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Before Reading_ An English Song

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1 Before Reading_ An English Song
Directions: When listening to the song, fill in the blanks and then discuss the following questions. An English Song I Believe I Can Fly What’s the theme of the song? What can you learn from it? Topic-related Prediction Warm-up Questions Blank Filling Word Web Background Information Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson

2 Before Reading_ An English Song1
I Believe I Can Fly An English Song I used to think that I could not go wrong And life was nothing but an awful song But now I know the I am leaning on the everlasting arms If I can see it, then I can do it If I , there is nothing to it I believe I can fly I believe I can I think about it every night and day Spread my wings and I believe I can soar I see me that open door I Believe I Can Fly Topic-related Prediction ________________ meaning of true love Warm-up Questions Blank Filling ___________ just believe it Word Web Background Information ___________ touch the sky Benjamin Franklin ________ fly away Thomas Jefferson running through _____________

3 Before Reading_ An English Song2
See I was on the verge of Sometimes silence can seem so loud There are miracles in life But first I know it starts inside of me If I can see it, If I just believe it, there is nothing to it I believe I can fly I believe I can touch the sky I every night and day Spread my wings and fly away I believe I can soar I see me running through that open door _____________ breaking down I Believe I Can Fly I must achieve _____________ Topic-related Prediction Warm-up Questions _____________ then I can do it Blank Filling Word Web Background Information _____________ think about it Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson

4 Before Reading_ An English Song3
Yeah, because I you If I can see it, then I can do it If I just believe it, there is I believe I can fly I believe I can touch the sky I think about it every night and day and fly away I believe I can soar I see me running through that open door If I just spread I can fly If I just spread my wings _________ believe in An English Song I Believe I Can Fly ___________ nothing to it Topic-related Prediction Warm-up Questions Blank Filling _______________ Spread my wings Word Web Background Information Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson ___________ my wings

5 Before Reading_ Topic related Prediction
Directions: Do you know your own character? Connect the adjectives describing character or personality with the people in the cartoons. An English Song I Believe I Can Fly Topic-related Prediction Warm-up Questions sociable conceited generous mean rebellious confident superstitious unselfish vain sympathetic lazy independent Blank Filling Word Web Background Information Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson ( ) conceited ( ) unselfish

6 Before Reading_ Topic related Prediction2
An English Song I Believe I Can Fly Topic-related Prediction Warm-up Questions Blank Filling Word Web ( ) mean ( ) vain Background Information Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson ( ) lazy ( ) confident

7 Before Reading_ Topic related Prediction2
An English Song I Believe I Can Fly Topic-related Prediction Warm-up Questions Blank Filling Word Web ( ) independent ( ) sociable Background Information Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson ( ) sympathetic ( ) rebellious

8 Before Reading_ Topic related Prediction3
An English Song I Believe I Can Fly Topic-related Prediction Warm-up Questions Blank Filling Word Web Background Information ( ) generous ( ) superstitious Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson

9 Before Reading_ warm-up Questions
1. Do you think it is important for you to develop character? Explain your reasons. 2. Who do you trust most in your everyday life? Why? 3. What moral values do you honour in your life? 4. What are the typical virtues of Chinese people in your opinion? An English Song I Believe I Can Fly Topic-related Prediction Warm-up Questions Blank Filling Word Web Background Information Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson

10 Before Reading_ blank filling
Directions: Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks with what you have heard. “Virtues” are particular good qualities in someone’s character. They enable us to the moral principles we have adopted. Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity, An English Song ______ pursue I Believe I Can Fly fairness ______, Topic-related Prediction self-control and prudence are all examples of virtues. How does a person develop virtues? Virtues are developed through learning and As the ancient philosopher Aristotle suggested, a person can improve his or her character by practicing , while a good character can be corrupted by repeated self-indulgence the ability to run a marathon develops through a lot of training and practice, so does our capacity to be fair, , or to be compassionate. Warm-up Questions practice _______. Blank Filling ___________ self-discipline Word Web _______ Just as Background Information Benjamin Franklin ______________ to be courageous Virtues are habits. That is, once they are acquired, they become of a person. For example, a person who has developed the virtue of generosity is often referred to Thomas Jefferson ___________ characteristic ____________ ______ as a generous person because he or she tends to be generous in all circumstances. Moreover, a person who has developed virtues will be naturally disposed to act in ways that ________________ are consistent with moral principles.

