Presentation on theme: "“Role and Powers of Congress”"— Presentation transcript:
1“Role and Powers of Congress” Chapter 5“Role and Powers of Congress”
2Section 1: Role of Congress Question:1. What influences members of Congress to vote the way they do?2. Imagine you’ve been elected to represent Ohio.What are the most important issues that you think need addressed?
35.1 ObjectivesList influences that cause members of Congress to vote the way they do.Identify reasons for congressional investigations.Identify ways members of Congress help their constituents.
4I. Making Laws Influences: Personal beliefs Constituents’ wishes Interest GroupsPolitical Party LoyaltyHouse 201 Democrats, 234 RepublicansSenate: 53 D, 45 R, 2 Independents
5II. Oversight Investigation of government programs Usually focuses on abuses and scandals
6III. Helping Constituents 200 million contacts per year17% of population has asked for helpWhy would someone contact their congressman?
7Assignment: Read text pages 93-97 Complete section 1 review #2 and #3 on the back of DQ 5.1
85.2 ObjectivesIdentify qualifications and term lengths for members of the House of Representatives and SenateUnderstand how congressional districts are drawn and explain gerrymandering
9Section 2: Houses and Members of Congress 2nd Session of the 113th Congress I. House of Representatives435 members2 year termSeats apportioned based on population, every state guaranteed at least 1CA has 53, TX 36, NY 27, FL 27, IL & PA 18, OH 16
10Formal Qualifications 25 years oldCitizen for 7 yearsMust live in state elected
15Congressional Districts Drawn up by state legislatorsEach district must have similar populationsGerrymandering legal to an extent
16Gerrymandering…in action In California…In Illinois…•Gerrymandering is only illegal if it favors one race or ethnic group over another.•Political parties can hurt each other by drawing boundary lines that discriminate against the other party.
20Our old 18th Congressional District Bob Gibbs (R)
21Gerrymandering Activity •Objective:To get your gender to have has much control over the congressional districts in our state of Scottslyvania. •Based on the 2000 Census, we qualify for 4 congressional seats. •Currently, the Fem Party controls the state legislature and gets to determine how district boundary lines are drawn. •Although there are more members of the Man Party state-wide, most guys don’t vote and the Fem Party wins most of the seats in the state legislature
22Gerrymandering Scottslyvania Voting Population > 8 Fem + 18 Man = 6.5 per districtFem Party only has 31% of voting population, but controls 51% of state legislature.All districts MUST be of equal population, but may not have the same numbers of party members.How many districts can the Fem Party control?
23II. Senate _____ members _____ from each state _____ year term (election every 2 years)17th Amendment (1913)
24Qualifications 30 years old U.S. citizen for 9 years Live in the state elected
25House vs. Senate Senate much more prestigious Senate is a continuous body, House is notSenate = upper house, House = lower houseNeither have term limitsBoth can expel members for misconduct with a 2/3 vote
26Why would senators be less subject to public opinion and special interests?
27Salary and Benefits$174,000$60,000 pension when 50 with 20 years of serviceOffice space and staffTravel paid to home statesFranking privilegeHealth insuranceCan only be arrested for serious crimes
305.3 ObjectivesIdentify examples of expressed and special powers held by Congress.Explain and identify examples of implied powers held by Congress.Identify constitutional limits that exist on congressional powers.
31Section 3: Power of Congress Expressed Powers (specifically listed)Tax, pay debt, defense & general welfare of U.S.Borrow money, coin moneyDeclare war, maintain an armyGovern Washington, D.C.Make all laws necessary and proper for enforcing all powersPage 105
32Special Powers A. Impeachment House/Senate/Vice-President/Chief JusticeAndrew Johnson – not guilty by 1 voteBill Clinton – not guilty, 55-45, 50-5012 judges, 1 cabinet member, 1 senator
33Approving Appointments Approving TreatiesSenate2/3 vote, not automatic - Treaty of VersaillesApproving AppointmentsSenate – majority vote / senatorial courtesySupreme Court justices, ambassadors, cabinetDeciding ElectionsHouse chooses president – 1 vote per stateSenate chooses VP – 1 vote per senator
34Implied Powers (Elastic/Necessary & Proper Clause) Military academies (raise & maintain military)War Powers Resolution (declare war)Federal courts under Supreme Court
35Limits on Power Cannot tax exports Cannot grant titles of nobility Ex post facto lawsBill of AttainderSuspending Writ of Habeas CorpusCannot tax exportsCannot grant titles of nobilityCannot spend money that has not been approved by congressChart on page 108
36Assignment Read text pages 105-108 Complete Daily Quiz 5.3 Friday – Study GuideMonday – Chapter 5 Test