4 CLA DefinitionChapter Rules and Regulations for the State Minimum Fire Safety Standards(6)Any residencebeing operated for profit or notsubject to being licensed by the stateto provide or arrange for the provision of daily personal services, support, care, or treatmentfor two or more adultsnot related to the owner or manager by blood or marriage, and
5 CLA DefinitionChapter Rules and Regulations for the State Minimum Fire Safety Standards(6)Whose residential servicesfinancially supported, in whole or in part,by funds designated through the Department of Human Services, Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, and Addictive Diseases.
6 Why CLA Occupancy Classification? Why not just use Residential Board and Care Chapters?Political Issues…Main issue: they are usually different!Most Residents Incapable of Self-Preservation.Usually Three of Four Completely Incapable.Rely more on Protect in Place Evacuation Methods.Not in facilities designed to Protect in Place.
7 Rock Springs Fire Case Study Residential Board and Care Gwinnett CountyOne FatalityRock Springs Fire
8 Who Inspects CLA’s? Do we treat them like Residential Board and Care? Does your jurisdiction inspect at seven clients? Like the state (Title 25) for Personal Care Facilities?Does your jurisdiction inspect at four clients? Like the Life Safety Code for Residential Board and Care?Does your jurisdiction inspect all CLA’s? Two or more clients like ?Opinion: Because the clients are often dependent on Staff Training, Drills, Construction, and Fire Protection Systems, to survive a fire, all CLA’s should be inspected by the AHJ, including very small facilities.
9 Who Inspects CLA’s?DCH requires fire inspections prior to licensing CLA’s.Who inspects them if not the AHJ?DCH keeps a list of fire inspectors who have provided their credentials.Clients are to contact an inspector from the list if the AHJ does not inspect the facility.Inspectors are Private Contractors with the CLA.Side Question: The same processis used for Res. B&C under 7, orunder 4, depending on jurisdiction.If less than 4 clients, what code isused to perform the inspection?
10 CLA - Life Safety Code Application 1-4 CLA Residents - LSC Chapter 24One and Two Family Dwellings/Community Living Arrangements (as modified by )New and Existing FacilitiesNew Section 24.4 Community Living ArrangementsAdded byRequirements in addition to Chapter 24 for CLA’s.
11 CLA - Life Safety Code Application New Facilities 5 or More Residents.LSC Chapter 32 (as modified by )5-6 CLA Residents – Section 32.2 Small Facilities7 or More Residents – Section 32.3 Large FacilitiesAll Facilities – Sections 32.1, 32.4, & 32.7.All CLA’s (Small and Large) – New Section 32.5Added byRequirements in addition to Chapter 32 for CLA’sIf Conflicts, Section 32.5 Prevails
12 Life Safety Code Application Existing Facilities 5 or More Residents.LSC Chapter 33 (as modified by )5-6 CLA Residents – Section 33.2 Small Facilities7 or More Residents – Section 33.3 Large FacilitiesAll Facilities – Sections 33.1, 33.4, & 33.7.All CLA’s (Small and Large) – New Section 33.5Added byRequirements in addition to Chapter 33 for CLA’sIf Conflicts, Section 33.5 Prevails
13 How Many Facilities?DCH Regulations Limit CLA’s to 6 Clients (Exceptions)Most CLA’s have 4 or less residents. (Chapter 24)19 Licensed for 5 residents.6 Licensed for 6 residents.1 Licensed for 9 residents.As of October 20, 2014
14 Future Code Modifications? Many similarities in Sections 24.4, 32.5 and 33.5.Some discussion, and a possibility of,Placing all CLA Requirements in Chapter 24.To simplify!Possible Change
15 NFPA 101, Chapter 24 (CLA) 120-3-3 Modifications Needed CorrectionModificationsNew Title: One and Two Family Dwellings/ Community Living ArrangementsAdd New : Establishes life safety requirements for CLA’s for 1 through 4 individuals…Add New : New Subclass, CLA’s with 1-4* residents, shall meet the requirements for 1&2 Family Dwellings and,The additional requirements of (new) Section 24.4.* CLA’s licensed for more, but currently with only 1 resident.
16 NFPA 101, Chapter 24 24.2 Means of Escape Requirements Chapter 7 Shall Not apply…Means of Escape: … Does not conform to the strict definition of Means of Egress but does provide an alternate way out.
17 Means of Escape 18.104.22.168 Door, Stairway, or Ramp Primary Means of EscapeDoor, Stairway, or RampProviding a means of unobstructed travelTo the outside,At street or finished ground level.
