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Chapter 16, Stephen P. Robbins, Mary Coulter, and Nancy Langton, Management, Ninth Canadian Edition Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education Canada 16-12 Stimulating.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 16, Stephen P. Robbins, Mary Coulter, and Nancy Langton, Management, Ninth Canadian Edition Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education Canada 16-12 Stimulating."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 16, Stephen P. Robbins, Mary Coulter, and Nancy Langton, Management, Ninth Canadian Edition Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education Canada Stimulating Innovation Creativity –The ability to combine ideas in a unique way or to make an unusual association Innovation –Turning the outcomes of the creative process into useful products, services, or work methods

2 Chapter 16, Stephen P. Robbins, Mary Coulter, and Nancy Langton, Management, Ninth Canadian Edition Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education Canada Exhibit 16.5 Systems View of Innovation Source: Adapted from R.W. Woodman, J.E. Sawyer, and R.W. Griffin, “Toward a Theory of Organizational Creativity,” Academy of Management Review, April 1993, p Inputs Creative individuals, groups, organizations Transformation Creative environment, process, situation Outputs Innovative product(s), work methods

3 Chapter 16, Stephen P. Robbins, Mary Coulter, and Nancy Langton, Management, Ninth Canadian Edition Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education Canada Exhibit 16.6 Innovation Variables STIMULATE INNOVATION Structural Variables Organic Structures Abundant Resources High Interunit Communication Minimal Time Pressure Work and Nonwork Support Human Resource Variables High Commitment to Training and Development High Job Security Creative People Cultural Variables Acceptance of Ambiguity Tolerance of the Impractical Low External Controls Tolerance of Risks Tolerance of Conflict Focus on Ends Open-System Focus Positive Feedback

4 Chapter 16, Stephen P. Robbins, Mary Coulter, and Nancy Langton, Management, Ninth Canadian Edition Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education Canada Creating the “Right” Environment for Innovation Structural Variables –Adopt an organic structure –Make available plentiful resources –Engage in frequent interunit communication –Minimize extreme time pressures on creative activities –Provide explicit support for creativity

5 Chapter 16, Stephen P. Robbins, Mary Coulter, and Nancy Langton, Management, Ninth Canadian Edition Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education Canada Creating the “Right” Environment for Innovation Cultural Variables –Accept ambiguity –Tolerate the impractical –Have low external controls –Tolerate risk taking –Tolerate conflict –Focus on ends rather than means –Develop an open-system focus –Provide positive feedback

6 Chapter 16, Stephen P. Robbins, Mary Coulter, and Nancy Langton, Management, Ninth Canadian Edition Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education Canada Creating the “Right” Environment for Innovation Human Resource Variables –Actively promote training and development to keep employees’ skills current –Offer high job security to encourage risk taking –Encourage individuals to be “champions” of change


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