Presentation on theme: "Before Reading_ An English Song"— Presentation transcript:
1 Before Reading_ An English Song Directions: When listening to the song, fill in the blanks and then discuss the following questions.An English SongI Believe I Can FlyWhat’s the theme of the song?What can you learn from it?Topic-related PredictionWarm-up QuestionsBlank FillingWord WebBackground InformationBenjamin FranklinThomas Jefferson
2 Before Reading_ An English Song1 I Believe I Can FlyAn English SongI used to think that I could not go wrongAnd life was nothing but an awful songBut now I know theI am leaning on the everlasting armsIf I can see it, then I can do itIf I , there is nothing to itI believe I can flyI believe I canI think about it every night and daySpread my wings andI believe I can soarI see me that open doorI Believe I Can FlyTopic-related Prediction________________meaning of true loveWarm-up QuestionsBlank Filling___________just believe itWord WebBackground Information___________touch the skyBenjamin Franklin________fly awayThomas Jeffersonrunning through_____________
3 Before Reading_ An English Song2 See I was on the verge ofSometimes silence can seem so loudThere are miracles in lifeBut first I know it starts inside of meIf I can see it,If I just believe it, there is nothing to itI believe I can flyI believe I can touch the skyI every night and daySpread my wings and fly awayI believe I can soarI see me running through that open door_____________breaking downI Believe I Can FlyI must achieve_____________Topic-related PredictionWarm-up Questions_____________then I can do itBlank FillingWord WebBackground Information_____________think about itBenjamin FranklinThomas Jefferson
4 Before Reading_ An English Song3 Yeah, because I youIf I can see it, then I can do itIf I just believe it, there isI believe I can flyI believe I can touch the skyI think about it every night and dayand fly awayI believe I can soarI see me running through that open doorIf I just spreadI can flyIf I just spread my wings_________believe inAn English SongI Believe I Can Fly___________nothing to itTopic-related PredictionWarm-up QuestionsBlank Filling_______________Spread my wingsWord WebBackground InformationBenjamin FranklinThomas Jefferson___________my wings
5 Before Reading_ Topic related Prediction Directions: Do you know your own character? Connect the adjectives describing character or personality with the people in the cartoons.An English SongI Believe I Can FlyTopic-related PredictionWarm-up QuestionssociableconceitedgenerousmeanrebelliousconfidentsuperstitiousunselfishvainsympatheticlazyindependentBlank FillingWord WebBackground InformationBenjamin FranklinThomas Jefferson( )conceited( )unselfish
6 Before Reading_ Topic related Prediction2 An English SongI Believe I Can FlyTopic-related PredictionWarm-up QuestionsBlank FillingWord Web( )mean( )vainBackground InformationBenjamin FranklinThomas Jefferson( )lazy( )confident
7 Before Reading_ Topic related Prediction2 An English SongI Believe I Can FlyTopic-related PredictionWarm-up QuestionsBlank FillingWord Web( )independent( )sociableBackground InformationBenjamin FranklinThomas Jefferson( )sympathetic( )rebellious
8 Before Reading_ Topic related Prediction3 An English SongI Believe I Can FlyTopic-related PredictionWarm-up QuestionsBlank FillingWord WebBackground Information( )generous( )superstitiousBenjamin FranklinThomas Jefferson
9 Before Reading_ warm-up Questions 1. Do you think it is important for you to develop character? Explain your reasons.2. Who do you trust most in your everyday life? Why?3. What moral values do you honour in your life?4. What are the typical virtues of Chinese people in your opinion?An English SongI Believe I Can FlyTopic-related PredictionWarm-up QuestionsBlank FillingWord WebBackground InformationBenjamin FranklinThomas Jefferson
10 Before Reading_ blank filling Directions: Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks with what you have heard.“Virtues” are particular good qualities in someone’s character. They enable us to the moral principles we have adopted. Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity,An English Song______pursueI Believe I Can Flyfairness______,Topic-related Predictionself-control and prudence are all examples of virtues.How does a person develop virtues? Virtues are developed through learning and As the ancient philosopher Aristotle suggested, a person can improve his or her character by practicing, while a good character can be corrupted by repeated self-indulgence the ability to run a marathon develops through a lot of training and practice, so does our capacity to be fair, , or to be compassionate.Warm-up Questionspractice_______.Blank Filling___________self-disciplineWord Web_______Just asBackground InformationBenjamin Franklin______________to be courageousVirtues are habits. That is, once they are acquired, they becomeof a person. For example, a person who has developed the virtue of generosity is often referred toThomas Jefferson___________characteristic__________________as a generouspersonbecause he or she tends to be generous in all circumstances.Moreover, a person who has developed virtues will be naturally disposed to act in ways that________________are consistent withmoral principles.