11 Before Reading_ word web
Directions: What words will occur to you whenever we mention “character & personality”. Write down as many words as possible. An English Song I Believe I Can Fly Topic-related Prediction sympathetic, considerate, energetic, enthusiastic, frank, generous, pleasant, serious, persistent, sociable, easy-going, sharp-minded, hot-tempered, self-confident, determined… Warm-up Questions Blank Filling Word Web Background Information Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson

12 Before Reading_ Benjamin Franklin
An English Song American printer, author, diplomat, philosopher and scientist I Believe I Can Fly Birth January 17, 1706 Topic-related Prediction Death April 17, 1790 Warm-up Questions Place of Birth Boston, Massachusetts Blank Filling Being Know for contributing to the formation of the United States and representing the country abroad Word Web Background Information experimenting with electricity and developing inventions Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson leaving home in Boston at the age of 17, eventually establishing himself as a printer in Philadelphia 1723 serving several terms as a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly

13 Before Reading_ Benjamin Franklin2
An English Song 1752 conducting his famous experiment with a kite, proving that lightning is an electrical phenomenon I Believe I Can Fly 1775 serving as a member of the Second Continental Congress, and being appointed to the committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence Topic-related Prediction Warm-up Questions Blank Filling serving as ambassador to France, successfully securing French support for the newly formed United States Word Web Background Information 1785 winning election as president of the Executive Council of Pennsylvania Benjamin Franklin 1787 helping to establish consensus on the provisions for a federal government as a member of the Constitutional Convention Thomas Jefferson

14 Before Reading_ Thomas Jefferson
An English Song I Believe I Can Fly Thomas Jefferson was the author of the Declaration of Independence, a principal leader in the American Revolution, and the third president of the United States. Jefferson was also regarded as a great political thinker and diplomat. The U.S. doubled its area in 1803 when he bought the territory west of the Mississippi, which was called the Louisiana Purchase. Topic-related Prediction Warm-up Questions Blank Filling Word Web Background Information Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson

15 Global Reading_ Part Division of the Text
Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas 1 1~5 The bank president’s failing was one of character. Part Division of the Text Further Understanding 2 6~13 The author insists that what really matters for success is one’s character rather than one’s personality. Questions and Answers True or False 3 14~22 One can build character at any age with the inside-out approach and by admitting mistakes. One’s family provides a critical measure of one’s character and the opportunity to nurture it. 4 23~28 The bank president was forgiven by his wife and his employees after he admitted his mistake. He then began to find his own path to character.

16 Global Reading_ Questions and answers
1. What is character made up of according to Stephen R. Covey? Part Division of the Text Character is made up of those principles and values that give your life direction, meaning and depth, such as integrity, honesty, courage, fairness and generosity. Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False 2. What can we learn from the examples of Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson? Their examples tell us that we can only experience true success and happiness by making character the guideline of our lives. 3. What was the change in the basic view of success after we moved into the industrial age and after World War I? Success became more a function of charm, skills and techniques that lubricate the process of human interaction.

17 Global Reading_ Questions and answers2
4. Why does the author think that seeking heroes in athletes, musicians and powerful business executives does not necessarily provide us with good role models? Part Division of the Text Further Understanding Because the author thinks that skill can never guarantee happiness and fulfillment though it is certainly needed for success. Happiness and fulfillment come from developing character. Questions and Answers True or False

18 Global Reading_ True or False
1. The key point to building character is learning how to start from within yourself and proceed to the world outside. Part Division of the Text ( ) T Further Understanding Questions and Answers 2. Being a more responsible employee is very important to your future promotion. ( ) T True or False 3. Trust is not the essential ingredient for character. ( ) F There’s no more essential ingredient for character growth than trust. 4. Family is the place to build our character and hide who we really are. ( ) F True character begins at home. 5. An excellent employee used to treat his / her spouse casually. ( ) F An excellent employee treats his / her spouse well.

19 Detailed Reading_t0 Many tend to believe that the only things we need for success are talent, energy and personality. Yet the story of the young and competent executive in the following text demonstrates that such values as integrity, honesty, and loyalty are even more essential for our success and happiness Detailed Reading

20 Detailed Reading_t1 Why Character Counts Stephen R. Covey
Some time ago I was asked to consult for a bank that was having a problem with employee morale. “I don’t know what’s wrong,” complained their young president sadly. Bright and attractively capable, he’d risen through the ranks only to see his institution faltering. Productivity and profits were down. He blamed his employees. “No matter what incentives I provide,” he said, “they won’t shake off this gloom and doom.” He was right. The atmosphere seemed poisoned with suspicion and lack of trust. For two months I ran workshops, but nothing helped. I was stumped.

21 Detailed Reading_t2 Finally, in more casual conversations, the truth emerged. The boss, who was married, was having an affair with an employee. And everyone knew it. It was obvious now that the company’s poor performance was caused by his conduct. But the greatest damage this man was doing was to himself. He was thinking only of his own pleasure and satisfaction disregarding long-term consequences. Moreover, he had violated a sacred trust with his wife. Detailed Reading In a word, his failing was one of character. What Really Matters Character is made up of those principles and values that give your life direction, meaning and depth. These constitute your inner sense of what’s right and wrong based not on laws or rules of conduct but on who you are.

