Presentation on theme: "Wimax (802.16) A Road to Mobile Life. Development of Wireless Communication Wi-MAX Introduction WiMAX Forum Technical specifications Network."— Presentation transcript:
Wimax (802.16) A Road to Mobile Life
Development of Wireless Communication Wi-MAX Introduction WiMAX Forum Technical specifications Network Architecture WiMAX Key Technology: OFDMA, TDD, MIMO Application Scenarios 2 TOPICS
Sridhar IyerIIT Bombay6 Wireless networks Wireless PANs (Bluetooth – IEEE ) very low range wireless connection to printers etc Wireless LANs (WiFi – IEEE ) infrastructure as well as ad-hoc networks possible home/office networking Multihop Ad hoc Networks useful when infrastructure not available, impractical, or expensive military applications, emergencies Wireless MANs (WiMAX ) –Similar to cellular networks –traditional base station infrastructure systems
Sridhar IyerIIT Bombay7
Sridhar IyerIIT Bombay8 WiMAX Goal: Provide high-speed Internet access to home and business subscribers, without wires. Base stations (BS) and subscriber stations (SS) Centralized access control to prevents collisions Supports applications with different QoS requirements WiMAX is a subset of IEEE standard
Sridhar IyerIIT Bombay9 IEEE standards (10-66 GHz, line-of-sight, up to 134Mbit/s) (minimizing interference between coexisting WMANs) a (2-11 Ghz, Mesh, non-line-of-sight) b (5-6 Ghz) c (detailed system profiles) P802.16e (Mobile Wireless MAN)
What is WiMAX WiMAX or “Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access” WiMAX has become a “most famous topic” in the wireless industry WiMAX is designed to provide “last-mile” or “backhaul” connectivity using wireless “Last-mile” refers to a wireless connection from a major trunk line to a business or residential user Using IEEE Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) standard, approved in January 2003, to provide operations in the <11GHz spectrum range 10
WiMAX Forum In April of 2001, the WiMAX forum is set up. This forum participates in authenticating the standardization and interoperability of the broadband radio access products based on IEEE and ETSI HiperMAN. This forum is organized by many radio communication equipment suppliers, component suppliers, operators, which is a nonprofit organization. In November of 2004, the Network Working Group (NWG) is set up, which participates in setting downing the network standards for the IEEE d and IEEE e.
IEEE Working Group In 1999, the IEEE working group is set up, which studies the broadband radio access technology standard. The aim of this group is IEEE Working Group to establish a global broadband radio access standard. This group sets down the broadband access system standards, including the air interface standards and associated standards. At the beginning of 2003, this group issues the a standard that defines the 2 GHz to 11 GHz NLOS fixed access system. On October 1 of 2004, this group issues the d fixed access standard. In the end of 2005, this group issues the e standard. Now, the e Release3 has been issued.
Introduction to IEEE Series SNTechnical Field GHz, fixed broadband wireless access system air standard a2-11 GHz fixed broadband wireless access system air standard cSupplementary provisions about the compatibility of GHz fixed broadband wireless access system d2-11 GHz fixed wireless access system air standard e2-11 GHz fixed and mobile broadband wireless access system air standard fFixed broadband wireless access system air interface MIB requirements g Fixed and mobile broadband wireless access system air interface management plane flow and service requirements d and e are two mainstream Um interface standards.
WiMAX Vision: Broadband Everywhere 16 BWA Operator Network Backbone INTERNET BACKBONE Mobile Backhaul 3 RESIDENTIAL & SoHo DSL LEVEL SERVICE d FRACTIONAL E1 for SMALL BUSINESS E1+ LEVEL SERVICE ENTERPRISE BACKHAUL for HOTSPOTS d H H H H H H H H H WMAN Nomadic Coverage --> handoff from HOT SPOTS 4 = wide area coverage outside of Hot Spots Mobility e
Access Service Network (ASN) The ASN consists of BS and ASN-GW. The ASN can access to multiple connectivity service networks (CSNs) and provide radio access service to the CSN of different network service providers (NSPs). The ASN manages the air interface of IEEE and provides radio access to the WiMAX subscribers.
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a multiplexing technique that subdivides the bandwidth into multiple frequency sub- carriers. In an OFDM system, the input data stream is divided into several parallel sub-streams and each sub-stream is modulated and transmitted on a separate orthogonal sub-carrier. It enables a large number of sub-carriers (up to 2048).
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) is a multiple- access/multiplexing scheme that provides multiplexing operation of data streams from multiple users onto the downlink sub-channels and uplink multiple accesses by means of uplink sub-channels.
TDD Frame Structure The e supports TDD operation; however the initial release of Mobile WiMAX certification profiles will only include TDD. With ongoing releases, FDD profiles will be considered by the WiMAX Forum to address specific market opportunities where local spectrum regulatory requirements either prohibit TDD or are more suitable for FDD deployments. TDD is the preferred duplexing mode for the following reasons: TDD enables adjustment of the downlink/uplink ratio to efficiently support asymmetric downlink/ uplink traffic, while with FDD, downlink and uplink always have fixed and generally, equal DL and UL bandwidths. TDD assures channel reciprocity for better support of link adaptation, MIMO and other closed loop advanced antenna technologies. Unlike FDD, which requires a pair of channels, TDD only requires a single channel for both downlink and uplink providing greater flexibility for adaptation to varied global spectrum allocations. Transceiver designs for TDD implementations are less complex and therefore less expensive.
Adaptive Modulation and Coding (AMC): Support for QPSK,16QAM & 64QAM are mandatory in the DL with Mobile WiMAX. Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ): supported by Mobile WiMAX. HARQ is enabled using “Stop and Wait” protocol which provides fast response to packet errors and improves cell edge coverage. A dedicated ACK channel is provided in the uplink for HARQ ACK/NACK signaling. Advanced Features of WiMAX Technology
MIMO: Smart antenna technologies typically involve complex vector or matrix operations on signals due to multiple antennas. OFDMA allows smart antenna operations to be performed. OFDMA is very well-suited to support smart antenna technologies. In fact, MIMO- OFDM/OFDMA has evolved as the corner-stone for next generation broadband communication systems.