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Webinar CCCU – November 17, 2011 Dr. Jim Mannoia Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission.

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Presentation on theme: "Webinar CCCU – November 17, 2011 Dr. Jim Mannoia Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission."— Presentation transcript:

1 Webinar CCCU – November 17, 2011 Dr. Jim Mannoia Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission

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3 3 What does a student “get” from a Christian Liberal Arts education that they could not get elsewhere? How is teaching at a Christian liberal arts institution different…  From a secular research university?  From a secular liberal arts college?  From a Bible School?  From a Seminary?

4 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 4 Secular PLUS… “Sprinkling Holy Water” It is education like elsewhere….PLUS:  Statement of faith  Prayer before class  Required chapel  Lifestyle expectations  Christian faculty modeling Christian virtues

5 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 5 Twin Dilemma:  Students/parents expect education to be practical Teaches skills, helps get a job,  Christian education should be personal Educates the whole person, teaches Christian values Twin Responses: Christian education does both!  Instrumental Value – Gives us tools Does something FOR the student…helps them learn to DO  Intrinsic Value – Shapes character Does something TO the student…helps them learn to BE

6 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 6 “Liberal Arts” misunderstood:  “Left wing” and “painting”  What you do when you don’t know what to do  Impractical….in a day of job & career focus!  The foundation: “You get it over with.”  General broad studies…& NOT sciences “Liberating Education” may be helpful:  Liberation is Biblical (Isaiah 61, Luke 4)  Liberation is FROM something & TO something

7 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission Liberating Education Twin Values:Liberation FROM:Liberation TO: 7

8 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission Liberating Education Twin Values:Liberation FROM:Liberation TO: #1: Instrumental Narrow Training  INTEGRATIVE THINKING 8

9 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission Liberating Education Twin Values:Liberation FROM:Liberation TO: #1: Instrumental Narrow Training  INTEGRATIVE THINKING #2: Intrinsic Narrow Attitude  CRITICAL COMMITMENT 9

10 TWIN VALUE #1 – Christian Liberating Education 10

11 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 11 Integrative Thinking is…Liberation Narrow Breadth Narrow Depth Shallow Thinking Dabbling “Pre”-discipline Overspecialized Thinking Training/Skills “Mere” discipline Integrative Thinking FROMTO AND FROM

12 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 12 Integrative Thinking (Real world problems) Advanced Basic NarrowBroad General Education: (First year seminars) General Education: Distribution: (Introduction to X) Undergraduate Major Graduate Studies

13 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 13 Integrative Thinking Theory & Praxis Multiple Disciplines Values Addresses: Real World Problems

14 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission Addressing Real World problems effectively always 1. Requires attention to more than one discipline. (Called Interdisciplinary or Multidisciplinary Studies) (NOT "pre-disciplinary!") 2. Draws on our values…both moral and spiritual. Our perspectives & solutions are always informed by our ethics & our “theology.” (Traditional "Faith/Learning integration") 3. Attends to both theoretical & practical matters. (Sometimes called "Faith/Learning/Living" integration)

15 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission Examples:  Terrorism : Religion, Poli Sci, Psychology, Sociology, History, Economics, Biology, Chemistry, Education….  Environment : Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Religion, Poli Sci, Sociology, Communications, Literature, Math….  Violence : Sociology, Economics, Religion, Psychology, Biology, Chemistry, Communication…  Poverty : Sociology, Economics, Literature, Religion, Medicine…  Health Care : Poli Sci, Biology, Sociology, Economics…

16 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 16 Terrorism  How can a sociologist and a psychologist working together shed light on why some people become terrorists? (MD)  How could a Christian and Muslim theologian working together help reduce terrorism? (FL+TP)  How could chemists, political scientists, sociologists, & psychologists working together improve travel safety without violating legal rights and human dignity? (MD + FL)  What role do media play in fomenting terrorism, quelling terrorist risks, and nurturing freedom? (MD + TP)

17 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 17 Personal one for me… How can a Christian theologian, historian, political scientist, and teacher shape a curriculum for Muslim students that shows how the structures of western liberal democracy and market economics reflect Christian assumptions about the fallen nature of humanity?

18 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 18 What skills [competencies] and dispositions [character] are most important for people to have in order to be positive forces in the workplace and community? I say “INTEGRATIVE SKILLS” and “CRITICAL COMMITMENT” CONTENTCOMPETENCECHARACTER CULTURAL CORETRANSFERABLE DISTRIBUTION Reading Writing Thinking Speaking Research Collaboration Cross Cultural INTEGRATIVE

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20 TWIN VALUE #2 – Christian Liberating Education 20

21 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 21 Liberating Education Twin Values:Liberation FROM:Liberation TO: Instrumental Narrow Training  INTEGRATIVE THINKING Intrinsic Narrow Attitude  CRITICAL COMMITMENT

22 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 22 B & W Thinking Dogmatic Grey Thinking Sceptical Paradoxical Thinking Passionate & Humble Cognitive Development Moral & Faith development parallels Specific taxonomy less important than the idea of progression. (Piaget, Perry, Kohlberg, Gilligan, Parks, Fowler….)

