres of water for one glass of milk and 2,182 litres to produce half a kilo of pork. It is this relationship of water to food security In atoll countries, limited water and poor soil mean much of the fruit and vegetables people eat need to be imported, driving up costs

10 Indigenous Management of Water Sili Village Hawaiian use of Trusteeship law Fiji LMMNA Vanuatu Village and Catchment strategies Community Decision-making


12 Custom Law Custom law, its institutions and processes, are being increasingly recognised in international instruments. Articles 5 and 34 of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples propose recognition of the right of indigenous people to maintain and strengthen their legal systems and juridical customs, in accordance with internationally recognised human rights standards. Custom is a system of law for customary communities, coexisting with state-made law and drawing its authority from the fact that it is the law that preceded the state. (Coverging Currents)


14 Partnerships for Water

15 SDG’s for All Countries No reference to UNDRIP; Includes effects of colonization (Para 15) Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

16 Food Security

17 Privilege the integrated systems of Indigenous tradition in development

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