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Mass Depopulation & Euthanasia Sheep & Goat Euthanasia.

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Presentation on theme: "Mass Depopulation & Euthanasia Sheep & Goat Euthanasia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mass Depopulation & Euthanasia Sheep & Goat Euthanasia

2 Euthanasia – Transitioning painlessly and stress-free as possible Mass Depopulation – Large numbers, quickly and efficiently – Consideration to welfare as practicable Terms used interchangeably here USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Euthanasia and Depopulation

3 May be practiced during an animal health emergency Goals of Euthanasia – Provide humane treatment – Select acceptable method – Minimize negative emotional impact – Safeguard food chain – Prevent or mitigate disease spread USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Euthanasia and Depopulation

4 Goal: Humane Treatment – Decrease animal stress, excitement – Conveyors, tunnel electrocution system – Do not force animals to travel quickly – Avoid electric prods Human body position Flight zones Flags, plastic paddles – Handle animals quietly USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Handling

5 Acceptable (noninhalant injectable) Barbiturates Barbiturate derivatives Conditionally Acceptable (physical) – Penetrating captive bolt – Gunshot Electrocution Carbon dioxide (sheep only) USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Euthanasia Methods

6 Usually impractical – Slow process – Expensive – Carcass disposal – Record keeping Consider if animal is a companion/hand raised USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Noninhalant Injectable

7 Use appropriate restraint to ensure personnel safety Bolt positioning – Polled animal – Horned animal Adjunct method available USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Physical- Captive Bolt

8 Conditionally acceptable – Species-appropriate ammunition, appropriate caliber weapon – Proper training, skills, experience Close range, same point of entry as captive bolt – Muzzle 2-10 inches from entry point – Mature goat brain is located much farther back than might be expected USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Physical- Gunshot

9 If used: – Electric current through brain to stun Ear to ear, poll to muzzle – Electric current through heart Sides of animal over heart USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Electrocution

10 Acceptable, but impractical euthanasia method – Extensive infrastructure needed Truck or tight room could be used as chamber, with careful planning USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Carbon Dioxide

11 Second shot IV potassium chloride or magnesium sulfate Pithing Exsanguination USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Adjunct Methods

12 Confirmation of death can be difficult – Sustained lack of heartbeat and respiration – Rigor mortis – Evaluate by competent, experienced personnel USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Confirmation of Death

13 FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines & SOP: Mass Depopulation and Euthanasia (MDE) (2011) – health/emergency_management/ health/emergency_management/ MDE web-based training module – USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat For More Information

14 Authors (CFSPH): Reneé Dewell DVM,MS Nichollette Rider, Veterinary Student Significant contributions to the content were provided by USDA APHIS VS: Lori P. Miller, PE Darrel K. Styles, DVM, PhD USDA APHIS and CFSPHFAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: MDE-Sheep & Goat Guidelines Content

15 Acknowledgments Development of this presentation was by the Center for Food Security and Public Health at Iowa State University through funding from the USDA APHIS Veterinary Services PPT Authors: Dawn Bailey, BS; Kerry Leedom Larson, DVM, MPH, PhD, DACVPM Reviewers: Glenda Dvorak, DVM, MPH, DACVPM: Cheryl L. Eia, JD, DVM, MPH, Patricia Futoma, BS, Veterinary Student, Reneé Dewell DVM,MS


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