22 Detailed Reading_t3 They include such traits as integrity, honesty, courage, fairness and generosity which arise from the hard choices we have to make in life. So, wrong is simply in doing wrong, not in getting caught. Yet some people wonder if our inner values matter anymore. After all, hasn’t our noted bank executive succeeded in every visible way, despite his moral failing? This question demonstrates a dilemma of our modern life. Many have come to believe that the only things we need for success are talent, energy and personality. But history has taught us that who we are is more important than who we appear to be. Detailed Reading

23 Detailed Reading_t4 During the nation’s first century and a half, almost everything in the literature of success and self-help focused on what could be called the character ethic. Such eminent figures as Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson made clear their belief Detailed Reading that we can only experience true success and happiness by making character the guideline of our lives. After we moved into the industrial age and after World War I, the basic view of success shifted to what we could call the personality ethic. Success became more a function of charm, skills and techniques that lubricate the process of human interaction. Rather than struggle with difficult issues of right and wrong, we turned to making things run smoothly.

24 Detailed Reading_t5 Some of that philosophy expressed itself with harmless but superficial mottoes, such as “smiling wins more friends than frowning.” Other ideas were even deceptive, faking interest in others’ hobbies so they will like you, for instance. With a value system based solely on skill and personality, we find heroes in athletes, musicians and in powerful business executives. But despite the admiration we feel for these achievers, we shouldn’t necessarily look upon them as role models. While skill is certainly needed for success, it can never guarantee happiness and fulfillment. These come from developing character. You can begin to build character at any age. The key is learning how to look within to work inside out. With the inside-out approach, private victories precede public victories. These private victories are simply promises you make to yourself and others and then keep. Detailed Reading Start at Home

25 Detailed Reading_t6 Day by day, as you make and keep increasingly challenging promises, you will be making deposits in your “character account.” What begins as great effort will eventually become a habit. And as you get into the habit of building character in the smaller areas of your life, your ability to develop character strength in more important spheres will grow. Detailed Reading Private victories therefore lead to your larger public victories. For instance, to gain more freedom to think and act in your job, you must first be a more responsible employee. To create a happy marriage, first be the kind of person who generates love, generosity, dependability and trust.

26 Detailed Reading_t7 There’s no more essential ingredient for character growth than trust. Whether it is trust we earn from colleagues or a spouse, it is built slowly over time in an infinite variety of circumstances. Another way to build character is to admit your mistakes. Character is revealed in how we handle things that go wrong. The best opportunities to build character, however, are within our families, where we are constantly tested and most vulnerable to lapses. True character begins at home. Often we sense that we can get away with things around those who know us best, who will love us regardless of our conduct. This can end up destroying our character and our relationships How often have we heard of someone who is an excellent employee but treats his or her spouse like a piece of furniture? Detailed Reading

27 Detailed Reading_t8 All our relationships follow the patterns of life; they have ups and downs. This is why our families provide a critical measure of our character and the opportunity, again and again, to nurture it. What became of the bank president who was involved sexually with an employee? When I confided to him what I knew of his affair and the effect it was having on his staff, he ran his fingers through his hair. “I don’t know where to begin,” he said. “Is it over?” He looked me directly in the eye. “Yes. Absolutely.” Detailed Reading “Then begin by talking with your wife,” I answered. He told his wife, who forgave him. Then he called a meeting of his staff and addressed their morale problem. “I have found the cause of the problem,” he said. “It is me. I am asking you to give me another chance.”

28 Detailed Reading_t9 It took time, but eventually the employees’ morale, a sense of openness, optimism and trust improved. In the end, however, the executive was doing himself the greatest favor. He was finding his own path to character. Detailed Reading

29 Detailed Reading_t2_He was
He was thinking only of his own pleasure and satisfaction disregarding long-term consequences. Detailed Reading 1. What’s the grammatical function of “disregarding long-term consequences”? 现在分词短语作状语。 More examples: She went out, slamming the door. I fell, striking my head against the door and cutting it. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 他只顾自己一时的享乐和满足,不管长远的后果。

30 Detailed Reading_t4_During
During the nation’s first century and a half, almost everything in the literature of success and self-help focused on what could be called the character ethic. Detailed Reading 1. Paraphrase this sentence. During the first 150 years of our country, almost everything written about success and self-help centered on the importance of good character for success. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 在我国历史最初的150多年中,几乎所有关于成功与自励的文献都聚焦在所谓的品德标准方面。

