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Constitutional Underpinnings. Journal #1 Distinguishing between power and authority is, fundamentally, reflective of one’s political beliefs. In what.

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Presentation on theme: "Constitutional Underpinnings. Journal #1 Distinguishing between power and authority is, fundamentally, reflective of one’s political beliefs. In what."— Presentation transcript:

1 Constitutional Underpinnings

2 Journal #1 Distinguishing between power and authority is, fundamentally, reflective of one’s political beliefs. In what kinds of institutions do you have confidence? Why do you trust them? In contrast, what kinds of institutions raise your suspicions? Why?

3 # 1. What is political power? Power as it is used to affect who will hold government office & how government will behave Authority: the right to use power Legitimacy

4 #2. What is democracy? Describes three different political systems 1. Democratic centralism 2. Aristotelian (direct or participatory) 3. Representative democracy

5 #3. Direct v. Representative Democracy Direct: impractical, ”mobocracy”, Representative: favored by the framers, Constitution does not contain word “democracy”

6 #4. How is power distributed in a democracy? A. Majoritarian politics  Leaders follow the wishes of the people B. Elitism  gov’t is controlled by the dominant class  Power elite – key corporate leaders, military leaders, & political leaders  Bureaucrats (nonelected gov’t workers)  Pluralist: no single elite has a monopoly on power

7 5. Describe the events leading to the demise of the Articles of Confederation

8 Could not levy taxes or regulate commerce little money coined by Congress Disputes between states

9 No National judicial system Congress did have the power to maintain an army & navy, yet lacked resources

10 6. Examine the philosophies, backgrounds, and experiences of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention

11 Framers - Young (exception Franklin) vast amount of political, educational, legal & business experience

12 Motives debated over the years. Key players Hamilton & Madison Missing- Jefferson, Adams & Henry

13 7. Key Principles – Pushed by Madison Federalism Separation of Powers Checks & Balances Limits on the Majority- only the House elected by the people

14 Critics views Reducing the Separation of Powers Making the system less Democratic

15 8. Describe the ratification procedures and arguments for and against ratification of the Constitution

16 The Constitution had to be approved by 9 states not 13 Proponents – Federalists (nationalists) Opponents – Antifederalists (states’ righters)

17 9. What were the liberties guaranteed in the Constitution?  Writ of habeas corpus may not be suspended  No bill of attainder may be passed  No ex post facto may be passed  Right of trial by jury  Citizens of each state are entitled to the privileges and immunities of the citizens of every other state  No religious test for holding federal office

18 Government Make and enforce public policies Consists of lawmakers, administrators and judges

19 Public Policy Is a choice that gov’t makes in response to some issue on its agenda

20 Types of Public Policy Congressional statute (laws) Presidential action Court decision Regulation

21 Forms of Government Monarchy/Dictatorship/Oligarchy Republic Theocracy

22 HOW IS POWER DISTRIBUTED? Unitary Federal Confederation

23 Figure 3.1: Lines of Power in Three Systems of Government

24 Figure 3.1: Lines of Power in Three Systems of Government (cont’d)

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26 Relationship between Leg. & Executive Presidential Parliamentary

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28 Gov’t by force / By the People Dictatorship Democracy  participatory  Representative

29 Journal # 2, 2/5/10 Which form of government, presidential or parliamentary is best to respond to the needs of the citizens? Why?

30 American Political Culture Political culture – is the distinctive and patterned way of thinking about how political and economic life ought to be carried out. Political culture should not be confused with Political ideology

31 Basic views - political Liberty (Freedoms) Equality Democracy Civic duty Individual responsibility

32 Economic assumptions Liberty – free-enterprise “equality of opportunity” Individualism

33 Cultural Conflict Areas of disagreement include- abortion, gay rights, drug use, school prayer, and pornography Two basic views Orthodox – morality more important than self- expression Progressive- personal freedom more important than traditional moral rules

34 Figure 4.1: Trust in the Federal Government, 1958- 2001 Source: University of Michigan, The National Election Studies, (September 1999), table 5A.1, updated by Los Angeles Times, poll taken November 10-13, 2001.

35 Political Efficacy- The capacity to understand and influence political events

36 Figure 4.2: Changes in the Sense of Political Efficacy Source: University of Michigan, The National Election Studies, 1952-2000

37 Table 4.2: Patriotism in America, France, and Germany

38 Table 4.3: Commitment to Income Equity in Sweden and the United States

39 Figure 4.4a: Views of Toleration and Morality Source: The American Enterprise (January/February 1999): 37, reporting data from Roper, Washington Post, Harvard, and Kaiser Family Foundation polls.

40 Figure 4.4b: Views of Toleration and Morality (cont’d) Source: The American Enterprise (January/February 1999): 37, reporting data from Roper, Washington Post, Harvard, and Kaiser Family Foundation polls.

41 Figure 4.5: Changes in Levels of Political Tolerance, 1930-1999 Source: Gallup poll data, various years, as compiled by Professor John Zaller, Department of Political Science, UCLA; The Gallup Organization, Poll Releases (March 29, 1999), 2-6.

42 Table 4.7: Religion in Industrialized Nations, 1990-1993


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