Presentation on theme: "CIVIL WAR VS. The South The North. Northern Advantages 2/3 of population lived in the North. 22 million supported the North. Much of manufacturing."— Presentation transcript:
CIVIL WAR VS. The South The North
Northern Advantages 2/3 of population lived in the North. 22 million supported the North. Much of manufacturing was in the north. They had the best railroads. They had ¾ of the financial resources. They maintain the navy and the merchant marines.
Southern Advantages The states were compacted to fight. They fought defensively on their own terrain. They had the best military leadership. They had better soldiers.
Causes for the Civil War North was developing into small farms, busy factories and growing cities South became an agricultural empire with cotton The South wouldn’t cooperate with the National government
Causes for the Civil War The North wanted to preserve the Union and they didn’t worry about slavery The South wanted to preserve their state rights and independence.
Causes for the Civil War The Southern States thought that they had the right to secede. The South was more aristocratic and the North was more democratic
The Southern States that Ceded from the Union February, 1861 the South ceded into the Confederate States of America South Carolina Mississippi Florida Alabama Georgia Louisiana and Texas In May, North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas and Virginia secede
Causes for the Civil War Jefferson Davis became the President of Confederacy The Confederacy began to seize federal buildings I worked night and day for twelve years to prevent the war, but I could not. The North was mad and blind, would not let us govern ourselves, and so the war came.
The Southern States that Ceded from the Union Fort Sumter was fought over on April 6,1861 and the Civil War began. Robert E. Lee left the Union Army to lead the Confederate Army These people must be aware that their object is both unlawful and foreign to them and to their duty, and that this institution, for which they are irresponsible and non-accountable, can only be changed by them through the agency of a civil and servile war.
Abraham Lincoln 'House-Divided' Speech in Springfield, Illinois, June 16, 'House-Divided' Speech in Springfield, Illinois, June 16, A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half-slave and half-free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved - I do not expect the house to fall - but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other." IIIIn 1858, Lincoln debated that slavery was morally and politically wrong HHHHis goal was to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution.
Gettysburg Address "...that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain; that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom; and that this government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth." Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863.
The Emancipation Proclamation The slaves were freed on January 1, 1863 The North now fought for freedom of people. The proclamation applied only to areas held by the Confederacy (South).
Emancipation Proclamation Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation which freed the slaves.
Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves on January 1, 1863 Abraham Lincoln and his Cabinet Painted by F.B. Carpenter; engraved by A. H. Ritchie
Emancipation Proclamation Slaves were freed in 1863 by Abraham Lincoln
Emancipation Proclamation (excerpt) “And by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States and parts of States are, and henceforward shall be, free; and that the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.”
Why did President Lincoln free the slaves?
Battle of Bull Run Confederate Capital became Richmond, Virginia Bull Run was outside of Washington D. C. (1st battle that Union lost) The Union lost the battle and they were forced to retreat George B. McClellan led the army at the Potomac
General Ulysses Grant General Ulysses S. Grant led the Union troops in Mississippi and Tennessee. Grant knew he had to capture Vicksburg.
Civil War Battles Battle of Antietam highest casualty rate (5,000) people died. Battle of Vicksburg a Union victory Battle of Gettysburg 51,000 were killed General Ulysses S. Grant took command of the Union Soldiers
Civil War Battles General William Tecumseh Sherman led the troops in Georgia Burning of Atlanta destroyed the morale of the South General Sherman moved to Raleigh, North Carolina and it was the end of the South
End of the Civil War April 1, 1865, Lee surrenders to Union At Appomattox Courthouse, the Confederates officially surrendered
End of the Civil War Tell mother, tell mother, I died for my country... useless... useless. John Wilkes Boothe Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater
End of the Civil War 600,000 people were killed in the Civil War Slavery ended North became an Industrial power
Women in the Civil War Women ran the plantations and the factories while the men fought the war Some women were soldiers and spies Dorothea Dix led the Superintendent of Nurses and changed the way the men were treated during the war
Women in the Civil War Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, first woman to finished medical school, helped with war effort Clara Barton formed the American Red Cross. Clara Barton Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell
13 th Amendment abolished slavery President Lincoln signed the amendment in The reading of the Emancipation Proclamation
14 th Amendment Ruled that all slaves were free. They were entitled to due process of rights and equal protection under the law. Slaves were free.
15 th Amendment gave all Americans the right to vote. Standard reated by L. Carreon
Laws that limit the political power of African-Americans The Black Codes- laws adopted by former Confederates after the Civil War to limit the freedom of former slaves. Poll Tax-pay a tax to vote
Laws that limit the political power of African-Americans Literacy Test- read a test to vote Jim Crows Laws- laws were adopted in South to enforce segregation. Grandfather Clause- grandfather had to vote on last election “Without a struggle, there can be no progress.” Frederick Douglass
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Homer Plessy, who was 7/8 white, wanted to sit in all white train. Plessy sued because he thought his 14 th amendment rights were being violated. The Supreme Court ruled that separate but equal in facilities and services was legal. Homer Plessy
Plessy v. Ferguson Ruling It held that "separate but equal" accommodations did not violate Plessy's rights and that the law did not stamp the "colored race with a badge of inferiority." This decision paved the way for segregation. Judge Taney Supreme Court Justice
Results of the Civil War Union is united. 13 th, 14 th and 15 th Amendments were passed. Civil Rights Act of 1866 weakened the black codes. Freedman’s Bureau of 1866-helped the blacks find jobs and go to school. The rise of the Ku Klux Klan.
Results of the Civil War Creation of Black Universities Southern Economy totally destroyed. 1 st Reconstruction Act: Southern States would be governed by a military governor Hold open elections Ratified the 14 th Amendment Then the southern states could be admitted into the union.