31 Detailed Reading_t4_rather
Rather than struggle with difficult issues of right and wrong, we turned to making things run smoothly. Detailed Reading 1. What does the author intend to say? Instead of struggling in our minds about whether our actions are morally right or wrong, we concentrated on how to make things go easier. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 我们不会在大是大非的痛苦问题上纠缠,而专注于如何使事情顺利运作。

32 Detailed Reading_t5_the key
The key is learning how to look within to work inside out. Detailed Reading 1. Paraphrase the sentence. The key point to building character is learning how to start from within yourself and proceed to the world outside. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 关键是要学会如何内省,然后由内而外,推己及人。

33 Detailed Reading_t6_day by day
Day by day, as you make and keep increasingly challenging promises, you will be making deposits in your “character account.” Detailed Reading 1. What does “character account” mean in the sentence? “Character account” means you will improve your character gradually in the same way as you save your money in the bank. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 日复一日,你许下并恪守越来越有挑战性的诺言,你也同时在往你的“道德账户”上存“钱”。

34 Detailed Reading_t7_there’s no more
There’s no more essential ingredient for character growth than trust. Detailed Reading 1. Paraphrase the sentence. The most important factor in character growth is trust. 2. Translate this sentence into Chinese. 在品德成熟的过程中,没有哪一种因素会比信任更加关键的了。

35 Detailed Reading_t7_how often
How often have we heard of someone who is an excellent employee but treats his or her spouse like a piece of furniture? Detailed Reading 1. What rhetorical device is used in the sentence? Simile. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 我们会不会经常听说这样的人,比如一个很出色的员工,却把自己的配偶当作一件家具那样对待?

36 Detailed Reading_t8_this is why
This is why our families provide a critical measure of our character and the opportunity, again and again, to nurture it. Detailed Reading 1. What’s the meaning of the sentence? This is the reason why our families are important as places where our character is constantly tested and gradually improved. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 这就是为什么我们的家庭能为我们的品德提供一个重要的量度,而且不断提供机会滋养它。

37 Detailed Reading_ competent
competent: adj. having enough skill or knowledge to do sth. to a satisfactory standard Detailed Reading I wouldn’t say he was brilliant but he was competent at his job. CF: competent, able, capable competent able capable 这些形容词均含有“有能力的,能干的”之意 强调具有能胜任某项工作的足够技能或其它所需的条件。 最常用的词,多用于褒义,着重指有能力做某事,常用于 be able to这个词组。 语气弱于able,指有能力、有潜力做某事,常与of连用。

38 Detailed Reading_ competent2
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the three words above. Detailed Reading 1. Will she be to cope with the work? 2. I think your plan is of being improved. 3. We need to get an assistant who’s and efficient. 4. She is in / for her work. 5. It’s so wonderful to be to see the sea from my window. 6. This court is not with regard to your case. ____ able _______ capable _______ capable _________ competent ____ able _________ competent

39 Detailed Reading_ intergrity
integrity: n. Detailed Reading 1. the quality of being honest and strong about what you believe to be right No one doubted that the president was a man of the highest integrity. Bill is really a man of integrity. 2. (formal) the state of being united as one complete thing A modern extension on the old building will ruin its architectural integrity. 他们竭尽全力保持自己的文化完整。 They tried their best to keep their cultural integrity intact.

40 Detailed Reading_ consult
1. v. ask for information or advice from sb. because it is their job to know sth. I’m not quite sure how to get there — I’d better consult a map. 2. v. discuss sth. with sb. so that you can make a decision together Why didn’t you consult me about this? 他们将就如何开展竞选活动进行磋商。 They are going to consult on how to launch the election campaign. Patterns: consult sb. about sth. consult with

41 Detailed Reading_ morale
morale: n. the level of confidence and positive feelings that people have, especially people who work together, who belong to the same team, etc. Detailed Reading A couple of victories would improve the team’s morale enormously. 长期的失业使得他精神不振。 A long period of unemployment weakened his morale.

42 Detailed Reading_ rise through the ranks
make progress from a low position to a high position Detailed Reading On our ships, the officers rose through the ranks and every young sailor boy had his chances. She had joined the company as a secretary and risen through the ranks.

43 Detailed Reading_ stump
stump: v. if you are stumped by a question or problem, you are unable to find an answer to it Detailed Reading I’m completely stumped. 我很为难, 简直不知如何是好。 I’m stumped: I just don’t know what to do.

