Presentation on theme: "Subjects and Verbs Pronouns and Antecedents Verb Tense"— Presentation transcript:
1Subjects and Verbs Pronouns and Antecedents Verb Tense Agreement!Subjects and VerbsPronouns and AntecedentsVerb Tense
2Subject / Verb Agreement The subject of a sentence must agree with the sentence’s verb in terms of the following:NumberA singular subject must take a singular verbA plural subject must take a plural verb
3Finding the Subject! What the sentence is about Oftentimes…… The noun or pronoun immediately next to the verb:The dog ran to the school.He is in charge of the team.Quickly, the boys ran away from Boo Radley.
4The Congressmen of the United States are in session. Sometimes……The noun or pronoun that the sentence is about but has been separated from the verb by a phrase or clauseThe Congressmen of the United States are in session.Although sweet, the lollypops in the bag are also tart.Despite the fact that he was late, the boy with the sandy blond hair and the late passes was not sweating!
5HINT!!!!The subject of a sentence is NEVER in a prepositional phrase (group of word acting as a unit but do not have a subject, verb, or complete thought) or in an interrupting clause.The ships in the harbor were painted redThe dog who was baying at the moon was black.Although she was smart, her grades, which were not very good, were reflective of her efforts.
6Your Subject Must Agree With Your Verb! Find the subject of your sentenceFind the verb of your sentenceMake them agree in terms of number!
7ModelingA family of Celtic werewolves was off for a picnic on the cliffs.Subject = familyFamily is singular (ONE group)A family of Celtic werewolves was off for a picnic on the cliffs.
8Modeling #2The nymph who left these footprints is usually much more cautious.The nymph who left these footprints is usually much more cautious.
9Modeling #3The robot you’ve been sending flowers to is wearing his heart on his sleeve.The robot you’ve been sending flowers to is wearing his heart on his sleeve.
10Group PracticeAn entourage of hangers-on (was / were) sprawling in the lounge.One thing after another (has / have) thrown the troll off-kilter.The afternoon of the fauns (flies / fly) past in a flash of hoofs.
11Mas!This house with its skeletons in the closets (is / are) all there is to my abode.An assortment of odd chocolates and soft toffees (was / were) congealed in her alligator shoes.The coven of baby witches and warlocks (has / have) been moving in next door.
12Weird NounsAll of the following are plural in form (have an –s) but take SINGULAR verbsPhysicsEthicsMathematicsNewsMumpsEtc.
13More Weird NounsAll of the following have 2 moving part but act as a singular item. They take PLURAL verbsScissorsPliersTweezersHandcuffsTightsEtc.
14WARNING!!!Confusing items and exceptions to follow……
15My sidekick and best friend has arrived. If two subjects refer to the same person or thing, the verb is SINGULARMy sidekick and best friend has arrived.The person arriving is both a sidekick AND a best friend. This is NOT saying that 2 different people have arrived!Macaroni and Cheese is yummy.Gabor’s colleague and compatriot plays a mean alto sax.
16If each or every comes before singular subjects, they take a SINGULAR verb Each huzzah and hallelujah was bouncing off the domeEvery mace and hatchet was safely in its place.NOT were bouncing or were safely!
17Two or more singular subjects joined by or or nor receive a SINGULAR verb The nymph or the lamia was twining her legs around this tree.The robot or the dentist has requested a tangoElphaba or Glinda is the best witch
18When subjects are joined with either….orneither….nornot only….but alsonot…butthe verb agrees with the subject CLOSEST to it.Neither nuclear war nor the meteor showers have hurt the dahlia crop this year.
19Either history or PE is my favorite class. Not the vampires but the sandman has made a mess of this schloss.Not the maestro but his sycophants have decided to blow this joint.
20Mas! Everyone and his uncle (is / are) studying podiatry. Not only astrophysics but also music (is / are) my favorite.Neither Betty nor Buffy (sends / send) me love letters anymore.
21Group Practice Either John or Sam (was / were) the first to arrive. My best friend and wife (is / are) here.Not green beans but pumpkin (is / are) my favorite vegetable.
22Pronoun – Verb Agreement If the subject of the sentence is a pronoun, the same rules apply with agreement.He is in town.They are cool.
23But…Indefinite Pronouns Indefinite pronouns do not refer to any one specific person.They are….not definite or…..INDEFINITE!!!
24Singular Indefinite Pronouns EachEitherNeitherEverybodyEveryoneAnybodySomebodyNo one
25Examples Neither of them was eager for the concert to end. It is really tempting to say “neither ARE..”Someone has found the secret to life!You wouldn’t say “someone ARE…”
26Singular OR Plural Indefinites AnyAllSuchNoneAll of the classes ARE here for the assemblyAll of the class IS here.Meaning students in a class
27Examples Is all of the cake devoured? Are all of the pastries gone? Have any of you made up your minds?Are any of you guys with the shaggy shoes interested in running around the lake?
28Group PracticeEach and every student in the class (was / were) on time today.Any of the flowers (is / are) fine with me.All of the songs (is / are) the best I’ve heard.
29Mas! Everyone (brings / bring) their binders to class as requested. Such crazy students (is / are) most disruptive.Either Guillaume or Herb (fancies / fancy) the girl with the snakes for hair.