18th Remember: At one time, in some states, people could drink alcohol, but today you can’t drink at 18.
Five Freedoms Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly and Petition
“Lame Duck” amendment or Presidential Terms
20th Remember: The 20 th Amendment states that the President will start his term on January 20 th and Congress will start January 3 rd.
Right to vote cannot be denied because of race (slaves)
15th One of the three Civil War Amendments, starting with the 13th
Right to speedy and public trial Right to confront witnesses Right to get witnesses Right to a lawyer
Election of President and Vice- president One ballot for President One ballot for Vice-president
12th Remember: The 12 th Amendment deals with how the #1 and #2 leaders will be elected
Don’t have to house soldiers during peacetime
Congress can’t raise their pay during their sessions
27 th This was originally one of the first 10 amendments submitted to the states in 1789, but the states didn’t ratify it. A sophomore in college in 1982 wrote a paper stating it was possible for it to still become an amendment, and it did.
Poll taxes abolished
24th Remember: 2,4,6,8 no more poll tax at the gate.
Income taxes allowed
16th Remember: When you are 16, you get your driver’s license, get a job, get your first check, and get a lot of money taken out of it for Income tax.
Right to bear arms
2nd Remember: You can make a gun with two fingers.
Powers reserved to the people
9th Remember: A nine can look like a person, and it is individual people that benefit from this amendment. It states that not all of the people’s rights are stated in the Constitution, and just because the Constitution didn’t mention all the rights of the people, there are still rights not listed that belong to the people.
Right to a jury in a Civil Trial
7th Remember: Seven and Civil both have the S sound. Also the 6 th and the 7 th amendment both deal with jury trials.
Two term limits for President or 10 years maximum time in office
22nd Remember: Two terms 22
1. All people born or naturalized in the U.S. are citizens 2. Due process of law applies to States 3. Representation in Congress will be reduced if states do not let Freedmen vote
Slavery is abolished
13th Remember 1 st of the three Civil War Amendments
Women get the right to vote
19th Remember: Women worked hard to get the 18 th Amendment passed and this was part of their reward so it is the next amendment.
Search and Seizures
4th Remember: Search for (4) something
Powers reserved to the States
10th Remember: 9 th dealt with rights of the people, and the 10 th deals with the rights of the states and the people
Voting age lowered to18
Senators are elected by the people, not by state legislators
17th One of the progressive movement amendments. The 16 th Amendment was the first and the 19 th is the last
Prohibition is repealed (can have alcohol again)
21st Remember: You can drink now when you are 21.
Rights of Accused Persons No double jeopardy Can’t be a witness against yourself Private party can be taken with compensation
5th Remember: Hold up your hand and say, “Stop, I have rights”
Presidential Disability and Succession
Presidential electors for the District of Columbia District of Columbia gets 3 electoral votes
23rd Remember: D.C. 23 OR The 23 rd Amendment gave the people the right 2 vote and gave 3 electors to do it.