44 Detailed Reading_ emerge
emerge: v. Detailed Reading 1. appear or come out from somewhere She emerged from the sea, blue with cold. 太阳从云朵后面钻出来。 The sun emerged from behind a cloud. 2. if facts emerge, they become known after being hidden or secret Differences on the issues have emerged. 经彻底调查,总的情况明朗了。 After thorough investigation there emerged an overall picture. Pattern: emerge from

45 Detailed Reading_ affair
affair: n. Detailed Reading 1. a secret sexual relationship between two people, when at least one of them is married to sb. else She’s having an affair with a married man. He had an affair with his boss that lasted six years. 2. things connected with your personal life, your financial situation, etc. She organizes her financial affairs very efficiently. 别理我,管好你自己的事。 Leave me alone; mind your own affairs.

46 Detailed Reading_ affair2
CF: affair, business & matter affair business matter 这些名词均含“事情”之意。 含义较广,侧重指与你个人生活有关的事务。复数形式多指 重大或较复杂的事务。 通常指生意上的事情。 普通用词,着重指一件不得不考虑的或需要处理的事。 Detailed Reading Directions: Fill in the blanks with the three words above. Change the forms where necessary. 1. The minister deals with important 2. Will you phone me back — it’s a of some importance. 3. Our firm does a lot of with overseas customers. 4. Currently, there are fewer firms in in the area than ever before. 5. Talking about the world’s problems is one thing, but solving them is another altogether. 6. What I do in my spare time is my 7. Mary denied any knowledge of the 8. Eventually they found a consultant they felt they could do with. ______. affairs ______ matter ________ business ________ business _______ matter ______. affair ______. matter ________ business

47 Detailed Reading_ obvious
obvious: adj. easy to notice or understand Detailed Reading They have a small child so for obvious reasons they need money. It was obvious that I knew very little about it.

48 Detailed Reading_ conduct
1. n. the way sb. behaves, especially in public, in their job, etc. The club has a strict code of conduct. 2. v. carry out a particular activity or process, especially in order to get information or prove facts We are conducting a survey to find out what our customers think of their local bus service. 实验是由纽约的科学家们实施完成的。 The experiments were conducted by the scientists in New York.

49 Detailed Reading_ consequence
consequence: n. sth. that happens as a result of a particular action or set of conditions Detailed Reading Well, if you insist on eating so much, you’ll have to suffer the consequences! 这项决定会带来深远的影响。 This decision will bring long-lasting consequences. Collocations: as a consequence of take the consequences (of)

50 Detailed Reading_ constitute
constitute: v. if several people or things constitute sth., they are the parts that form it Detailed Reading Women constitute about 10% of the parliament. The under-18s constitute nearly 25% of the town’s population. CF: constitute, compose & consist constitute compose consist 这些动词均含“组成,构成”之意。 正式用词,指由某些部分组成一个整体或构成某物的基本 成分。在句中,主语表事物的组成部分,宾语表示事物的 整体。 正式用词,多用被动态。指将两个或两个以上的人或物放 到一起形成一个整体。 与of连用,指一个整体由几个部分组成,或由某些材料构 成。

51 Detailed Reading_ constitute2
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the three words above. Change the forms where necessary. Detailed Reading 1. Seven days a week. 2. The house of six rooms. 3. Such action a felony (重罪). 4. Water is of hydrogen and oxygen. 5. That area’s future weather pattern might of long dry periods. _________ constitute ________ consists __________ constitutes __________ composed _______ consist

52 Detailed Reading_ trait
trait: n. (formal) a particular quality in sb’s character Detailed Reading His sense of humor is one of his good traits. 他有个不大讨人喜欢的特点,就是爱当众责备孩子。 One of his less attractive traits is criticizing his child in public.

53 Detailed Reading_ generosity
generosity: n. a generous attitude, or generous behaviour Detailed Reading Her friends take advantage of her generosity. 他以慷慨闻名。 He is known for his generosity. N.B. generosity 的形容词为 generous, 意为“慷慨的,大方的”; 其反义词为mean ,意为“吝啬的,小气的”。

54 Detailed Reading_ inner
inner: adj. Detailed Reading 1. inner thoughts or feelings are the ones that you feel strongly but do not always show to other people Sarah seemed to have a profound sense of inner peace. 2. on the inside or close to the centre of sth. Few people ever managed to penetrate the star’s inner sanctum. Leading off the main hall is a series of small inner rooms.

