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1 Crime Victims: An Introduction to Victimology Seventh Edition By Andrew Karmen Chapter Six: Victims and the Criminal Justice System: Cooperation and.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Crime Victims: An Introduction to Victimology Seventh Edition By Andrew Karmen Chapter Six: Victims and the Criminal Justice System: Cooperation and."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Crime Victims: An Introduction to Victimology Seventh Edition By Andrew Karmen Chapter Six: Victims and the Criminal Justice System: Cooperation and Conflict, Part 1: The Police

2 2 How the System Handles Victims  Criticisms: Box 6.1, page 146 –Police –Prosecutor –Judges –Corrections The system creates more conflict than resolution for victims

3 3 What Do Victims Want, Punishment or Restitution?  Three Goals –I. Punish offenders –II. Compel lawbreakers to undergo rehabilitative treatment –III. Repay victims for losses and injuries they suffered

4 4 What Do Victims Want?  I. Punishment –Retribution—morally sound practice –Make examples of criminal—provided deterrence theory really works –Incapacitate –Satisfies victim thirst for revenge –Prevents future vigilantism

5 5 What Do Victims Want?  Punishment continued—  Opponents of this utilitarian approach have documented that punishment: –Results in high rates of imprisonment –Is expensive –Is often impractical –Can be ineffective and even impractical

6 6 What Do Victims Want?  II. Rehabilitation –Some victims want professionals to help offenders become decent, productive, law abiding citizens. Do not want other victims. –Victims most likely to endorse rehabilitation if the offender was NOT a complete stranger. –Victims may become dismayed when “heavy handed” policies drive the offender to become more violent and attain new heights of antisocial conduct.

7 7 What Do Victims Want?  III. Restitution –Some victims want restitution rather than retribution or rehabilitation –Want to recoup losses and pay bills incurred as result of the crime –Loss of pay, medical expenses, household bills unpaid due to being out of work

8 8 Victims and the Police  Reporting Incidents –Combined reporting rate (NCVS) in 2006=41% of all crimes—Table 6.1, page 150 –Most likely to report crimes brandishing weapons, physical injuries, or substantial financial loss –Of the violent crimes, aggravated assaults are most often reported; rapes least often

9 9 Victims and the Police –Records indicate police are aware of 50% of violent crimes and 39% of property crimes in their jurisdiction –Citizens not required to inform authorities of crimes committed against them on their property. However, if they conspire or collaborate in a cover-up to conceal a serious crime, they can be charged with “misprision of a felony.”

10 10 Victims and the Police  Responding Quickly –Want police to respond quickly and apprehend offender –Calls are prioritized by dispatchers –Victims often call relatives or friends first –Sometimes there is a lag in time between the crime and its discovery –Witness verifies and renders needed assistance before calling police –Table 6.2, page 152 shows nationwide response times,

11 11 Victims and the Police  Police Investigating Complaints –Handling Victims with Care  Officers can seem disinterested, remote, unconcerned about plight of victim  Police sometime doubt the victim’s credibility and discontinue investigation  Emotional detachment is a necessary defense against burning out

12 12 Victims and the Police  Many police departments conducting training to assist officers with victim issues  Teach how to administer psychological first aid  Learning importance of responding quickly, listening attentively, showing concern and refraining from challenging the victim’s version

13 13 Victims and the Police  Complaints –Founded—verified by police –Unfounded—police reject claims –Defounded—police believe a crime occurred but not as serious as reported Police accused of misclassification of above to make statistics look better for themselves and department or workload too great

14 14 Victims and the Police  Investigating Complaints/Solving Crimes –Homicides—1/2 of all closed cases solved within a week. 93% of those solved are solved within a year. –Homicides: 61% overall cleared –Larceny—17% cleared successfully –Vehicle Theft—13% cleared successfully –Robberies—25% cleared –Rape—59% no attacker arrested –Aggravated Assault—46% no arrests made –See Table 6.3, page 159: Trends In Clearance Rates

15 15 Victims and the Police  Law enforcement has a duty to notify victim of their rights when complaint lodged  Victims expect police to keep them informed of investigative progress –34% of agg. assault victims advised of arrest while 54% of cases solved –13% of burglaries solved while only 7% of victims notified

16 16 Victims and the Police  Recovering Stolen Property—unlike clearance rates, no good data of recovery  Table 6.5, page 164 reflects Trends in Stolen Property Recovery Rates,  Data remains fairly consistent through the years  Recovered property often kept by police for evidence to be used in a trial

17 17 Victims and the Police  VICTIM-ORIENTED POLICE DEPT –A vital component of a Community Oriented Police Department –Police departments must consider a revamp of their operations and reconsider their priorities to deal with the victim’s concerns

18 18 Key Terms Community Policing Misprision of a Felony Second Wound BurnoutUnfoundingDefounding Clearance Rates Cold Case Squads Citizen’s Arrest Performance Measures


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