11 Before Reading_ word web Directions: What words will occur to you whenever we mention “character & personality”. Write down as many words as possible.An English SongI Believe I Can FlyTopic-related Predictionsympathetic, considerate, energetic, enthusiastic, frank, generous, pleasant, serious, persistent, sociable, easy-going, sharp-minded, hot-tempered, self-confident, determined…Warm-up QuestionsBlank FillingWord WebBackground InformationBenjamin FranklinThomas Jefferson
12 Before Reading_ Benjamin Franklin An English SongAmerican printer, author, diplomat, philosopher and scientistI Believe I Can FlyBirthJanuary 17, 1706Topic-related PredictionDeathApril 17, 1790Warm-up QuestionsPlace of BirthBoston, MassachusettsBlank FillingBeing Know forcontributing to the formation of the United States and representing the country abroadWord WebBackground Informationexperimenting with electricity and developing inventionsBenjamin FranklinThomas Jeffersonleaving home in Boston at the age of 17, eventually establishing himself as a printer in Philadelphia1723serving several terms as a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly
13 Before Reading_ Benjamin Franklin2 An English Song1752conducting his famous experiment with a kite, proving that lightning is an electrical phenomenonI Believe I Can Fly1775serving as a member of the Second Continental Congress, and being appointed to the committee that drafted the Declaration of IndependenceTopic-related PredictionWarm-up QuestionsBlank Fillingserving as ambassador to France, successfully securing French support for the newly formed United StatesWord WebBackground Information1785winning election as president of the Executive Council of PennsylvaniaBenjamin Franklin1787helping to establish consensus on the provisions for a federal government as a member of the Constitutional ConventionThomas Jefferson
14 Before Reading_ Thomas Jefferson An English SongI Believe I Can FlyThomas Jefferson was the author of the Declaration of Independence, a principal leader in the American Revolution, and the third president of the United States. Jefferson was also regarded as a great political thinker and diplomat. The U.S. doubled its area in 1803 when he bought the territory west of the Mississippi, which was called the Louisiana Purchase.Topic-related PredictionWarm-up QuestionsBlank FillingWord WebBackground InformationBenjamin FranklinThomas Jefferson
15 Global Reading_ Part Division of the Text PartsParagraphsMain Ideas11~5The bank president’s failing was one of character.Part Division of the TextFurther Understanding26~13The author insists that what really matters for success is one’s character rather than one’s personality.Questions and AnswersTrue or False314~22One can build character at any age with the inside-out approach and by admitting mistakes. One’s family provides a critical measure of one’s character and the opportunity to nurture it.423~28The bank president was forgiven by his wife and his employees after he admitted his mistake. He then began to find his own path to character.
16 Global Reading_ Questions and answers 1. What is character made up of according to Stephen R. Covey?Part Division of the TextCharacter is made up of those principles and values that give your life direction, meaning and depth, such as integrity, honesty, courage, fairness and generosity.Further UnderstandingQuestions and AnswersTrue or False2. What can we learn from the examples of Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson?Their examples tell us that we can only experience true success and happiness by making character the guideline of our lives.3. What was the change in the basic view of success after we moved into the industrial age and after World War I?Success became more a function of charm, skills and techniques that lubricate the process of human interaction.
17 Global Reading_ Questions and answers2 4. Why does the author think that seeking heroes in athletes, musicians and powerful business executives does not necessarily provide us with good role models?Part Division of the TextFurther UnderstandingBecause the author thinks that skill can never guarantee happiness and fulfillment though it is certainly needed for success. Happiness and fulfillment come from developing character.Questions and AnswersTrue or False
18 Global Reading_ True or False 1. The key point to building character is learning how to start from within yourself and proceed to the world outside.Part Division of the Text( )TFurther UnderstandingQuestions and Answers2. Being a more responsible employee is very important to your future promotion.( )TTrue or False3. Trust is not the essential ingredient for character.( )FThere’s no more essential ingredient for character growth than trust.4. Family is the place to build our character and hide who we really are.( )FTrue character begins at home.5. An excellent employee used to treat his / her spouse casually.( )FAn excellent employee treats his / her spouse well.
19 Detailed Reading_t0Many tend to believe that the only things we need for success are talent, energy and personality. Yet the story of the young and competent executive in the following text demonstrates that such values as integrity, honesty, and loyalty are even more essential for our success and happinessDetailed Reading
20 Detailed Reading_t1 Why Character Counts Stephen R. Covey Some time ago I was asked to consult for a bank that was having a problem with employee morale. “I don’t know what’s wrong,” complained their young president sadly. Bright and attractively capable, he’d risen through the ranks only to see his institution faltering. Productivity and profits were down. He blamed his employees. “No matter what incentives I provide,” he said, “they won’t shake off this gloom and doom.”He was right. The atmosphere seemed poisoned with suspicion and lack of trust. For two months I ran workshops, but nothing helped. I was stumped.