55 Detailed Reading_ dilemma
dilemma: n. Detailed Reading a situation in which it is very difficult to decide what to do, because all the choices seem equally good or equally bad The president is clearly in a dilemma about / over how to tackle the crisis. 医生面临的困境是要不要把事情的真相告诉病人。 The dilemma the doctor faced was whether he should tell the patient the truth. Collocations: be in a dilemma be faced with the dilemma be placed in a dilemma

56 Detailed Reading_ talent
talent: n. a natural ability to do sth. well Detailed Reading Her talent for music showed at an early age. His artistic talents were wasted in his boring job. N.B. talent的形容词形式为“talented”,意为“有天赋的;有才干的”。 CF: genius, talent , gift & ability genius talent gift ability 这些名词均可表示人的“能力,才能”之意。 语气最强,指天生的才能与智力。 着重指一个某方面具有可发展和培养的突出才能, 但语气比genius弱。 着重指一种与生俱来的能力。 普通用词,指人先天的或学来的各种能力。

57 Detailed Reading_ talent2
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the four words above. Change the forms where necessary. Detailed Reading 1. We found him work more suited to his 2. Bill possesses a remarkable for music. 3. He is hard-working and able, but no 4. He has many outstanding 5. Her are well known. 6. He has the to do the work. 7. She has always been able to learn languages easily; it’s a _______ abilities _______ talent ______. genius _______ gifts _______ talents _______ ability ____. gift

58 Detailed Reading_ personality
personality: n. sb.’s character, especially the way they behave towards other people Detailed Reading He is well qualified for the job, but he does lack personality. 她个性很强。 She has a very strong personality.

59 Detailed Reading_ figure
figure: n. Detailed Reading 1. sb. who is important or famous in some way Several leading figures resigned from the party. 2. sb. with a particular type of appearance or character, especially when they are far away or difficult to see 我看见黑暗中有个人影走近。 I saw a figure approaching in the darkness.

60 Detailed Reading_ guideline
guideline: n. rules or instructions about the best way to do sth. Detailed Reading The EU has issued guidelines on appropriate levels of pay for part-time manual workers. 现在的道德标准不像以前那么明确了。 Today the moral guidelines are less obvious than before.

61 Detailed Reading_ shift
shift: v. Detailed Reading 1. if sb.’s opinions, beliefs, etc. shift, they change Public opinion was beginning to shift to the right. He refused to shift his ground. 2. make sb. else responsible for sth., especially for sth. bad that has happened Don’t try to shift the responsibility onto others: you must do the job yourself. 3. move from one place or position to another, or make sth. do this Joe listened, shifting uncomfortably from one foot to another.

62 Detailed Reading_ shift2
CF: shift , move, transfer & remove shift move transfer remove 这些动词均可表示“从一处移往另一处”之意。 侧重位置与方向的改变。 普通用词,指从一处到另一外的任何距离的转移。 一般表示转送或移交,尤指交通运输中的换乘或职务的 调动。 作“移动”解时,与move可换用,另外还可指撤职或开除 学藉等。 Detailed Reading Directions: Fill in the blanks with the four words above. Change the forms where necessary. 1. The chief of police was for failing to do his duty. 2. Media attention recently onto environmental issues. 3 Will you help me this table to the back room? 4. I thought I could hear someone about / around upstairs. 5. She her weight uneasily from one foot to the other. 6. The men came to the rubbish from the backyard. 7. We from one bus into another. ________ removed __________ has shifted _____ move _______ moving _______ shifted _______ remove ______________ were transferred

63 Detailed Reading_ motto
motto: n. Detailed Reading a short sentence or phrase giving a rule on how to behave, which expresses the aims or beliefs of a person, school, or institution Her motto is “Work hard, play hard”. “Be prepared” is the motto of the boy scouts.

64 Detailed Reading_ deceptive
deceptive: adj. Detailed Reading sth. that is deceptive seems to be one thing but is in fact very different It’s deceptive — from the outside, the building looks small, but inside, it’s quite big. Appearances are often deceptive.

65 Detailed Reading_ guarantee
v. Detailed Reading 1. make a formal written promise to repair or replace a product if it breaks within a specific period of time The fridge is guaranteed for two years. 这手表保修三年。 They guarantee the watch for three years. 2. promise to do sth. or to promise that sth. will happen I can’t guarantee to work for more than a year. 我保证你会喜欢这本书。 I guarantee that you’ll like this book. n. a formal promise that sth. will be done There is no guarantee that the dispute will not flare up again.

66 Detailed Reading_ guarantee2
CF: guarantee, ensure & promise guarantee ensure promise 这些动词都有“保证”之意。 指对东西的质量或某事肯定会发生的保证。 侧重使人相信某事会发生。 侧重表自己的主观意向,设法用语言使别人感到可靠。 Detailed Reading Directions: Fill in the blanks with the three words listed above, change the forms where necessary. 1. They have delivery. 2. He faithfully to call me every week. 3. The airline is taking steps to safety on its aircraft. 4. The role of the police is to that the law is obeyed. 5. Can I have that book back when you’ve finished because I’ve it to Sara. 6. Their 2-0 victory today has the Italian team a place in the Cup Final. 7. Her parents her a new car if she passed her exams. 8. The label on this bread says it is free of / from preservatives. __________ guaranteed ________ promised ______ ensure ______ ensure ________ promised ________ ensured ________ promised __________ guaranteed

67 Detailed Reading_ strength
strength: n. Detailed Reading the quality of being brave or determined in dealing with difficult or unpleasant situations He showed great strength of character when he refused to accept the bribes. Admitting you’ve made a mistake is a sign of strength, not weakness.

