Presentation on theme: "Myers-Briggs Type Indicator An Introduction. Origins of Myers-Briggs Based on the work of Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, who presented his psychological."— Presentation transcript:
Origins of Myers-Briggs Based on the work of Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, who presented his psychological type theory in his book Psychological Types (published 1921, translated into English 1923) Katherine Briggs and Isabel Briggs-Myers created the MBTI to make Jung’s theory understandable by and accessible to the general public.
What Myers-Briggs Is Assessment An indicator—not a test, so there are no right or wrong answers or good or bad types Looks only at normal behavior Describes 4 aspects of people’s nature Used by most Fortune 100 companies Administered more than 2 million times a year in 30+ languages in 70+countries Aids in relationships, self- understanding, leadership, decision making… Usage
Nature vs. Nurture Nature Includes inborn tendencies and inherited characteristics Includes family, cultural, and environmental influences Nurture Terms used by experts to explain personality Jung believed BOTH play a role in adult personality development, but type was designed to measure NATURE only.
What Myers-Briggs Is Not Intelligence Maturity Emotions IQ Development Stress Trauma Emotional Health Myers-Briggs does not measure: Myers-Briggs also does not tell you what you can and cannot do!!
Handedness Exercise Use your preferred hand to sign your name on a sheet of paper. Now use your other hand to sign your name on a sheet of paper, and compare. We can accomplish the task of signing our names with either hand, but the preferred hand will always be more natural, comfortable, and automatic.
Jung’s Theory We will look at four pairs of opposites—like our right and left hands. We all use both sides of each pair, but one is our natural preference. Jung believed that our preferences do not change; they stay the same over our lifetime. What changes is how we use our preferences, the environment’s impact on how our types manifest, and often the accuracy with which we can measure the preferences.
For the Visual Learners… Energy Introversion Extraversion Judgment Feeling Thinking Perception Intuition Sensing Organization Perceiving Judging
Extraversion and Introversion EI The direction in which we focus our attention and energy and how we gain mental energy
People who Prefer… Extraversion Focus their energy and attention outward Are interested in the world of people and things, and enjoy interacting with it Often think as they speak Tell you about themselves openly Give breadth to life Can seem shallow and intruding to introverts Focus their energy and attention inward Are interested in the inner world of thoughts and reflections, and enjoy interacting with it Tend to think before speaking Need to know a person before opening up Give depth to life Can seem withdrawn and secretive to extraverts Introversion
Key Words Extraversion Action Outward People Interaction Many Expressive Do-Think-Do Reflection Inward Privacy Concentration Few Quiet Think-Do-Think Introversion
It’s All About Preference We all do Extraverted and Introverted things. But we usually do not do them with equal comfort. Most of us have a preference for one over the other.
Where Do You Fit? Given the choice, which do you prefer: Extraversion or Introversion? ExtraversionIntroversion
Sensing and Intuition SN The way we take in information and the kind of information we like and trust
People who Prefer… Sensing Prefer to take in information using their five senses and past experiences Like facts and details and use them to see the overall design Are practical and realistic Live in the present, the here and now Like set procedures and established routines May seem materialistic and overly literal to intuitives Go beyond what is real or concrete and focus on meaning, associations, and relationships See patterns and meaning in information and like overviews Are conceptual, abstract, and imaginative Live in future possibilities Like new ideas and ways of doing things May seem like impractical dreamers to sensors Intuition
Sensing types will often list objects in the picture (calendar, cow, couple, hen, golden egg) Intuitive types will often report the overall feel of the picture (happy surprise, people look shocked, little farm town) What do you see in this picture? For the Visual Learners… 34567891021 SN
Key Words Sensing Facts Realistic Specific Present Keep Practical What is Ideas Imaginative General Future Change Theoretical What could be Intuitition
It’s All About Preference We all do Sensing and Intuitive things. But we usually do not do them with equal comfort. Most of us have a preference for one over the other.
Where Do You Fit? Given the choice, which do you prefer: Sensing or Intuition? SensingIntuition
Thinking and Feeling TF The process we use to make decisions and the way we organize and prioritize information
People who Prefer… Thinking Make their decisions based on impersonal, objective logic Focus on problems and tasks When required, can fire or reprimand people Believe fairness, justice, and equitability are very important May seem cold and detached to Feeling types Use a person-centered, values-based process Focus on relationships Have difficulty telling people unpleasant things Believe fairness means treating each individual as a whole person May seem overly emotional & irrational to Thinking types Feeling
TERRIBLE!! My boss yelled at me because I turned my work in 5 minutes late, and I have way too much to do, and I’m so frustrated because I don’t want her to think I am a bad employee, and I think she hates me! Aww, I’m so sorry you’re upset. I’m here if you need an ear to listen, a shoulder to cry on, or anything else… For the Visual Learners… FT What has caused this person to become upset, and how can it be reasonably fixed? How was your day today? Huh?????? Um… Ok…??? My time management skills are fine, and I can handle my work load!! I know everything will be ok… I just had a really bad day, and I need to vent. I don’t need you to fix it… Maybe it would be a good idea to look at how you manage your time so that you don’t get your work in late again, and perhaps you could talk to her about your work load if it is still too much after that.
Key Words Thinking Head Distant Things Objective Critique Analyze Firm but fair Heart Personal People Subjective Praise Understand Merciful Feeling
It’s All About Preference We all do Thinking and Feeling things. But we usually do not do them with equal comfort. Most of us have a preference for one over the other.
Where Do You Fit? Given the choice, which do you prefer: Thinking or Feeling? ThinkingFeeling
Judging and Perceiving JP How we organize our environment and how we plan and complete tasks
People who Prefer… Judging Want the external world to be organized and orderly Look at the world and see decisions that need to be made Like getting things settled and finished Like to plan ahead to avoid a rush Often cling to plans and dislike interruptions, even for important matters May make decisions too quickly May seem rigid, demanding and inflexible to Perceiving types Seek to experience the world, not organize it Look at the world and see options that need to be explored Like to leave things open, gather more information Tend to think there is plenty of time Often have many unfinished projects and have trouble planning May have trouble deciding May seem disorganized and irresponsible to Judging types Perceiving
Key Words Judging Organized Decision Control Now Closure Deliberate Plan Flexible Information Experience Later Options Spontaneous Wait Perceiving
It’s All About Preference We all do Judging and Perceiving things. But we usually do not do them with equal comfort. Most of us have a preference for one over the other.
Where Do You Fit? Given the choice, which do you prefer: Judging or Perceiving? JudgingPerceiving
Now…. You should have chosen one letter from each of the following options to give you a Self- Estimate Type. E or I S N T F J P
The 16 Types ISTJISFJINFJINTJ ISTPISFPINFPINTP ESTPESFPENFPENTP ESTJESFJENFJENTJ
Levels of Confidence in Personal Type True Type Best Fit Type Self Estimate and Reported Type
Expectations 2 / 3 – 3 / 4 of any group will agree with their reported type and the general description of their type. When people disagree, it’s usually on one preference—and often one on which they had a “slight” result. When people report having changed type, it is likely that they have had an incorrect administration—the “mind-setting” was not done properly, resulting in the reporting of “work type” or “ideal self.”
I Hope You Have Enjoyed Learning About Type Today "The great events of world history are, at bottom, profoundly unimportant. In the last analysis, the essential thing is the life of the individual. This alone makes history, here alone do the great transformations first take place, and the whole future, the whole history of the world, ultimately spring as a gigantic summation from these hidden sources in individuals. In our most private and most subjective lives we are not only the passive witnesses of our age, and its sufferers, but also its makers. We make our own epoch." ~ C.G. Jung