21 Detailed Reading_t2Finally, in more casual conversations, the truth emerged. The boss, who was married, was having an affair with an employee. And everyone knew it.It was obvious now that the company’s poor performance was caused by his conduct. But the greatest damage this man was doing was to himself. He was thinking only of his own pleasure and satisfaction disregarding long-term consequences. Moreover, he had violated a sacred trust with his wife.Detailed ReadingIn a word, his failing was one of character.What Really MattersCharacter is made up of those principles and values that give your life direction, meaning and depth. Theseconstitute your inner sense of what’s right and wrong based not on laws or rules of conduct but on who you are.
22 Detailed Reading_t3They include such traits as integrity, honesty, courage, fairness and generosity which arise from the hard choices we have to make in life. So, wrong is simply in doing wrong, not in getting caught.Yet some people wonder if our inner values matter anymore. After all, hasn’t our noted bank executive succeeded in every visible way, despite his moral failing?This question demonstrates a dilemma of our modern life. Many have come to believe that the only things we need for success are talent, energy and personality. But history has taught us that who we are is more important than who we appear to be.Detailed Reading
23 Detailed Reading_t4During the nation’s first century and a half, almost everything in the literature of success and self-help focused on what could be called the character ethic. Such eminent figures as Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson made clear their beliefDetailed Readingthat we can only experience true success and happiness by making character the guideline of our lives.After we moved into the industrial age and after World War I, the basic view of success shifted to what we could call the personality ethic. Success became more a function of charm, skills and techniques that lubricate the process of human interaction. Rather than struggle with difficult issues of right and wrong, we turned to making things run smoothly.
24 Detailed Reading_t5Some of that philosophy expressed itself with harmless but superficial mottoes, such as “smiling wins more friends than frowning.” Other ideas were even deceptive, faking interest in others’ hobbies so they will like you, for instance.With a value system based solely on skill and personality, we find heroes in athletes, musicians and in powerful business executives. But despite the admiration we feel for these achievers, we shouldn’t necessarily look upon them as role models. While skill is certainly needed for success, it can never guarantee happiness and fulfillment. These come from developing character.You can begin to build character at any age. The key is learning how to look within to work inside out.With the inside-out approach, private victories precede public victories. These private victories are simply promises you make to yourself and others and then keep.Detailed ReadingStart at Home
25 Detailed Reading_t6Day by day, as you make and keep increasingly challenging promises, you will be making deposits in your “character account.” What begins as great effort will eventually become a habit. And as you get into the habit of building character in the smaller areas of your life, your ability to develop character strength in more important spheres will grow.Detailed ReadingPrivate victories therefore lead to your larger public victories. For instance, to gain more freedom to think and act in your job, you must first be a more responsible employee. To create a happy marriage, first be the kind of person who generates love, generosity, dependability and trust.
26 Detailed Reading_t7There’s no more essential ingredient for character growth than trust. Whether it is trust we earn from colleagues or a spouse, it is built slowly over time in an infinite variety of circumstances.Another way to build character is to admit your mistakes. Character is revealed in how we handle things that go wrong.The best opportunities to build character, however, are within our families, where we are constantly tested and most vulnerable to lapses. True character begins at home.Often we sense that we can get away with things around those who know us best, who will love us regardless of our conduct. This can end up destroying our character and our relationships How often have we heard of someone who is an excellent employee but treats his or her spouse like a piece of furniture?Detailed Reading
27 Detailed Reading_t8All our relationships follow the patterns of life; they have ups and downs. This is why our families provide a critical measure of our character and the opportunity, again and again, to nurture it.What became of the bank president who was involved sexually with an employee? When I confided to him what I knew of his affair and the effect it was having on his staff, he ran his fingers through his hair. “I don’t know where to begin,” he said.“Is it over?”He looked me directly in the eye. “Yes. Absolutely.”Detailed Reading“Then begin by talking with your wife,” I answered.He told his wife, who forgave him. Then he called a meeting of his staff and addressed their morale problem. “I have found the cause of the problem,” he said. “It is me. I am asking you to give me another chance.”
