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I. Pre-Columbian: ? to 1607 II. Colonial:1607-1770 III. Revolutionary:1770-1800 IV. Romantic:1800-1860 V. Transcendental:1840-1860 VI. Realist:1860-1900.

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Presentation on theme: "I. Pre-Columbian: ? to 1607 II. Colonial:1607-1770 III. Revolutionary:1770-1800 IV. Romantic:1800-1860 V. Transcendental:1840-1860 VI. Realist:1860-1900."— Presentation transcript:

1 I. Pre-Columbian: ? to 1607 II. Colonial: III. Revolutionary: IV. Romantic: V. Transcendental: VI. Realist: VII. Modern: present

2 England:  1790s  William Wordsworth  Samuel Taylor Coleridge  “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings”

3  Love of nature  Strong sense of the beauty of the world, especially in nature and human emotion  Search for the ideal world where one can be in communion with nature  Strong conflict between science and nature

4  Vivid imagination  Strong sense of supernatural and mystery  Strong passionate emotion, often not accepted by society  Non-conformity to society

5  Subjectivity-feelings and opinions are more important/effective than fact/reason  Freedom from restraint and rebellion against limitations-especially those imposed by society

6  Emerson (Nature)  Thoreau (Walden)  Fuller (The Dial)

7  Truths that go beyond, or transcend, proof  Truths that are known to the heart and not necessarily to the mind  Truths that are felt emotionally, but cannot be proven logically  Values lie in the realm of instinct and intuition Great men are they who see that spiritual is stronger than any material force, that thoughts rule the world

8  Mankind is naturally good with the ability to achieve higher levels of thinking and understanding.  Strong sense of morality and ethical seriousness (from Puritans), but reject rigid religious structure

9  Believe in man’s path to individual enlightenment rather than man’s ability to receive divine light from God

10  Appalled by coldness of the church  Humans are “God-bullied”  Christianity is impractical

11  Believes in man’s inclination toward sin and evil, like his Puritan ancestors(but redemption can be found)  Finds Puritan history and his own ancestors to be hypocritical and severe  Writing exposes this hypocrisy and suggests compassion towards sinners


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