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EELE 367 – Logic Design Module 2 – Modern Digital Design Flow Agenda 1.History of Digital Design Approach 2.HDLs 3.Design Abstraction 4.Modern Design Steps.

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Presentation on theme: "EELE 367 – Logic Design Module 2 – Modern Digital Design Flow Agenda 1.History of Digital Design Approach 2.HDLs 3.Design Abstraction 4.Modern Design Steps."— Presentation transcript:

1 EELE 367 – Logic Design Module 2 – Modern Digital Design Flow Agenda 1.History of Digital Design Approach 2.HDLs 3.Design Abstraction 4.Modern Design Steps 5.Implementation Options (FPGAs)

2 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 2 History In the beginning… 1970's - designers used Paper/Pencil & Boolean Equations to create schematics - the drawback : - each flop required a Boolean equation - impractical in large designs 1980's - schematic based designs using electronic editors - this enabled Copy/Past & Hierarchy - Design-reuse was enabled which increased design sizes mid 80's - HDL's became more common (created mid 80's) - Text-based Compilers (C, PASCAL) could be adapted to perform digital simulation - Larger Designs could be described using text Simulation Physical Implementation Design Still separate

3 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 3 History More recently 1990's - Synthesis became practical due to increase in computational power of computers Synthesis - the creation of circuitry from a functional description ex) "Functional Description of MUX" if (Sel = 0) Out = A else Out = B Synthesis A B Out Sel

4 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 4 HDL Real Power 1990's - Now engineers had a power combination "Synthesis" A B Out Sel "HDL" if (Sel = 0) Out = A else Out = B "Simulation"

6 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 6 HDL Timing Verification - Let the tool "Verify" timing - Less time spent prepping design for a prototyping run Functional Simulation Synthesis HDL Technology Mapping Place/Route (extract RC's) Post Implementation Simulation Match? Fab

7 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 7 Design Abstraction At What level can we design?

8 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 8 Design Abstraction What does abstraction give us? - The higher in abstraction we go, the more complex & larger the system becomes - But, we let go over the details of how it performs (speed, fine tuning) - There are engineering jobs at each level - Guru's can span multiple levels What does VHDL model? - System : Chip : Register : Gate - VHDL let's us describe systems in two ways: 1) Structural (text netlist) 2) Behavioral (requires synthesis)

9 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 9 Modern Digital Design Flow Designing Large Digital Circuits - this is the ideal process

10 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 10 Digital Design Flow Designing Large Digital Circuits - this is reality

11 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 11 Digital Design Flow A More Detailed Breakdown Relation to our class HW or Lab Assignment Write VHDL, Simulate with ModelSim Synthesize in Quartus, Run Timing Simuluation Place/Route on FPGA, Download, Test Take idea, create custom HW to reduce cost start your own company sell and become rich

12 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 12 Digital Implementation What options do we have for hardware implementation? - Discrete Devices (i.e., go to the stock room and buy NAND gates & Flip-flops) - ASICs (Application Specific Integrated Circuits (custom silicon) - Programmable Logic (CPLDs, FPGAs) FPGAs have become one of the most popular technologies recently - We’ll use an FPGA in this class to test our designs - We’ll use the ModelSim simulator for functional simulation - We’ll use the Altera Quartus II design software for synthesis, place/route, and post-synthesis verification. - We’ll use an Altera Cyclone II FPGA on a DE2 evaluation board to test our designs in hardware.

13 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 13 FPGA's What is an FPGA Field Programmable Gate Array An FPGA uses Re-configurable Logic Blocks - we set the config bits of this block to set its Boolean logic function - the configuration is a Truth Table (or Look Up Table) of functionality Out In1 In2 config config Out 000 NOT(In1) 001 NOT(In2) 010 OR 011 NOR 100 AND 101 NAND 110 XOR 111 XNOR

14 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 14 FPGA's LUTs = Look Up Tables - we can program the LUTs to be whatever type of gate is needed by the design - there are a finite number of LUTs within a given FPGA (also called "resources") The LUTs are configured into an ARRAY on the silicon - Array of LUT's = Array of Gates = Gate Array Out In1 In2 config Out In1 In2 config Out In1 In2 config Out In1 In2 config Out In1 In2 config Out In1 In2 config Out In1 In2 config Out In1 In2 config Out In1 In2 config

15 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 15 FPGA's Programmable Interconnect - there are programmable interconnect switches that connect the LUTs LUT X X X X X X X X X X X X XXX XX

16 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 16 FPGA's Configuration - We start with a Gate Level Schematic of our design (from synthesis) - The FPGA LUTs are configured to implement Gates LUT X X X X X X X X X X X X XXX XX

17 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 17 FPGA's Configuration - The interconnect switches are then programmed to implement the net connections LUT INVORLUTINVANDLUT X X X X X X X X X X X X XXX XX A B C Out

18 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 18 FPGA's Configuration - The LUT and Interconnect configuration is volatile (i.e., it goes away when power is removed) - Since the programming is done by the user after fabrication, we call it "Field Programmable” - We now understand where the name “Field Programmable Gate Array” comes from. LUT INVORLUTINVANDLUT X X X X X X X X X X X X XXX XX A B C Out

19 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 19 FPGA's Adding More Functionality - FPGA manufacturer's quickly learned that Flip-Flops would be useful - They put a DFF next to a 4-Input LUT to form a "Configurable Logic Block" (CLB) CLB X X X XX

20 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 20 FPGA's Adding Even More Functionality - To Improve performance, common logic functions were "hard coded" on the silicon - Block RAM - Adders / Multipliers - Global Clock Buffers - even Microprocessors!

21 Module 2: Modern Digital Design Flow 21 FPGA's What else can we program? - Which Pins to use on the package - What logic levels - CMOS_33, CMOS25 - SSTL, SSTL2, etc…


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