28 Detailed Reading_t9It took time, but eventually the employees’ morale, a sense of openness, optimism and trust improved. In the end, however, the executive was doing himself the greatest favor. He was finding his own path to character.Detailed Reading
29 Detailed Reading_t2_He was He was thinking only of his own pleasure and satisfaction disregarding long-term consequences.Detailed Reading1. What’s the grammatical function of “disregarding long-term consequences”?现在分词短语作状语。More examples:She went out, slamming the door.I fell, striking my head against the door and cutting it.2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.他只顾自己一时的享乐和满足，不管长远的后果。
30 Detailed Reading_t4_During During the nation’s first century and a half, almost everything in the literature of success and self-help focused on what could be called the character ethic.Detailed Reading1. Paraphrase this sentence.During the first 150 years of our country, almost everything written about success and self-help centered on the importance of good character for success.2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.在我国历史最初的150多年中，几乎所有关于成功与自励的文献都聚焦在所谓的品德标准方面。
31 Detailed Reading_t4_rather Rather than struggle with difficult issues of right and wrong, we turned to making things run smoothly.Detailed Reading1. What does the author intend to say?Instead of struggling in our minds about whether our actions are morally right or wrong, we concentrated on how to make things go easier.2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.我们不会在大是大非的痛苦问题上纠缠，而专注于如何使事情顺利运作。
32 Detailed Reading_t5_the key The key is learning how to look within to work inside out.Detailed Reading1. Paraphrase the sentence.The key point to building character is learning how to start from within yourself and proceed to the world outside.2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.关键是要学会如何内省，然后由内而外，推己及人。
33 Detailed Reading_t6_day by day Day by day, as you make and keep increasingly challenging promises, you will be making deposits in your “character account.”Detailed Reading1. What does “character account” mean in the sentence?“Character account” means you will improve your character gradually in the same way as you save your money in the bank.2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.日复一日，你许下并恪守越来越有挑战性的诺言，你也同时在往你的“道德账户”上存“钱”。
34 Detailed Reading_t7_there’s no more There’s no more essential ingredient for character growth than trust.Detailed Reading1. Paraphrase the sentence.The most important factor in character growth is trust.2. Translate this sentence into Chinese.在品德成熟的过程中，没有哪一种因素会比信任更加关键的了。
35 Detailed Reading_t7_how often How often have we heard of someone who is an excellent employee but treats his or her spouse like a piece of furniture?Detailed Reading1. What rhetorical device is used in the sentence?Simile.2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.我们会不会经常听说这样的人，比如一个很出色的员工，却把自己的配偶当作一件家具那样对待？
36 Detailed Reading_t8_this is why This is why our families provide a critical measure of our character and the opportunity, again and again, to nurture it.Detailed Reading1. What’s the meaning of the sentence?This is the reason why our families are important as places where our character is constantly tested and gradually improved.2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.这就是为什么我们的家庭能为我们的品德提供一个重要的量度，而且不断提供机会滋养它。
37 Detailed Reading_ competent competent: adj.having enough skill or knowledge to do sth. to a satisfactory standardDetailed ReadingI wouldn’t say he was brilliant but he was competent at his job.CF: competent, able, capablecompetentablecapable这些形容词均含有“有能力的，能干的”之意强调具有能胜任某项工作的足够技能或其它所需的条件。最常用的词，多用于褒义，着重指有能力做某事，常用于be able to这个词组。语气弱于able，指有能力、有潜力做某事，常与of连用。
38 Detailed Reading_ competent2 Directions: Fill in the blanks with the three words above.Detailed Reading1. Will she be to cope with the work?2. I think your plan is of being improved.3. We need to get an assistant who’s and efficient.4. She is in / for her work.5. It’s so wonderful to be to see the sea from my window.6. This court is not with regard to your case.____able_______capable_______capable_________competent____able_________competent
39 Detailed Reading_ intergrity integrity: n.Detailed Reading1. the quality of being honest and strong about what you believe to be rightNo one doubted that the president was a man of the highest integrity.Bill is really a man of integrity.2. (formal) the state of being united as one complete thingA modern extension on the old building will ruin its architectural integrity.他们竭尽全力保持自己的文化完整。They tried their best to keep their cultural integrity intact.
40 Detailed Reading_ consult 1. v. ask for information or advice from sb. because it is their job to know sth.I’m not quite sure how to get there — I’d better consult a map.2. v. discuss sth. with sb. so that you can make a decision togetherWhy didn’t you consult me about this?他们将就如何开展竞选活动进行磋商。They are going to consult on how to launch the election campaign.Patterns:consult sb. about sth.consult with
41 Detailed Reading_ morale morale: n.the level of confidence and positive feelings that people have, especially people who work together, who belong to the same team, etc.Detailed ReadingA couple of victories would improve the team’s morale enormously.长期的失业使得他精神不振。A long period of unemployment weakened his morale.
42 Detailed Reading_ rise through the ranks make progress from a low position to a high positionDetailed ReadingOn our ships, the officers rose through the ranks and every young sailor boy had his chances.She had joined the company as a secretary and risen through the ranks.
43 Detailed Reading_ stump stump: v.if you are stumped by a question or problem, you are unable to find an answer to itDetailed ReadingI’m completely stumped.我很为难, 简直不知如何是好。I’m stumped: I just don’t know what to do.
