Name Tent Directions Fold the paper in half hamburger style. – Crease the center fold. Open the paper. Fold the bottom of the paper to middle crease. – Crease the fold. Open the paper. Fold the top of the paper to the middle crease. – Crease the fold. The paper should now have 4 sections. Starting from one end of the paper, count down 3 rectangles. Print your name in LARGE letters. Turn the paper upside-down. Again count down 3 rectangles and print you name in LARGE letters. Fold the paper to create a tent with the name displayed on both sides.
Groups Group 1: – Remain seated, use only one hand, your non- dominant hand. Group 2: – Remain seated, use only one hand, your dominant hand. Group 3: – Remain seated, use both hands. Group 4: – Stand, use only one hand, your non- dominant hand. Group 5: – Stand, use only one hand, your dominant hand.
Group Times Group 1Group 2Group 3Group 4Group 5 30 seconds 60 seconds 90 seconds 120 seconds
Human Capital Human Capital is the knowledge, talent, and skills that people possess. – You are able to invest in your human capital by going to school, pursing additional training and developing skills. – There is a very strong correlation between the level of human capital a person possesses and the amount of income a person earns. – What is your human capital?
Human Capital vs. Groups Group 1 High school graduates Group 2 Bachelors or Trade School degrees Group 3 Advanced degrees (Master’s / Doctorate) Group 4 High School Dropouts Group 5 Associates Degree
Human Capital Stats According to the U.S. Census Bureau News, 2010: Adults with advanced degrees earn four times more than high school dropouts. – Doctorate degree = $103,054 – Masters degree = $73,738 – Bachelors degree = $56,665 – Associates degree = $39,771 – High School diploma = $30,627 – High school dropout = $20,241 89% of all adults over the age of 25 reported that they had completed at least high school. 33% percent of adults 25 years old and older had attained at least a bachelor’s degree.
Income and Wages Income – The payment people receive for providing resources in the market. When people work, they provide human resources (labor) in exchange they receive income in the form of wages. Wages – Wages are computed by multiplying an hourly pay rate by the numbers of hours worked. People also earn salaries for providing labor. Rather than an hourly scale, salaries are generally an annual amount paid monthly or bi-monthly for a specified number of hours.
Deductions: Taxes Taxes are government fees on business and individual income, activities, products, and property. People are required to pay taxes. The tax revenue collected is used to provide government goods and services for citizens and to allow the government to operate.
Deductions: Volunteer People voluntarily have money deducted from their paychecks for expenses such as medical insurance or savings in retirement accounts.
Gross Pay vs. Net Pay Gross Pay - amount people earn per pay period before any deductions or taxes are paid. Net Pay - amount people receive after taxes and other deductions are taken out.
Income Tax Income Tax is a tax on the amount of income people earn. People pay a percentage of their income in tax. People who earn more pay a higher percentage of their income tax. – EVERYONE PAYS A FEDERAL INCOME TAX.
Single Filing Status 10% on taxable income from $0 to $8,925, plus 15% on taxable income over $8,925 to $36,250, plus 25% on taxable income over $36,250 to $87,850, plus 28% on taxable income over $87,850 to $183,250, plus 33% on taxable income over $183,250 to $398,350, plus 35% on taxable income over $398,350 to $400,000, plus 39.6% on taxable income over $400,000.
Married Filing Status 10% on taxable income from $0 to $17,850, plus 15% on taxable income over $17,850 to $72,500, plus 25% on taxable income over $72,500 to $146,400, plus 28% on taxable income over $146,400 to $223,050, plus 33% on taxable income over $223,050 to $398,350, plus 35% on taxable income over $398,350 to $450,000, plus 39.6% on taxable income over $450,000.
Questions What is the income tax amount for someone that is single and makes $42,000 a year? (25%) What is the income tax amount for someone that is married and makes $20,000 a year? (15%)
So what does my Income Tax pay for? 1.National Defense 2.Interest on National Debt 3.Veterans’ Benefits 4.Education (FAFSA, Public schools, etc) 5.Law Enforcement 6.National Resources, Energy, and Environment 7.International Affairs 8.Science, Space, and Technology
State Income Tax State Income Tax some states elect to take out a state income tax on top of the federal income tax. Kentucky employees are taxed a state income.
State Income Totals Income range is between $0 and $3,000, tax rate is 2%. Income range is between $3,001 and $4,000, tax rate is 3%. Income range is between $4,001 and $5,000, tax rate is 4%. Income range is between $5,001 and $8,000, tax rate is 5%. income range is between $8,001 and $75,000, tax rate is 5.8%. Income range is $75,001 and over, tax rate is 6%.
So what does my state tax pay for? K – 12 Education Higher Education Public Assistance Corrections Transportations Other
How much comes out?! A W-4 Form is a federal form that you have to fill out at every job upon being hired. This form determines that amount of taxes that are withheld from your check.
W-4 Form Required by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Allows employers to determine what amount of income tax they should deduct from each employee’s paycheck based on that person’s situation, such as whether he/she is single, married, etc. Even if you are a student, it isn’t likely that you are exempt from tax withholdings.
W-4 Form Each April, you must file a federal income tax return with the IRS. If over the course of the year you paid more income tax than necessary, you will receive a tax refund from the federal government. Employees are expected to complete a W-4 accurately and honestly when starting a new job or if their status changes in some way. If you make a mistake on the form you could delay or prevent receipt of any tax refund you are owed.
Questions about John’s W-4 1.Why can’t John claim exempt status? 2.Why did John enter a ‘1’ on line B? 3.Why should John leave line E blank?
More Taxes FICA – Federal Insurance Contributions ACT. FICA is another tax or required contribution that most workers and employers pay. – Some workers such as state government workers and teachers may not be required to pay FICA.
FICA FICA is a US payroll tax used to fund social security and medicare. Social Security is a federal program that provides benefits for retirees, the disabled and children of deceased workers Medicare is a federal program that provides hospital insurance benefits Employees pay part of FICA and the employers pay the other pay of FICA
FICA – Social Security Total contributions for FICA is 6.2% for the employee. Total contributions for FICA is 6.2% for the employer. Self-employed people are responsible for the entire FICA percentage.
FICA - Medicare Medicare is used to provide medical benefits for certain individuals when they reach 65.
Your Turn! 1.Complete the W-4 using the scenario about Angela at the top of the page. 2.Examine Angela’s pay stub to answer the 7 questions on the back of the page.