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Vocabulary – Unit 4 Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes

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Prefixes pre- Examples: precede, predict, preface

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Prefixes pre- Meaning: before, in front of

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Prefixes post- Examples postpone, posthumous, post-game

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Prefixes post- Meaning: after, behind

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Prefixes tele- Examples telephone, telepathy, television, telegram

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Prefixes tele- Meaning: distant

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Prefixes a- / ab- / abs- Examples abstract, abduction, abstain, abnormal

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Prefixes a- / ab- / abs- Meaning: away, from

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Prefixes ad- Examples adhere, adjoin, adjacent

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Prefixes ad- Meaning: to or toward

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Prefixes im- / in- Examples imperfect, impolite, impossible, impractical, indiscreet, invisible

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Prefixes im- / in- Meaning: not

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Roots/Bases aqua- / aque- Examples aquatic, aquarium, aqueduct

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Roots/Bases aqua- / aque- Meaning: water

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Roots/Bases duc- / duct- Examples induce, deduce, seduction, conduct, abduct, produce, aqueduct

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Roots/Bases duc- / duct- Meaning: lead

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Roots/Bases fin- / finit- Examples final, definite, infinite

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Roots/Bases fin- / finit- Meaning: end, limit

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Roots/Bases magn- Example magnify, magnate, magnificent

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Roots/Bases magn- Meaning: large, great

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Roots/Bases scrib- / script- Examples manuscript, scribe, scripture, scribble, prescription

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Roots/Bases scrib- / script- Meaning: to write, written

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Roots/Bases sol- Examples solitary, solo, soliloquy, solitaire

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Roots/Bases sol- Meaning: alone

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Roots/Bases vid-/ vis- Examples video, vision

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Roots/Bases vid- / vis- Meaning: to see

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Roots/Bases voc- / voke- / voice Exaples vocal, invoke, revoke, invocation, convocation

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Roots/Bases voc- / voke- / voice Meaning: voice, to call

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Roots/Bases ami- / amic- Examples amiable, amicable, amorous

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Roots/Bases ami- / amic- Meaning: love

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Roots/Bases aud- Examples auditorium, audible, audiologist, audiotape

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Roots/Bases aud- Meaning: sound

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Roots/Bases gram- / graph- Examples telegram, graphite, biography, telegraph, geography

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Roots/Bases gram- / graph- Meaning: to write or draw; writing; printing

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Roots/Bases chron- Examples chronicle, chronology, synchronize, chronological order

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Roots/Bases chron- Meaning: time

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Roots/Bases grad- / gress- Examples graduate, progress, gradual, progression, transgression

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Roots/Bases grad- / gress- Meaning: to step

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Roots/Bases hydr(o)- Examples dehydrate, hydraulics, hydroelectric, hydroplane

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Roots/Bases hydr(o)- Meaning: water

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Roots/Bases mut- Examples mutant, mutate, mutability

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Roots/Bases mut- Meaning: change

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Roots/Bases terr(a)- Examples subterrarean, terrain, terrestrial, disinter, territorial

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Roots/Bases terr(a)- Meaning: earth, ground

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Suffixes -ate Examples Donate, vibrate, implicate

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Suffixes -ate Meaning: to make

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Suffixes -ation Examples donation, vibration, implication

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Suffixes -ation Meaning: the result of doing

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Suffixes -ify Examples justify, magnify, intensify

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Suffixes -ify Meaning: to make

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Suffixes -er / -or Examples teacher, counselor

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Suffixes -er / -or Meaning: one who does

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Suffixes -ologist Examples zoologist, biologist

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Suffixes -ologist Meaning: one who studies

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Suffixes -ology Examples zoology, biology

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Suffixes -ology Meaning: study of

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