44 Detailed Reading_ emerge emerge: v.Detailed Reading1. appear or come out from somewhereShe emerged from the sea, blue with cold.太阳从云朵后面钻出来。The sun emerged from behind a cloud.2. if facts emerge, they become known after being hidden or secretDifferences on the issues have emerged.经彻底调查，总的情况明朗了。After thorough investigation there emerged an overall picture.Pattern:emerge from
45 Detailed Reading_ affair affair: n.Detailed Reading1. a secret sexual relationship between two people, when at least one of them is married to sb. elseShe’s having an affair with a married man.He had an affair with his boss that lasted six years.2. things connected with your personal life, your financial situation, etc.She organizes her financial affairs very efficiently.别理我，管好你自己的事。Leave me alone; mind your own affairs.
46 Detailed Reading_ affair2 CF: affair, business & matteraffairbusinessmatter这些名词均含“事情”之意。含义较广，侧重指与你个人生活有关的事务。复数形式多指重大或较复杂的事务。通常指生意上的事情。普通用词，着重指一件不得不考虑的或需要处理的事。Detailed ReadingDirections: Fill in the blanks with the three words above. Change the forms where necessary.1. The minister deals with important2. Will you phone me back — it’s a of some importance.3. Our firm does a lot of with overseas customers.4. Currently, there are fewer firms in in the area than ever before.5. Talking about the world’s problems is one thing, but solving them is another altogether.6. What I do in my spare time is my7. Mary denied any knowledge of the8. Eventually they found a consultant they felt they could dowith.______.affairs______matter________business________business_______matter______.affair______.matter________business
47 Detailed Reading_ obvious obvious: adj.easy to notice or understandDetailed ReadingThey have a small child so for obvious reasons they need money.It was obvious that I knew very little about it.
48 Detailed Reading_ conduct 1. n. the way sb. behaves, especially in public, in their job, etc.The club has a strict code of conduct.2. v. carry out a particular activity or process, especially in order to get information or prove factsWe are conducting a survey to find out what our customers think of their local bus service.实验是由纽约的科学家们实施完成的。The experiments were conducted by the scientists in New York.
49 Detailed Reading_ consequence consequence: n.sth. that happens as a result of a particular action or set of conditionsDetailed ReadingWell, if you insist on eating so much, you’ll have to suffer the consequences!这项决定会带来深远的影响。This decision will bring long-lasting consequences.Collocations:as a consequence oftake the consequences (of)
50 Detailed Reading_ constitute constitute: v.if several people or things constitute sth., they are the parts that form itDetailed ReadingWomen constitute about 10% of the parliament.The under-18s constitute nearly 25% of the town’s population.CF: constitute, compose & consistconstitutecomposeconsist这些动词均含“组成，构成”之意。正式用词，指由某些部分组成一个整体或构成某物的基本成分。在句中，主语表事物的组成部分，宾语表示事物的整体。正式用词，多用被动态。指将两个或两个以上的人或物放到一起形成一个整体。与of连用，指一个整体由几个部分组成，或由某些材料构成。
51 Detailed Reading_ constitute2 Directions: Fill in the blanks with the three words above. Change the forms where necessary.Detailed Reading1. Seven days a week.2. The house of six rooms.3. Such action a felony (重罪).4. Water is of hydrogen and oxygen.5. That area’s future weather pattern might of long dry periods._________constitute________consists__________constitutes__________composed_______consist
52 Detailed Reading_ trait trait: n.(formal) a particular quality in sb’s characterDetailed ReadingHis sense of humor is one of his good traits.他有个不大讨人喜欢的特点，就是爱当众责备孩子。One of his less attractive traits is criticizing his child in public.
53 Detailed Reading_ generosity generosity: n.a generous attitude, or generous behaviourDetailed ReadingHer friends take advantage of her generosity.他以慷慨闻名。He is known for his generosity.N.B. generosity 的形容词为 generous， 意为“慷慨的，大方的”； 其反义词为mean ，意为“吝啬的，小气的”。
54 Detailed Reading_ inner inner: adj.Detailed Reading1. inner thoughts or feelings are the ones that you feel strongly but do not always show to other peopleSarah seemed to have a profound sense of inner peace.2. on the inside or close to the centre of sth.Few people ever managed to penetrate the star’s inner sanctum.Leading off the main hall is a series of small inner rooms.