68 Detailed Reading_ generate
generate: v. Detailed Reading 1. produce or cause sth. Her latest film has generated a lot of interest. 新的发展将创造许多新岗位。 The new development will generate many new jobs. 2. produce heat, electricity, or another form of energy Wind turbines generate electricity for the local community.

69 Detailed Reading_ ingredient
ingredient: n. Detailed Reading 1. a quality you need to achieve sth. Mental illness and detachment from society are the ingredients of suicide. 信任是幸福婚姻的要素。 Trust is a vital ingredient in a happy marriage. 2. one of the foods that you use to make a particular food or dish The list of ingredients included 250g of almonds. 将原料放在盆里调匀。 Mix all the ingredients in a bowl. Collocations: basic ingredient principal ingredient

70 Detailed Reading_ get away with
not be caught or punished when you have done sth. wrong Detailed Reading If I thought I could get away with it, I wouldn’t pay any tax at all. 他考试作弊是如何得逞的? How did he get away with cheating?

71 Detailed Reading_ ups and downs
(informal) the mixture of good and bad experiences that happen in any situation or relationship Detailed Reading Life is full of ups and downs.

72 Detailed Reading_ confide
confide: v. tell sb. you trust about personal things that you do not want other people to know Detailed Reading He confided his innermost secrets to her. 他向我透露说他坐过五年牢。 He confided to me that he had spent five years in prison.

73 After Reading_ useful expressions
1. 为银行做咨询 consult for a bank Useful Expressions 2. 一步一步升迁 rise through the ranks Spot Dictation 3. 忧郁和沮丧情绪 gloom and doom Sentence Completion 4. 缺乏信任 lack of trust Optional Classroom Activities 5. 与……有染 having an affair with… Discussion 6. 长远的后果 long-term consequences Group Activity 7. 亵渎了神圣的信任 violate a sacred trust Picture Talking 8. 为你的生活指引方向 give your life direction Discussion and Writing 9. 内在价值 inner values Proverbs and Quotations 10. 品行不端 moral failing 11. 现代生活的一个困境 a dilemma of modern life 12. 杰出人物 eminent figures

74 After Reading_ useful expressions2
13. 我们生活的指南 the guideline of our lives Useful Expressions 14. 浅薄的说法 superficial mottoes Spot Dictation 15. 楷模 role model Sentence Completion 16. 由内而外 inside out Optional Classroom Activities 17. 道德账户 character account Discussion 18. 缔造幸福的婚姻 create a happy marriage Group Activity 19. 品德成熟的关键因素 essential ingredient for character growth Picture Talking 20. 容易犯错 be vulnerable to lapses Discussion and Writing 21. 起落,沉浮 ups and downs Proverbs and Quotations 22. 讨论士气问题 address morale problem 23. 开诚布公的气氛 a sense of openness 24. 找到了修炼自己品德的道路 find one’s own path to character

75 After Reading_ spot Dictation
Directions: Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks with what you have heard. Useful Expressions Spot Dictation There are many children and adolescents whose behavior is generally unacceptable. They swear is around them or they listen to the songs while the teacher is talking to them parents who refuse to discipline their children are not helping them. Kids who what being polite means will pay the price When they join the work force, their employers and alike will soon realize that the behavior of these rude young people is closer to that of animals rather than When they lose a few contracts because they talk , or when they say “Bob” to someone who should be “Mr. Johnson,” these grown-up kids, because of their ignorance, will never understand why others are and they are not. Sentence Completion _______________ no matter who Optional Classroom Activities __________ Indifferent ___________ have no idea Discussion ____________ sooner or later __________ Group Activity associates Picture Talking _________________ civilized individuals Discussion and Writing __________________ with their mouth full Proverbs and Quotations ____________ getting ahead

76 After Reading_ Sentence Completion
Directions: Choose the suitable words from the table below and complete the following sentences. Change the form where necessary. Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion suspicion constitute casual performance figure shift infinite consult critical profit Optional Classroom Activities 1. I a doctor about my pains. 2. You don’t expect to make much within the first couple of years of setting up a company. 3. Since they discovered the truth about his background, his colleagues have regarded him with 4. It was just a comment and I didn’t mean it to be taken so seriously. 5. The tools around in the car boot every time we turn a corner. ________ consulted Discussion _______ profit Group Activity Picture Talking Discussion and Writing ___________ suspicion Proverbs and Quotations _______ casual _______ shift