18 Means of Escape 22.214.171.124 Door, Stairway, Passage, or Hall, Secondary Means of EscapeDoor, Stairway, Passage, or Hall,Through an adjacent non-lockable space,Independent and remote of the PrimaryTo street or ground level
19 Means of Escape 126.96.36.199.3 Outside Window or Door Secondary Means of EscapeOutside Window or DoorOperable from the inside without tools, keys, or special effort.Meets dimensional and other criteria.
20 NFPA 101, Chapter 24Sleeping Rooms and Living areas shall have at least one primary and one secondary Means of Escape.Deletes (2)Allowed an exception to the Secondary Means of Egress in sprinklered buildings.Only remaining exception is a door leading directly to the outside at, or to ground level.
21 NFPA 101, Chapter 24(new) Doors in Means of Escape in CLA’s must be 32” wide.Closet door latches open from the inside…Bathroom doors open from the outside…No door in any means of escape shall be locked against egress when the building is occupied.
22 NFPA 101, Chapter 24Sprinklers – All New CLA’s are Required to be Sprinklered per SFMO.Not Modified byAll new one and two family dwellings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system…13R and 13D OKDiscussion about a Mod. Specifying all CLA’s …PossibleChange
23 NFPA 101, Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5additions in each chapter, (24.4 and 32/33.5) specifically for CLA’s, are almost the same.Refer to the Comparison Chart for details.There are 26 CLA’s State Wide that fall into Chapters 32 & 33. (5 or more Clients)One “Large Facility” under 32/33.3. (more than 6)Most are 1-4 residents and covered in Chapter 24.
24 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 Comparison General Requirements in 24.4 & 32/33.5 are in addition to the applicable requirements in each Chapter.This section will prevail if conflicts.
28 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 Comparison Bedrooms – Separation Separated from halls, Corridors, and other rooms.½ hour Fire-Resistance Rating.Sleeping Rooms 1 ¾ in. Solid-bonded Wood Core Doors.Vision Panels, Wired Glass.
29 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 Comparison Bedrooms Below Ground Not more than ½ room height below ground level.Adequate natural light and ventilation.Two useful means of egress. (Escape?)
30 Bedroom doors capable of closing. Doors not less than 32 In. Wide Sections 24.4, 32.5, & ComparisonBedroom doors capable of closing. Doors not less than 32 In. Wide
31 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 ComparisonResidents needing assistance with ambulation:Bedrooms with access to a ground level exit to the outside, or,Bedrooms above ground level with access to exits with ramps or lifts.
32 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 ComparisonBedrooms may have locks on doors provided:Occupants and staff have keys.Double cylinder locks (keys on both sides) are prohibited.Exterior doors equipped with locks that do not require keys to open the door from the inside.Gwinnett Rock Springs Fire – May have made a difference.
33 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 ComparisonA fire alarm Meeting the minimum requirements for Single and Multiple Station alarms and Household fire alarm systems per NFPA 72 shall be installed.
34 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 Comparison Chapter 29 in NFPA 72 NFPA 72, Household Fire Alarm System:System of Devices,Including a Fire Alarm Control Unit,To produce an alarm signal in the household,To notify residents to evacuate.
35 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 ComparisonSmoke alarms in accordance with NFPA 101,All levels, including basements but excluding crawl spaces and unfinished attics.Additional smoke alarms for living areas.Strobe alarms as needed.
37 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 ComparisonPortable Fire Extinguishers in accordance withAt least on 2A rated ABC extinguisher on each occupied floor.Inspected and Maintained Annually by licensed company.Monthly inspection by Staff.
38 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & ComparisonPortable space heaters not allowed. Fixed screens used with fireplaces, stoves, and fixed heaters.
39 Water Temperature Monitor or scald valve as needed. (120 Degrees) Sections 24.4, 32.5, & Comparison.Water Temperature Monitor or scald valve as needed. (120 Degrees)
40 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 Comparison 188.8.131.52 Staffing “The CLA shall have as many qualified and trained employees on duty as shall be needed to safeguard properly the health, safety, and welfare of residents and ensure the provision of services the residents require to be delivered in the CLA.”
41 DCH Rules and Regulations Staffing“The CLA shall have as many qualified and trained employees on duty as shall be needed to safeguard properly the health, safety, and welfare of residents and ensure the provision of services the residents require to be delivered in the CLA.”“The Community Living arrangement must maintain a staffing ratio sufficient to ensure that all residents can be evacuated from the residence within three minutes.”
42 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 ComparisonStaff Shall be TrainedShow competence in Fire Safety and Evacuation Procedures.Residents shall not be considered Staff.Training shall comply with IFC Chapter 4 . (As Modified)New in !