55 Detailed Reading_ dilemma dilemma: n.Detailed Readinga situation in which it is very difficult to decide what to do, because all the choices seem equally good or equally badThe president is clearly in a dilemma about / over how to tackle the crisis.医生面临的困境是要不要把事情的真相告诉病人。The dilemma the doctor faced was whether he should tell the patient the truth.Collocations:be in a dilemmabe faced with the dilemmabe placed in a dilemma
56 Detailed Reading_ talent talent: n.a natural ability to do sth. wellDetailed ReadingHer talent for music showed at an early age.His artistic talents were wasted in his boring job.N.B. talent的形容词形式为“talented”，意为“有天赋的；有才干的”。CF: genius, talent , gift & abilitygeniustalentgiftability这些名词均可表示人的“能力，才能”之意。语气最强，指天生的才能与智力。着重指一个某方面具有可发展和培养的突出才能，但语气比genius弱。着重指一种与生俱来的能力。普通用词，指人先天的或学来的各种能力。
57 Detailed Reading_ talent2 Directions: Fill in the blanks with the four words above. Change the forms where necessary.Detailed Reading1. We found him work more suited to his2. Bill possesses a remarkable for music.3. He is hard-working and able, but no4. He has many outstanding5. Her are well known.6. He has the to do the work.7. She has always been able to learn languages easily; it’s a_______abilities_______talent______.genius_______gifts_______talents_______ability____.gift
58 Detailed Reading_ personality personality: n.sb.’s character, especially the way they behave towards other peopleDetailed ReadingHe is well qualified for the job, but he does lack personality.她个性很强。She has a very strong personality.
59 Detailed Reading_ figure figure: n.Detailed Reading1. sb. who is important or famous in some waySeveral leading figures resigned from the party.2. sb. with a particular type of appearance or character, especially when they are far away or difficult to see我看见黑暗中有个人影走近。I saw a figure approaching in the darkness.
60 Detailed Reading_ guideline guideline: n.rules or instructions about the best way to do sth.Detailed ReadingThe EU has issued guidelines on appropriate levels of pay for part-time manual workers.现在的道德标准不像以前那么明确了。Today the moral guidelines are less obvious than before.
61 Detailed Reading_ shift shift: v.Detailed Reading1. if sb.’s opinions, beliefs, etc. shift, they changePublic opinion was beginning to shift to the right.He refused to shift his ground.2. make sb. else responsible for sth., especially for sth. bad that has happenedDon’t try to shift the responsibility onto others: you must do the job yourself.3. move from one place or position to another, or make sth. do thisJoe listened, shifting uncomfortably from one foot to another.
62 Detailed Reading_ shift2 CF: shift , move, transfer & removeshiftmovetransferremove这些动词均可表示“从一处移往另一处”之意。侧重位置与方向的改变。普通用词，指从一处到另一外的任何距离的转移。一般表示转送或移交，尤指交通运输中的换乘或职务的调动。作“移动”解时，与move可换用，另外还可指撤职或开除学藉等。Detailed ReadingDirections: Fill in the blanks with the four words above. Change the forms where necessary.1. The chief of police was for failing to do his duty.2. Media attention recently onto environmental issues.3 Will you help me this table to the back room?4. I thought I could hear someone about / around upstairs.5. She her weight uneasily from one foot to the other.6. The men came to the rubbish from the backyard.7. We from one bus into another.________removed__________has shifted_____move_______moving_______shifted_______remove______________were transferred
63 Detailed Reading_ motto motto: n.Detailed Readinga short sentence or phrase giving a rule on how to behave, which expresses the aims or beliefs of a person, school, or institutionHer motto is “Work hard, play hard”.“Be prepared” is the motto of the boy scouts.
64 Detailed Reading_ deceptive deceptive: adj.Detailed Readingsth. that is deceptive seems to be one thing but is in fact very differentIt’s deceptive — from the outside, the building looks small, but inside, it’s quite big.Appearances are often deceptive.
65 Detailed Reading_ guarantee v.Detailed Reading1. make a formal written promise to repair or replace a product if it breaks within a specific period of timeThe fridge is guaranteed for two years.这手表保修三年。They guarantee the watch for three years.2. promise to do sth. or to promise that sth. will happenI can’t guarantee to work for more than a year.我保证你会喜欢这本书。I guarantee that you’ll like this book.n. a formal promise that sth. will be doneThere is no guarantee that the dispute will not flare up again.
66 Detailed Reading_ guarantee2 CF: guarantee, ensure & promiseguaranteeensurepromise这些动词都有“保证”之意。指对东西的质量或某事肯定会发生的保证。侧重使人相信某事会发生。侧重表自己的主观意向，设法用语言使别人感到可靠。Detailed ReadingDirections: Fill in the blanks with the three words listed above, change the forms where necessary.1. They have delivery.2. He faithfully to call me every week.3. The airline is taking steps to safety on its aircraft.4. The role of the police is to that the law is obeyed.5. Can I have that book back when you’ve finished because I’veit to Sara.6. Their 2-0 victory today has the Italian team a place in the Cup Final.7. Her parents her a new car if she passed her exams.8. The label on this bread says it is free of / from preservatives.__________guaranteed________promised______ensure______ensure________promised________ensured________promised__________guaranteed
67 Detailed Reading_ strength strength: n.Detailed Readingthe quality of being brave or determined in dealing with difficult or unpleasant situationsHe showed great strength of character when he refused to accept the bribes.Admitting you’ve made a mistake is a sign of strength, not weakness.
