Presentation on theme: "IFRS 3 BUSINESS COMBINATIONS. LACPA – Roger Nasr July 6, 2006."— Presentation transcript:
IFRS 3 BUSINESS COMBINATIONS. LACPA – Roger Nasr July 6, 2006
AGENDA n Introduction n Scope n Application of the purchase method –including impairment of goodwill (IAS 36) & acquired intangible assets (IAS 38) n Changes from IAS 22 n Questions
INTRODUCTION n IFRS 3, Business Combinations n Revised versions IAS 36, Impairment of AssetsIAS 36, Impairment of Assets IAS 38, Intangible AssetsIAS 38, Intangible Assets n Supersedes IAS 22, Business Combinations (1998) n SIC 9, 22 and 28 withdrawn
Main Changes in IFRS 3 Method? Must be accounted for using the purchase method Assets and liabilities acquired? More intangible assets & contingent liabilities recognised and measured at fair values Goodwill? Not amortised and tested for impairment annually Negative goodwill? Recognised in profit or loss immediately Restructuring costs? Only recognised to the extent acquiree’s liability exists at acquisition date
SCOPE n Business combination = A business combination is the bringing together of separate entities or businesses into one reporting entity n IFRS 3 applies to all business combinations except –combinations of entities under common control –combinations by contract without exchange of ownership interest –formations of joint ventures
APPLICATION OF THE PURCHASE METHOD n All business combinations are accounted for by the purchase method n Applying the purchase method An acquirer is identifiedAn acquirer is identified The cost of the business combination is measuredThe cost of the business combination is measured The cost is allocated, at acquisition, to the assets, liabilities and contingent liabilitiesThe cost is allocated, at acquisition, to the assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities
Identifying an acquirer n An acquirer must be identified n The acquirer is the entity that obtains control of the other entities n IFRS 3 contains significant guidance on identifying the acquirer (e.g. relative fair values) n The acquirer for accounting purposes may not always be the legal acquirer (reverse acquisitions)
Cost of a business combination n An acquirer measures the cost as the total of –fair values at date of exchange of assets given, liabilities incurred and equity instruments issued, plus –any directly attributable costs n Equity instruments –If market price exists - use price at date of exchange –If market price doesn’t exist/unreliable - use other valuation technique
Cost adjustments n Accounting for adjustments to the cost of a business combination which are contingent on future events –include in the cost of combination if probable and can be measured reliably at acquisition date –treat as an adjustment to cost if subsequently meets condition –otherwise exclude
Allocating the cost Allocate cost by recognising, at fair values, identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities of acquireeAllocate cost by recognising, at fair values, identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities of acquiree Goodwill =Goodwill = Cost of acquisition - Total of net assetsCost of acquisition - Total of net assets
IAS 38 Intangible assets (recognition) Recognised separately from goodwill if:Recognised separately from goodwill if: meet the definition of an assetmeet the definition of an asset -controlled by the entity -provide economic benefits either separable or arise from contractual/legal rightseither separable or arise from contractual/legal rights fair value can be measured reliablyfair value can be measured reliably
IAS 38 Intangible Assets (measurement) n Cost model –Cost less accumulated amortisation and/or impairment losses OR n Revaluation model –Fair value at date of revaluation less accumulated amortisation and/or impairment losses –Only allowed if an active market exists
IAS 38 Intangible Assets (measurement) n Subsequent expenditure –Only capitalise if will generate future economic benefits in excess of originally assessed standard of performance
IAS 38 Intangible assets (classification)
Contingent liabilities Initial recognition - Recognised separately if fair value can be measured reliablyInitial recognition - Recognised separately if fair value can be measured reliably Subsequent recognition – Remeasure at the higher ofSubsequent recognition – Remeasure at the higher of IAS 37 valueIAS 37 value Initial amount less amortisationInitial amount less amortisation
Goodwill n Recognised as an asset –cost of acquisition - total of net assets n Annual impairment test in accordance with IAS 36 –amortisation not allowed n No negative goodwill –total of net assets > cost of acquisition –reassess fair values and cost of acquisition –recognise immediately as a gain
IAS 36 Impairment of Goodwill n Allocate goodwill to cash generating units (CGU) before impairment test –the smallest group of assets generating independent cash inflows –represents the lowest level at which goodwill is monitored internally –not larger than a segment (IAS 14) n Impairment test annually per CGU –not necessarily at year end
New carrying amount (after write-down) Carrying amount before the impairment test Recoverable amount Lowest of Fair value less costs to sell Value in use Highest of IAS 36 - Impairment model (reminder)
IAS 36 – Allocation of impairment loss n The impairment loss is allocated in the following order –1 st reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the CGU (or group of units) –2 nd reduce the carrying amounts of the other assets (pro rata based on carrying amounts) n A write-down due to an impairment is recognised in profit or loss n Reversal of write-down of goodwill is prohibited
IFRS 3 BUSINESS COMBINATIONS. (Case Studies)
IFRS 3 Business Combinations Scope n Facts –Strawberry Ltd acquired the shares in Lemon Ltd on 1 July 2004, based on a valuation performed by corporate financiers, for Euro 15 million. –The sole asset of Lemon was the patent right for genetically engineered fruit technologies. –Strawberry recognised Euro 15 million as goodwill.
IFRS 3 Business Combinations Scope (cont) n Question –Is this treatment correct? Lemon (Patent) Strawberry 100%
IFRS 3 Business Combinations Scope (cont) n Definition of business –Integrated set of activities and assets conducted and managed for the purposes of providing: n A return to investors or n Lower costs or other economic benefits –Consists of: n Inputs n Process applied to inputs n Outputs used to generate revenues
IFRS 3 Business Combinations Scope (cont) n Guidance –Inputs n PPE, Intangibles, Intellectual property, Ability to obtain access to necessary materials, Employees –Processes n Systems, standards, protocols that define processes –Outputs n Ability to obtain access to customers that purchase output
IFRS 3 Business Combinations Acquisition date n Facts –A company acquires a business. –The acquisition needs approval from a Competitions Authority (antitrust legislation) before acquisition can be implemented. n Question –Is this approval necessary prior to the recognition of the acquisition as a business combination?
IFRS 3 Business Combinations Identification of acquirer n Facts –Nedcor makes partial offer for Stanbic on the basis of 1 Nedcor share for every 5.5 Stanbic shares –Value of bid n Nedcor ZAR million n Stanbic ZAR million –Market capitalisation n Nedcor ZAR million n Stanbic ZAR million
IFRS 3 Business Combinations Identification of acquirer (cont) n Facts (cont) –aStatement of intent “Nedcor intends, in conjunction with Stanbic management to realise benefits of merger. Nedcor intends to retain key staff and clients in both banks to ensure that both parties participate in new entity.” n Question –Who is the acquirer?
IFRS 3 Business Combinations Identification of acquirer (cont) n Theory –“the combining entity that obtains control of other combining entities” –Indicators n Fair value n Entity giving up cash or assets n Management
IFRS 3. (IFRS 2 Link)
IFRS 3 Cost of acquisition- IFRS 2 link n Facts –Company A purchases 100% of Company B’s shares from management for a combination of cash and shares. –In addition, Company A will pay additional consideration to the previous owners/management if revenues exceed 100 million over the next year. –Each individual must be employed with the new company for the duration of the contingency period to receive the additional consideration.
IFRS 3 Cost of acquisition - IFRS 2 link (cont) n Question –Would such transactions be within the scope of IFRS 2 or IFRS 3?