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Dorothea Dix 1.) Believed that the mentally ill were being treated badly and wanted to change that. 2.) She went to court and won after a series of battles.

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Presentation on theme: "Dorothea Dix 1.) Believed that the mentally ill were being treated badly and wanted to change that. 2.) She went to court and won after a series of battles."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dorothea Dix 1.) Believed that the mentally ill were being treated badly and wanted to change that. 2.) She went to court and won after a series of battles. She also investigated jails and where other mentally ill people were kept and took notes about the conditions. Then took her case to the Massachusetts state legislature and won. 3.) She created the first generation of mental asylums. 4.) She overcame a tough childhood with an alcoholic father and a mentally ill mother to pioneer the first mental asylum. 5.) No, the goal she achieved wasn’t impractical and she didn’t achieve it by being fanatical and impractical. She was shy and didn’t want her name attached to things. Her timid presentation of her case to the legislative board won them over. Alyssa Kirk

2 Elizabeth Cady Stanton Ms. Stanton was a supporter of women's rights in America. Not only did she advocate suffrage but the rights of women when it came to property, employment, and divorce. In 1848 at the Seneca Falls Convention she presented her Declaration of Sentiments that declared these rights for everyone to witness. Elizabeth Stanton's life long dedication and eloquent writing make her famous in this area of history. The marches and conventions that she helped organize played an integral part of the merited change of women's rights. Riley Branch

3 Horace Mann Mann believed that the public school system should support universal education centralized oversight at the state level religiously neutral education policies. supported by tax payers He enforced these changes by holding teachers' conventions, delivering numerous lectures and addresses and writing The Common School Journal Mann drastically changed the way public schools are run. Many of his ideals are still present in today’s public schools making him an important historical figure Horace Mann was not obsessed with his ideas of reform however he strongly believed that the public school system was in need of change Matt Allen

4 William Lloyd Garrison 1. Criticized slavery 2. Publisher of an anti-slavery newspaper, the Liberator 3. Helped lead the successful abolitionist campaign against slavery 4. His publications in the Liberator reached individuals worldwide 5. He held a ceaseless, uncompromising position on the moral outrage of slavery and kept that position until slavery was abolished "I am in earnest -- I will not equivocate -- I will not excuse -- I will not retreat a single inch -- AND I WILL BE HEARD"

5 Harriet Tubman, a runaway slave, helped with the fight against slavery. Tubman led other runaway slaves through a series of safe houses or The Underground Railroad. In doing so Harriet helped lead hundreds of slaves to Northern free states and Canada. Harriet soon became a fugitive in Southern states because she came back for other slaves. This action was illegal in the South. Her journey was faced with many hardships. Many people of the South wanted Harriet captured or dead. Many ads were put up describing slaves with great detail. All these facts made the job of Harriet Tubman more difficult, therefore, she became a more interesting historical figure. I don’t think Harriet Tubman was obsessed with helping the other slaves I think she was genuine in her intentions of freeing others and in her dislike for slavery. The goal of freeing many was not impractical but the way she did it could have been. In this situation the end result was what mattered, and the journey was successful. E. McClain

6 Sarah and Angelina Grimke were antislavery crusaders and advocates of women’s rights. The sisters wrote letters and pamphlets and held meetings to spread their ideas and gain the support of others. Encouraged Southern Christian women to denounce slavery! The lives of the Grimke sisters were interesting because their struggle began with a desire to end slavery, but turned into a fight for women’s rights when they realized the two problems were very similar. Another interesting fact is that the sisters grew up on a southern plantation and their family owned many slaves.

7 -Lucretia was an outspoken leader of the antislavery and women’s rights movements in America. -She used many methods to try and help society including the Seneca Falls, NY Women’s Convention with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and also writing the “Declaration of Sentiments” with her. “If our principles are right, why should we be cowards?” - Lucretia Mott Lucretia Mott - Chelsea Sutterlin

8 Strongly against slavery Frederick Douglass 1818 – 1895 Organized secret schools to teach slaves, lecturer, public speaking, formed own paper (FDP) Very successful, popularity increased, became widely known as uncompromising abolitionist. Published Rochester, NY abolitionist paper, “The North Star” 3Three keys for Success in life Believe in your self Take advantage of every opportunity. Use the power of spoken and written language to effect positive change for yourself and society.

9 Charles Finney Religious Reformer EVANGELICALISM Non-traditional ideas about religion. “Revival meetings” in tents... “Fire and brimstone” preaching!!! Individuals are responsible for their own salvation. People can improve themselves!

10 Ralph Waldo Emerson Transcendentalist reformer (intellectual ideas about the meaning of life) Live a simple life! Don’t need organized religion Worth of the individual. Reject material goods!

11 Henry David Thoreau Transcendentalist Student of Emerson People should be free…live in beauty and simplicity of nature…Walden’s Pond, MA. Civil Disobedience … some laws are unjust…must break law…protest…get law changed!

12 Margaret Fuller Transcendentalist Womens’ Rights Advocate Editor of “The Dial” newsletter Equality and fulfillment for all (slaves)…women. A woman has a “mind of her own”!

13 Sojourner Truth Anti-Slavery (former slave; 13 children!) Women’s Rights “Ain’t I a Woman?” speech very powerful –Just as strong as a man…don’t I deserve equality!

14 Emma Willard Women’s Rights Education is essential for women’s equality. Troy, NY Female Seminary 1 st academy for girls!

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