68 Detailed Reading_ generate generate: v.Detailed Reading1. produce or cause sth.Her latest film has generated a lot of interest.新的发展将创造许多新岗位。The new development will generate many new jobs.2. produce heat, electricity, or another form of energyWind turbines generate electricity for the local community.
69 Detailed Reading_ ingredient ingredient: n.Detailed Reading1. a quality you need to achieve sth.Mental illness and detachment from society are the ingredients of suicide.信任是幸福婚姻的要素。Trust is a vital ingredient in a happy marriage.2. one of the foods that you use to make a particular food or dishThe list of ingredients included 250g of almonds.将原料放在盆里调匀。Mix all the ingredients in a bowl.Collocations:basic ingredientprincipal ingredient
70 Detailed Reading_ get away with not be caught or punished when you have done sth. wrongDetailed ReadingIf I thought I could get away with it, I wouldn’t pay any tax at all.他考试作弊是如何得逞的？How did he get away with cheating?
71 Detailed Reading_ ups and downs (informal) the mixture of good and bad experiences that happen in any situation or relationshipDetailed ReadingLife is full of ups and downs.
72 Detailed Reading_ confide confide: v.tell sb. you trust about personal things that you do not want other people to knowDetailed ReadingHe confided his innermost secrets to her.他向我透露说他坐过五年牢。He confided to me that he had spent five years in prison.
73 After Reading_ useful expressions 1. 为银行做咨询consult for a bankUseful Expressions2. 一步一步升迁rise through the ranksSpot Dictation3. 忧郁和沮丧情绪gloom and doomSentence Completion4. 缺乏信任lack of trustOptional Classroom Activities5. 与……有染having an affair with…Discussion6. 长远的后果long-term consequencesGroup Activity7. 亵渎了神圣的信任violate a sacred trustPicture Talking8. 为你的生活指引方向give your life directionDiscussion and Writing9. 内在价值inner valuesProverbs and Quotations10. 品行不端moral failing11. 现代生活的一个困境a dilemma of modern life12. 杰出人物eminent figures
74 After Reading_ useful expressions2 13. 我们生活的指南the guideline of our livesUseful Expressions14. 浅薄的说法superficial mottoesSpot Dictation15. 楷模role modelSentence Completion16. 由内而外inside outOptional Classroom Activities17. 道德账户character accountDiscussion18. 缔造幸福的婚姻create a happy marriageGroup Activity19. 品德成熟的关键因素essential ingredient for character growthPicture Talking20. 容易犯错be vulnerable to lapsesDiscussion and Writing21. 起落，沉浮ups and downsProverbs and Quotations22. 讨论士气问题address morale problem23. 开诚布公的气氛a sense of openness24. 找到了修炼自己品德的道路find one’s own path to character
75 After Reading_ spot Dictation Directions: Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks with what you have heard.Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationThere are many children and adolescents whose behavior is generally unacceptable. They swear is around them or they listen to the songs while the teacher is talking to them parents who refuse to discipline their children are not helping them. Kids who what being polite means will pay the price When they join the work force, their employers and alike will soon realize that the behavior of these rude young people is closer to that of animals rather than When they lose a few contracts because they talk , or when they say “Bob” to someone who should be “Mr. Johnson,” these grown-up kids, because of their ignorance, will never understand why others are and they are not.Sentence Completion_______________no matter whoOptional Classroom Activities__________Indifferent___________have no ideaDiscussion____________sooner or later__________Group ActivityassociatesPicture Talking_________________civilized individualsDiscussion and Writing__________________with their mouth fullProverbs and Quotations____________getting ahead
76 After Reading_ Sentence Completion Directions: Choose the suitable words from the table below and complete the following sentences. Change the form where necessary.Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionsuspicionconstitutecasualperformancefigureshiftinfiniteconsultcriticalprofitOptional Classroom Activities1. I a doctor about my pains.2. You don’t expect to make much within the first couple of years of setting up a company.3. Since they discovered the truth about his background, his colleagues have regarded him with4. It was just a comment and I didn’t mean it to be taken so seriously.5. The tools around in the car boot every time we turn a corner.________consultedDiscussion_______profitGroup ActivityPicture TalkingDiscussion and Writing___________suspicionProverbs and Quotations_______casual_______shift
77 After Reading_ Sentence Completion2 Directions: Choose the suitable words from the table below and complete the following sentences. Change the form where necessary.Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionsuspicionconstitutecasualperformancefigureshiftinfiniteconsultcriticalprofitOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussion18.104.22.168.10.Some athletes take drugs to improve theirThe under-18s nearly 25% of the town’s population.The President’s support is to this project.He was once a leading in the community, but now he has become a figure of fun.With patience, she explained the complex procedure to us.___________performance_________Group Activityconstitute_______criticalPicture Talking_______figureDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations_______infinite
78 After Reading_ Discussion Directions: Discuss with your partners on “What you should do and what you shouldn’t do in order to be trustworthy?” and then fill in the following table.Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionIntegrityYou shouldstand up for your beliefs.follow your conscience.be upright.have the courage to do what is right and to try new things even when it is difficult.Optional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionGroup ActivityPicture TalkingYou shouldn’tdo anything morally wrong.lose heart if you fail or don’t get what you want.Discussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
79 After Reading_ Discussion2 HonestyYou shouldtell the truth.be sincere.Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationYou shouldn’tlie / cheat / steal.Sentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesReliabilityYou shouldkeep your promises.be dependable.do what you are supposed to do.DiscussionGroup ActivityLoyaltyYou shouldstand by and protect your family, friends…keep secrets for those who trust you.Picture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and QuotationsYou shouldn’tbetray your friends...