77 After Reading_ Sentence Completion2
Directions: Choose the suitable words from the table below and complete the following sentences. Change the form where necessary. Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion suspicion constitute casual performance figure shift infinite consult critical profit Optional Classroom Activities Discussion 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Some athletes take drugs to improve their The under-18s nearly 25% of the town’s population. The President’s support is to this project. He was once a leading in the community, but now he has become a figure of fun. With patience, she explained the complex procedure to us. ___________ performance _________ Group Activity constitute _______ critical Picture Talking _______ figure Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations _______ infinite

78 After Reading_ Discussion
Directions: Discuss with your partners on “What you should do and what you shouldn’t do in order to be trustworthy?” and then fill in the following table. Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Integrity You should stand up for your beliefs. follow your conscience. be upright. have the courage to do what is right and to try new things even when it is difficult. Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Group Activity Picture Talking You shouldn’t do anything morally wrong. lose heart if you fail or don’t get what you want. Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

79 After Reading_ Discussion2
Honesty You should tell the truth. be sincere. Useful Expressions Spot Dictation You shouldn’t lie / cheat / steal. Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Reliability You should keep your promises. be dependable. do what you are supposed to do. Discussion Group Activity Loyalty You should stand by and protect your family, friends… keep secrets for those who trust you. Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations You shouldn’t betray your friends...

80 After Reading_ Group Activity
“Who do I trust?” is a tough question to answer. As a young student, you may often hear the advice that when you have problems or difficulties, you may confide in a friend, a teacher or an adult you trust and seek advice from him or her. Work together with your group members to answer the questions and to do the discussion. Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Step 1: Think about the following quesions. Group Activity Picture Talking 1. Did you ever have any problems (e.g. financial, emotional or academic problems) that you can’t solve by yourself? 2. Whom did you fall back on? 3. Why did you trust him / her? 4. How did he / she help you? Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

81 After Reading_ Group Activity2
Useful Expressions Step 2: Discuss your answers in your groups. Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Group Activity Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

82 After Reading_ picture talking1
Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Group Activity Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

83 After Reading_ picture talking2
Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Group Activity Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

84 After Reading_ picture talking2
Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Group Activity Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

85 After Reading_ picture talking2
Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Group Activity Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

86 After Reading_ picture talking2
Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Group Activity Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

87 After Reading_ picture talking2
Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Group Activity Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

88 After Reading_ picture talking2
Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Group Activity Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

89 After Reading_ Discussion and Writing
Many stories have demonstrated to us that character is something that gives life meaning and depth, and we can enjoy true happiness only by making character the guideline of our lives. Have you had any experience or read any story that conveys the above message? Discuss with your partners, then write an essay (of about 150 words) based on your understanding of the importance of character. Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Group Activity Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

90 After Reading_ Discussion and Writing2
A widespread belief in modern society is that a person can succeed with talent, personal effort and luck alone, regardless of character. However, history has proven over and over again that the morally defective cannot be truly successful, even if they at times enjoy some temporary glory. A typical example is found in the story of four brilliant Cambridge students. They were all talented and eventually worked their way up to very important positions in the British government, with one even ending up working in the Buckingham Palace. During and after World War II, however, they betrayed their country by giving away national secrets to the Soviet Union, which damaged the interests of Britain in many ways. Eventually what they had done was uncovered. Three of them fled the country and ended up in exile; the fourth lost his knighthood in disgrace. “Intelligent” and “successful” as they once were, they are now remembered as traitors to their country. Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities Discussion Group Activity Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations

91 After Reading_ proverbs and quotations1
1. Personality is to man what perfume is to a flower. Useful Expressions Spot Dictation 品格之于人,犹如芳香之于花。 Sentence Completion 2. A good fame is better than a good face. Optional Classroom Activities 美名胜于美貌。 Discussion 3. Virtue is a jewel of great price. Group Activity 美德乃是无价宝。 Picture Talking Discussion and Writing 4. To be virtuous is to do good. Proverbs and Quotations 行善即是有德。

92 After Reading_ proverbs and quotations2
5. Morality is not really the doctrine of how to make ourselves happy but of how we are to be worthy of happiness. — Kant, German Philosopher Useful Expressions Spot Dictation Sentence Completion Optional Classroom Activities 道德确实不是指导人们如何使自己幸福的教条,而是指导人们如何配享有幸福的学说。 —— 德国哲学家 康德 Discussion Group Activity 6. Distrust can be contagious. But, so can trust. — Stacia, British writer Picture Talking Discussion and Writing Proverbs and Quotations 不信任有传染性,但是信任也是如此。 —— 英国作家 斯达卡


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