Presentation on theme: "Constitutional Underpinnings. Journal #1 Distinguishing between power and authority is, fundamentally, reflective of one’s political beliefs. In what."— Presentation transcript:
Journal #1 Distinguishing between power and authority is, fundamentally, reflective of one’s political beliefs. In what kinds of institutions do you have confidence? Why do you trust them? In contrast, what kinds of institutions raise your suspicions? Why?
# 1. What is political power? Power as it is used to affect who will hold government office & how government will behave Authority: the right to use power Legitimacy
#2. What is democracy? Describes three different political systems 1. Democratic centralism 2. Aristotelian (direct or participatory) 3. Representative democracy
#3. Direct v. Representative Democracy Direct: impractical, ”mobocracy”, Representative: favored by the framers, Constitution does not contain word “democracy”
#4. How is power distributed in a democracy? A. Majoritarian politics Leaders follow the wishes of the people B. Elitism gov’t is controlled by the dominant class Power elite – key corporate leaders, military leaders, & political leaders Bureaucrats (nonelected gov’t workers) Pluralist: no single elite has a monopoly on power
5. Describe the events leading to the demise of the Articles of Confederation
Could not levy taxes or regulate commerce little money coined by Congress Disputes between states
No National judicial system Congress did have the power to maintain an army & navy, yet lacked resources
6. Examine the philosophies, backgrounds, and experiences of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention
Framers - Young (exception Franklin) vast amount of political, educational, legal & business experience
Motives debated over the years. Key players Hamilton & Madison Missing- Jefferson, Adams & Henry
7. Key Principles – Pushed by Madison Federalism Separation of Powers Checks & Balances Limits on the Majority- only the House elected by the people
Critics views Reducing the Separation of Powers Making the system less Democratic
8. Describe the ratification procedures and arguments for and against ratification of the Constitution
The Constitution had to be approved by 9 states not 13 Proponents – Federalists (nationalists) Opponents – Antifederalists (states’ righters)
9. What were the liberties guaranteed in the Constitution? Writ of habeas corpus may not be suspended No bill of attainder may be passed No ex post facto may be passed Right of trial by jury Citizens of each state are entitled to the privileges and immunities of the citizens of every other state No religious test for holding federal office
Government Make and enforce public policies Consists of lawmakers, administrators and judges
Public Policy Is a choice that gov’t makes in response to some issue on its agenda
Types of Public Policy Congressional statute (laws) Presidential action Court decision Regulation
Forms of Government Monarchy/Dictatorship/Oligarchy Republic Theocracy
HOW IS POWER DISTRIBUTED? Unitary Federal Confederation
Figure 3.1: Lines of Power in Three Systems of Government
Figure 3.1: Lines of Power in Three Systems of Government (cont’d)
Relationship between Leg. & Executive Presidential Parliamentary
Gov’t by force / By the People Dictatorship Democracy participatory Representative
Journal # 2, 2/5/10 Which form of government, presidential or parliamentary is best to respond to the needs of the citizens? Why?
American Political Culture Political culture – is the distinctive and patterned way of thinking about how political and economic life ought to be carried out. Political culture should not be confused with Political ideology
Basic views - political Liberty (Freedoms) Equality Democracy Civic duty Individual responsibility
Economic assumptions Liberty – free-enterprise “equality of opportunity” Individualism
Cultural Conflict Areas of disagreement include- abortion, gay rights, drug use, school prayer, and pornography Two basic views Orthodox – morality more important than self- expression Progressive- personal freedom more important than traditional moral rules
Figure 4.1: Trust in the Federal Government, 1958- 2001 Source: University of Michigan, The National Election Studies, (September 1999), table 5A.1, updated by Los Angeles Times, poll taken November 10-13, 2001.
Political Efficacy- The capacity to understand and influence political events
Figure 4.2: Changes in the Sense of Political Efficacy Source: University of Michigan, The National Election Studies, 1952-2000
Table 4.2: Patriotism in America, France, and Germany
Table 4.3: Commitment to Income Equity in Sweden and the United States
Figure 4.4a: Views of Toleration and Morality Source: The American Enterprise (January/February 1999): 37, reporting data from Roper, Washington Post, Harvard, and Kaiser Family Foundation polls.
Figure 4.4b: Views of Toleration and Morality (cont’d) Source: The American Enterprise (January/February 1999): 37, reporting data from Roper, Washington Post, Harvard, and Kaiser Family Foundation polls.
Figure 4.5: Changes in Levels of Political Tolerance, 1930-1999 Source: Gallup poll data, various years, as compiled by Professor John Zaller, Department of Political Science, UCLA; The Gallup Organization, Poll Releases (March 29, 1999), 2-6.
Table 4.7: Religion in Industrialized Nations, 1990-1993