80 After Reading_ Group Activity “Who do I trust?” is a tough question to answer. As a young student, you may often hear the advice that when you have problems or difficulties, you may confide in a friend, a teacher or an adult you trust and seek advice from him or her. Work together with your group members to answer the questions and to do the discussion.Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionStep 1: Think about the following quesions.Group ActivityPicture Talking1. Did you ever have any problems (e.g. financial, emotional or academic problems) that you can’t solve by yourself?2. Whom did you fall back on?3. Why did you trust him / her?4. How did he / she help you?Discussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
81 After Reading_ Group Activity2 Useful ExpressionsStep 2: Discuss your answers in your groups.Spot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionGroup ActivityPicture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
82 After Reading_ picture talking1 Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionGroup ActivityPicture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
83 After Reading_ picture talking2 Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionGroup ActivityPicture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
84 After Reading_ picture talking2 Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionGroup ActivityPicture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
85 After Reading_ picture talking2 Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionGroup ActivityPicture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
86 After Reading_ picture talking2 Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionGroup ActivityPicture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
87 After Reading_ picture talking2 Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionGroup ActivityPicture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
88 After Reading_ picture talking2 Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionGroup ActivityPicture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
89 After Reading_ Discussion and Writing Many stories have demonstrated to us that character is something that gives life meaning and depth, and we can enjoy true happiness only by making character the guideline of our lives. Have you had any experience or read any story that conveys the above message? Discuss with your partners, then write an essay (of about 150 words) based on your understanding of the importance of character.Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionGroup ActivityPicture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
90 After Reading_ Discussion and Writing2 A widespread belief in modern society is that a person can succeed with talent, personal effort and luck alone, regardless of character. However, history has proven over and over again that the morally defective cannot be truly successful, even if they at times enjoy some temporary glory.A typical example is found in the story of four brilliant Cambridge students. They were all talented and eventually worked their way up to very important positions in the British government, with one even ending up working in the Buckingham Palace. During and after World War II, however, they betrayed their country by giving away national secrets to the Soviet Union, which damaged the interests of Britain in many ways.Eventually what they had done was uncovered. Three of them fled the country and ended up in exile; the fourth lost his knighthood in disgrace. “Intelligent” and “successful” as they once were, they are now remembered as traitors to their country.Useful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom ActivitiesDiscussionGroup ActivityPicture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations
91 After Reading_ proverbs and quotations1 1. Personality is to man what perfume is to a flower.Useful ExpressionsSpot Dictation品格之于人，犹如芳香之于花。Sentence Completion2. A good fame is better than a good face.Optional Classroom Activities美名胜于美貌。Discussion3. Virtue is a jewel of great price.Group Activity美德乃是无价宝。Picture TalkingDiscussion and Writing4. To be virtuous is to do good.Proverbs and Quotations行善即是有德。
92 After Reading_ proverbs and quotations2 5. Morality is not really the doctrine of how to make ourselves happy but of how we are to be worthy of happiness.— Kant, German PhilosopherUseful ExpressionsSpot DictationSentence CompletionOptional Classroom Activities道德确实不是指导人们如何使自己幸福的教条，而是指导人们如何配享有幸福的学说。—— 德国哲学家 康德DiscussionGroup Activity6. Distrust can be contagious. But, so can trust.— Stacia, British writerPicture TalkingDiscussion and WritingProverbs and Quotations不信任有传染性，但是信任也是如此。—— 英国作家 斯达卡