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AUV Workbench: Integrated 3D for Interoperable Mission Rehearsal, Reality and Replay Jeffrey Weekley Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA USA

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Presentation on theme: "AUV Workbench: Integrated 3D for Interoperable Mission Rehearsal, Reality and Replay Jeffrey Weekley Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA USA"— Presentation transcript:

1 AUV Workbench: Integrated 3D for Interoperable Mission Rehearsal, Reality and Replay Jeffrey Weekley Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA USA

2 Overview Background XML Basics XML as a Common Ground for AUVs XML-based Tools The AUV Workbench Related Efforts Conclusion and Q&A

3 Background Multiple System Proliferating Data is ephemeral XML is a Best Business Practice Proprietary technologies vs. Open Standards

4 XML Basics The key to interoperability is structured data interchange. XML is for structuring data XML looks a bit like HTML XML is text, but isn't meant to be read XML is verbose by design XML is a family of technologies XML is new, but not that new XML leads HTML to XHTML XML is modular XML is the basis for RDF and the Semantic Web XML is license-free, platform-independent and well-supported

5 XML as a Common Ground for AUVs N 2 versus 2N System

6 AUV Tactical Markup Language Many AUVs and their systems share multiple characteristics In XML terms, these are called ‘Elements and Attributes’ Elements and Attributes not well defined for AUVs

7 XML Schema for AUVs Schemas describe the structure and constraining the contents of XML Applications read and understand Schemas Schemas greatly enhance the power of XML – Garbage in / Garbage Out No More!

8 - - - Start of defining data types - Defines valid absolute heading values - An Example of AUV Tactical Markup Language Value for Attribute

9 XFSP XML documents are verbose by design Their transmission in noisy environments is impractical XFSP is a general approach to binary serialization of XML well-suited for use with AUVs Suitable for message streams and large document transmission (even imagery)

10 A Simple Address Book Example John Doe Tag NameStart Tag NumberEnd Tag NumberData Type name1120SFString first2130SFString last3140SFString John Doe

11 Sample Compression Rates

12 Forward Error Correction (FEC) with Hamming Codes Forward Error Correction (FEC) increases the ability of a receiving station to correct a transmission error It allows a receiver-side error detection and correction without retransmission The serialization of XML makes implementing Hamming Codes for AUVs much more feasible

13 The AUV Workbench

14 Sample Mission Script position speed 700 thrusters-on standoff-distance.75 waypoint hover course 90 wait 10 waypoint hover course 180 wait 10 waypoint hover course 270 wait 10 hover course 0 wait 10 speed 0 thrusters-off

15 2D & 3D Mission Planner

16 Network Support for Distributed Simulations DIS is an IEEE Protocol Works over standard TCP/IP (The Web) Since DIS is an IEEE standard, anyone can have the standard and write an implementation.

17 Server-Side Support Information sent and received from a web server Centralized data allows for Data Control Analysis and Experimentation Multiple AUV and sytems data integration

18 Web-based Mission Replay

19 AUV Mission Replay in 3D

20 XML-based Tactical Chat (XTC) Chat has emerged as an important method for tactical communications, but… Commercial Chat clients not entirely appropriate for military environments Proprietary formats are inscrutable Commercial Chat clients do not conform to NMCI (DoN)

21 XML-based Tactical Chat Both data transmitted and protocols of XML-based Tactical Chat can be examined Images, sounds, text and video are possible Open standards – free to use, NMCI conformant Cross platform

22 Extensible Modeling and Simulation Framework (XMSF) Composable set of standards, profiles and recommended practices for web-based modeling & simulation (M&S) XMSF must enable simulations to interact directly and scalably over a highly distributed network Not be constrained by proprietary technology or legally encumbering patents

23 Conclusion Interoperability through open-standards Loosely coupled data Web-technologies Exemplars and Proof-of-concepts

24 Questions & Answers When open source and open standards, combine with best e-business practices, every effort then becomes related, synergies are created and tasks that once seem daunting, become achievable. For more information:


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