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CHAPTER 1- PART II Vocabulary Review. Numbers Los Números.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 1- PART II Vocabulary Review. Numbers Los Números."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 1- PART II Vocabulary Review

2 Numbers Los Números

3 Numbers 0-10 00 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99  10  Cero  Uno  Dos  Tres  Cuatro  Cinco  Seis  Siete  Ocho  Nueve  Diez

4 Numbers  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  Once  Doce  Trece  Catorce  Quince  Dieciséis  Diecisiete  Dieciocho  Diecinueve  Veinte

5 Numbers  21  22  23  24  25  26  27  28  29  30  31  Veintiuno  Veintidós  Veintitrés  Veinticuatro  Veinticinco  Veintiséis  Veintisiete  Veintiocho  Veintinueve  Treinta  Treinta y uno

6 Numbers 40+  40  50  60  70  80  90  100  Cuarenta  Cincuenta  Sesenta  Setenta  Ochenta  Noventa  Cien(to) Remember that after the number 30, numbers are joined together using “y”. Example: 31 treinta y uno 41 cuarenta y uno

7 Phone number El teléfono

8 To ask for someone’s Phone Number:  What is your (informal) telephone number?  ¿ Cuál es tu teléfono?  What is your (formal) telephone number?  ¿ Cuál es su teléfono?  What is ____’s telephone number?  ¿Cuál es el teléfono de ____?

9 To ask for someone’s Phone Number:  Things to notice: 1. It is NOT necessary to say “Número de teléfono” for “phone number”. “Teléfono” is used for “Phone number” 2. In Spanish, there is no ‘s. Instead of say “Juan’s phone number”, you are actually saying “the phone number of Juan” (el teléfono de Juan).

10 To Give for someone’s Phone Number:  It is…  Es…  You may also see…  My phone number is… Mi teléfono es…  ___’s phone number is… El teléfono de ____ es…

11 To Give for someone’s Phone Number:  When giving a phone number, the digits are often grouped together.  So, instead of saying:  You may see: In many Spanish speaking countries, telephone numbers have 7 or 8 digits. Usually, the first number is spoken alone and the remaining numbers are given in pairs.

12 What time is it? ¿Qué hora es?

13  To give the time, it is important to begin with the following:  Es la (with 1:00)  Son las (with all other hours)  Both mean “It is” but Es la is referring to only 1 hour while Son las is referring to multiple hours.  You can also say A la or A las to say At… (for a specific time). However, Es la and Son las are used for giving the time.

14 ¿Qué hora es?  Next you add the hour:  1:00 Es la una  2:00 Son las dos  If it is on the dot (0:00) you say “en punto”  1:00 Es la una en punto.  2:00 Son las dos en punto. *Notice that uno changes to una when telling time.

15 ¿Qué hora es?  When there are minutes:  Minutes are added from 0:01 minutes after to 0:29 minutes.  You add minutes by saying “y” and the number of minutes. 1:15 Es la una y quince. 2:20 Son las dos y veinte.

16 ¿Qué hora es?  When there are minutes:  At 30 minutes after the hour, you say “y media” 1:30 Es la una y media. 2:30 Son las dos y media.

17 ¿Qué hora es?  When there are minutes:  After 30 minutes (0:31 to 0:59), the minutes are subtracted from the next hour. 1:40 Son las dos menos veinte. 2:45 Son las tres menos quince.

18 Think about the clock this way: 12 (0:00) 1 (0:05) 2 (0:10) 3 (0:15) 4 (0:20) 5 (0:25) 6 (0:30) 7 (0:35) 8 (0:40) 9 (0:45) 10 (0:50) 11 (0:55) Minutes are added to the current hour Minutes are subtracted from the next hour.

19 ¿Qué hora es?  Cuarto  “y cuarto” or “menos cuarto” are used instead of “y quince” or “menos quince” when referring to 15 minutes after the hour or 15 minutes before the hour.  “Cuarto” means a quarter. Just like in English, we often say “15 minutes after” or “a quarter after” Y cuarto- a quarter after Menos cuarto- a quarter till

20 Think about the clock this way: 12 (0:00) 1 (0:05) 2 (0:10) 3 (0:15) 4 (0:20) 5 (0:25) 6 (0:30) 7 (0:35) 8 (0:40) 9 (0:45) 10 (0:50) 11 (0:55) En punto Y media Menos cuarto Y cuarto

21 ¿Qué hora es?  Midnight and Noon are also different!  Midnight (12:00am):  Es medianoche. (It is the middle of the night)  Noon (12:00pm):  Es mediodía. (It is the middle of the day)

22 Time of Day (Am vs. Pm)  12:00 am  Es medianoche.  AM (12:01am-11:59am)  De la mañana  12:00pm  Es mediodía  PM (12:01pm-5:59pm)  De la tarde  PM (6:00pm-11:59pm)  De la noche  Ejemplos:  7:30 am Son las siete y media de la mañana.  3:15pm Son las tres y cuarto de la tarde  7:45pm Son las ocho menos cuarto de la noche.