23 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 23 Critical commitment is…Liberation Narrow Scepticism Narrow Dogmatism “Black & White” Thinking “I have the truth!” “Grey” Thinking “Everyone’s opinion’s equal” FROM TO AND FROM

24 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission FROM Narrow Attitudes …both Dogmatism & Scepticism TO Critical Commitment 24 What is it? Paradoxical Hard to understand, explain, teach… Passionate NOT wishy-washy, afraid to take a stand, relativistic, subjectivist or non- cognitive in meta-ethic, making tolerance the only value. BUT authentic, unafraid, confident, affirming of Truth as a Person Humble NOT argumentative, judgmental, arrogant, pat, self-protective… BUT gracious, nuanced, listening, respectful, open, aware of limits

25 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission FROM Narrow Attitudes …both Dogmatism & Scepticism TO Critical Commitment How do we do it? By Balancing …. Nurturing – Through Community We create environments of safety Stretching – Through Diversity We intentionally push out of comfort zones An ANALOGY: Athletes & Coaches.. ambassadors for liberation 25

26 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission No Pain…No Gain 26 Stretching…..! Nurturing…..!

27 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission FROM Narrow Attitudes …both Dogmatism & Scepticism TO Critical Commitment 27 How do we do it? By Responding…to Risks …..Education IS risky business Threats …..From the left and from the right (Neither science NOR faith is “objective”… ….both involve “interpretation”) An ANALOGY: The Exodus

28 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 28 Dualistic B & W Thinking Dogmatic Relativistic Grey Thinking Sceptical Critical Commitment Passionate & Humble EgyptWilderness Promised Land

29 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission FROM Narrow Attitudes …both Dogmatism & Scepticism TO Critical Commitment How do we do it? Practical Matters….Implementing stretching + nurture 1. Cross Cultural experiences (Diversity/Dissonance) (Plus the value for instrumental value #1) 2. Seamless curricular/co-curricular programming (Colloquia/Chapel) that takes students out of comfort 3. Cross-disciplinary courses & communication (jargon bridging)(Plus value for instrumental value #1) 4. Support for students 5. Faculty development in developmental thinking (“coaching” model) 6. Faculty incentives 29

30 Christian Liberating Education 30

31 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 31 Integrative Thinking:  It is practical… …….the most practical education!  It is Christian… …….Jesus served large real world needs! Critical Commitment:  It is good… …….a mark of mature humanity!  It is Christian… …….Jesus is Truth but embodied humility

32 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission 32 What skills [competencies] and dispositions [character] are most important for people to have in order to be positive forces in the workplace and community? I say “INTEGRATIVE SKILLS” and “CRITICAL COMMITMENT” CONTENTCOMPETENCECHARACTER CULTURAL CORETRANSFERABLEVIRTUES DISTRIBUTION Reading Responsibility Writing Integrity Thinking Mercy Speaking Justice Research …......etc. Collaboration Cross Cultural INTEGRATIVECRITICAL COMMITMENT

33 33 Dr. Jim Mannoia

34 1. Explain what it means to say Christian higher education is different from secular higher education partly it is as interested in being as in doing. 2. Give a definition for Christian liberal arts or Christian liberating education. 3. Explain how when compared to secular education, Christian higher education may be not only more practical preparation for career, but also personally more transforming. 4. Write one good integrative question for one/each course that you will be teaching next year. 5. List 3 current major world problems and explain why addressing them well requires more than narrow disciplinary skills, and even more than interdisciplinary skills. 6. Give an example of intellectual, moral, and spiritual growth. 7. Identify one example of intentional moral or spiritual “stretching” and one of “nurturing” that promotes personal development in each of the courses you teach, in your department, in your institution’s general education and co- curriculum. 8. Give an example of what it means to be critically committed and explain. Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission

35 35 Integrative Thinking: HOW?

36 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission Christian Education….. FROM Narrow Thinking (both types) TO Integrative Thinking i. What is it? ii. How do we do it? 1. Tackling REAL WORLD PROBLEMS 2. 3-legged approach 3. Diversity & Community 36

37 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission HOW? Practical Matters: Major + 3 part Gen Ed: A. Content: Distribution  Broader perspective (Elephant) B. Competencies Cross-curriculum: Transferable Skills  Read, Write, Think, Research, Collaborate C. Core: Focus on REAL WORLD PROBLEMS 1. Externships 2. Cross-cultural experiences 3. Team teaching vs. Turn teaching (Challenges of guild & $) 4. Capstones: In Majors AND General Education No apology needed! This can be the best possible “practical” education students can receive for the LONG term career of multiple jobs they will most certainly have. 37

38 Copyright 2011 – Not to be printed or republished without written permission External Defense: Skin (Campus Life expectations) Internal Defense: Immune System (Inoculations) Nurturing in community and Stretching by diversity is like… …..growing a healthy cell DUAL DEFENSES 38


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