43 IFC Chapter 4 (120-3-3 Modifications) 404.2 (9) Group R-3 care facilities where required by the AHJ.Care Giver Training.5 Hour Initial Fire Safety Training…For all Administrators, Directors, Operators, and Staff…… Community Living Arrangements …Curriculum and instructors approved by SFMO…Within 90 Days of Licensing…5 Hour Initial Training, 2 Hour Refresher every 3 Years.Previously only applied to Day-Care Centers
44 Sections 24.4, & 33.5 ComparisonEvacuation Capabilities (1-4) andAll Facilities 1-4 ResidentsExisting Facilities, 5-6 ResidentsCLA shall maintain a staffing ratio to ensure that all residents can meet a prompt (3 minutes or less) evacuation capability,
45 Sections 24.4, & 33.5 ComparisonResidents who cannot … shall be provided with a minimum of one dedicated employee whose primary responsibility is to provide evacuation of the resident…The dedicated employee shall be in close attendance at all times.
46 Sections 32.5 ComparisonEvacuation Capabilities.New Facilities, 5 or More“Prompt” or “Three Minutes” Not SpecifiedDiscussions to change to match others since DCA specifies three minutes for all CLA’s.CLA shall maintain a staffing ratio to ensure that all residents can,successfully respond to a fire or other emergencyusing self- preservation or assisted preservation measures.(Defined In (5))PossibleChange
47 Sections 32.5 ComparisonEvacuation Capabilities (New Facilities)Residents who cannot … shall be provided with a minimum of one dedicated employee whose primary responsibility is to provide evacuation of the resident…The dedicated employee shall be in close attendance at all times.
48 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 Comparison Fire Drills Conducted Quarterly on Each ShiftTwo per Year During Sleeping HoursDocumented – Including Staff Involved.Per IFC Chapter 4 (As modified by )
49 Sections 24.4, 32.5, & 33.5 ComparisonProcedures. Established (written) Procedures For:Alerting and Caring for Residents in EmergenciesEvacuating Residents to SafetyEvacuation Plan with Clear InstructionsEach Sleeping Room Shall Have a Secondary Exit (should be) Means of Escape.May be a Door or Window.Per IFC Chapter 4 (As modified by )PossibleCorrection
52 Sprinklers in CLA’s 1-4 Residents (New) All new one and two family dwellings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with(Effective after )
53 Sprinklers in CLA’s 1-4 Residents Existing CLA’s with 1-4 – requirements at the time of approval. Not required in NFPA 101 (2000 ed.)SFMO Considering modification to “All CLA’s” or “All CLA’s approved after ”.PossibleChange
54 Sprinklers in New CLA’s 5-6 Residents All facilities, other than those meeting the requirement of , shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system, installed in accordance with , using quick response or residential sprinklers.In conversions, sprinklers shall not be required in small board and care homes serving six or fewer residents, when all occupants have theability as a group to move readily to apoint of safety within 3 minutes.
55 Sprinklers in New CLA’s 7 or More All buildings shall be protected throughout by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with (1) and provided with quick-response or residential sprinklers throughout .(1) Full NFPA 13 system.
56 Sprinklers in Existing CLA’s 5-6 Residents (as modified by ) All slow and impractical evacuation capability facilities shall be protected throughout by an approved, supervised, automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance withAttics used for Living, Storage, or Fuel Fired Equipment must be sprinklered.Other Attics: Heat Detection, or Sprinklers, or Limited or Non-combustible Construction, or Fire-Retardant-Treated Wood.
57 Sprinklers in Existing CLA’s 7 or More Most existing large facilities require sprinklers from past SFMO rules and regulations. May depend on dates.NFPA 101 (2000) required new large facilities to be sprinklered.requires existing “Impractical” Facilities to be sprinklered, however, an inadvertant SFMO Modification may remove the requirement from NFPA 101 (2012).PossibleCorrection
58 Additional Sprinkler Requirements Numerous related requirements and exceptions.Numerous requirements for ITM of systems in Small Facilities that are normally found in NFPA 25.Hybrid coverage of attics, bathrooms, and closets.Do very thoughtful plan review for sprinkler requirements.
60 Summary New Occupancy Classification Code with modifications can be very confusing.May need to bolster sprinkler requirements with local ordinance. (but…)The residents of CLA’s can be one of our most vulnerable populations.Additional safeguards have been put in place by the SFMO and DCH.CLA’s need the local AHJ to conduct legitimate inspections.
61 Thanks To! United Cerebral Palsy Diane Wilush Executive Director United Cerebral Palsy of GeorgiaUnited Cerebral Palsy of South Carolina