23 What day is today? ¿Qué día es hoy?

24 Los días de la semana The days of the week  Monday  Tuesday  Wednesday  Thursday  Friday  Saturday  Sunday  lunes  martes  miércoles  jueves  viernes  sábado  domingo NOTICE: Unlike the English days of the week, the days of the week in Spanish are NOT capitalized. NOTICE: The Spanish calendar begins on lunes (Monday) and not on domingo (Sunday) like traditional English calendars.

25 Un ejemplo de un calendario en español: septiembre lunesmartesmiércolesjuevesviernessábadodomingo

26 los meses del año The months of the year  January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October  November  December  enero  febrero  marzo  abril  mayo  junio  julio  agosto  septiembre  octubre  noviembre  diciembre NOTICE: Unlike the English months of the year, the months of the year in Spanish are NOT capitalized. (Just like the days of the week)

27 ¿Qué Fecha es hoy? La Pregunta  ¿Qué Fecha es hoy?  What is today’s date? La Respuesta:  Hoy es…  Today is…  Es…  It is…

28 ¿Qué Fecha es hoy?  To give the date in Spanish, use the following formula:  The date (number) of month El fecha de mes  Examples:  September 5th El cinco de septiembre  Also- to give the first of the month, one uses primero instead of el uno.  June 1st El primero de junio

29 ¿Qué Fecha es hoy?  The day ALWAYS precedes the month in Spanish dates.  When the date is abbreviated in Spanish, it looks like this: day/month/year.  So August 17th, 2011 which is 8/17/11 in English looks like this in Spanish: 17/8/11

30 Las Estaciones The Seasons  Winter  Spring  Summer  Fall  El invierno  La primavera  El verano  El otoño

31 The alphabet El alfabeto

32  There are “27” letters in the Spanish alphabet  The same 26 letters of the English Alphabet + ñ  We will also be looking at 3 common two-letter sounds  Ch  Ll  Rr

33 Pronunciación  Like the “a” in father  Like the “b” sound in bet  Before an a, o, u it is a “k” sound like the “k” sound in cat “s” sound before “e or i” like “s” in sell  Like “ch” sound in chat  Like “d” in deck  Like the “a” sound in bay  Like the “f” sound in fun  Before an a, o, u it is a “g” sound like the “g” sound in go “h” sound before “e or i” like “g” in hand  A (a)  B (be)  C (ce)  Ch (che)  D (de)  E (e)  F (efe)  G (ge)

34 Pronunciación  Silent like the “h” in hour  Like the “ee” in feet  Like the “h” sound in hot  Like “k” sound in karate  Like “l” sound in look  Like the “y” sound in yam  Like the “m” sound in mom  Like the “n” sound in no  Like the “ny” sound in canyon  H (hache)  I (i)  J (jota)  K (ka)  L (ele)  LL (elle)  M (eme)  N (ene)  Ñ (eñe)

35 Pronunciación  Like the “o” in top  Like the “p” in pay  Like the “k” in kookoo  Like the “r” in record It is rolled when it is at the beginning  This is a rolled “r” like rumble  Like the “s” it sit  Like the “t” sound in table  O (o)  P (pe)  Q (cu)  R (ere)  Rr (erre)  S (ese)  T (te)

36 Pronunciación  Like the “oo” in food  Like the “v” in visit. It also can sound like a soft “b”  Like the “w” sound in water  This can make a sound like an “h” in hot or an “s” sound like the x in exist”  Like the “ee” sound a y makes in easy  Like the “s” sound in sat  U (u)  V (ve) WW (doble ve)  X (equis)  Y (I griega)  Z (zeta)

37 Spelling La pregunta:  ¿Cómo se escribe…?  How do you spell…? La respuesta:  Se escribe…  It is spelled

38 Correo Electrónico

39 La Pregunta:  ¿Cuál es tu correo electrónico?  What is your ?  ¿Cuál es el correo electrónico de ____?  What is ____’s ?

40 La Respuesta:  Mi correo electrónico es…  My is…  El correo electrónico de ____ es  ____’s address is…  Es…  It is…

41  When you give an address, you spell out the using letters & symbols: Arroba  Dot Punto

42 Example  If the is  You say: Es ese-pe-a-ene-i-ese-hache-uno punto ese-te-u- de-e-ene-te arroba eme-che-ese punto ce-o-eme


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