Presentation on theme: "OST164 Text Editing Applications Section 3 – Capitalization Part I: Paragraphs 301-317."— Presentation transcript:
OST164 Text Editing Applications Section 3 – Capitalization Part I: Paragraphs 301-317
Basic Rules ¶ 301 Capitalize the first word of: Every sentence. An expression used as a sentence. H ow come? S o much for that. A quoted sentence. Mrs. Eckstein herself said, “ W e surely have not heard the complete story.” An independent question within a sentence. The principal asked, “ W ho broke the window?”
Basic Rules (¶ 301 cont’d) Capitalize the first word of: Each item displayed in a list or outline. Here is a powerful problem-solving tool: B ecome an effective leader. I mprove your relations with others C ope with stressful situations on the job. Each line in a poem. Always follow the style of the poem, however. The salutation and complimentary closing of a letter. D ear Mrs. Pancetta: S incerely yours,
Proper Nouns ¶303 Capitalize every proper noun, that is the official name of a particular person, place, or thing. Also capitalize the pronoun, “ I.” Jerry and I are dancing. Prepositions (like “of”, “for”, and “in”) are not capitalized unless they have four or more letters (like “with” and “from”). The United States of America The articles “a” and “an” are not capitalized; the article “the” is capitalized only under special circumstances. The article “Love is a Treasure” was great. Conjunctions (like “and” and “or”) are also not capitalized. My favorite article was “School and You.” However, follow the capitalization style used by the owner of the name.
Proper Nouns ¶304 Capitalize adjectives derived from proper nouns. American (noun) American (adj.) Russian (noun) Russian (adj.) Hispanics (noun) Hispanic (adj.) Exceptions: Congresscongressional Senatesenatorial Constitutionconstitutional
Proper Nouns ¶305 Capitalize imaginative names and nicknames that designate particular persons, places or things. the Founding FathersMother NatureAmber Alert El Nino and La Ninathe Middle Agesa Big Mac a Good Samaritanthe First LadyGround Zero the Queen Beethe Big KahunaBig Brother Mr. Nice GuySmokey BearGeneration X
Do not capitalize nouns used as general terms of classification. Capitalize the common noun only when it is used as part of a proper noun. the actThe Clayton Antitrust Act a hotelHotel California the doctor Doctor Ray the pastorPastor Jonnson the professorProfessor Anderson the riverthe Neuse River a boulevardSunset Boulevard the Boston airportthe Logan Airport (serving Boston) the streetthe Ninth Street Common Nouns ¶307-308-309a
Treat a person’s name exactly as the person does. Respect individual preferences. In names containing the prefix O’ – always capitalize the O and the letter following the apostrophe. O’Brian Watch for differences in capitalization and spacing in names containing prefixes. d’, da, de, della, l’, la, van When a surname with an uncapitalized prefix stands alone, capitalized the prefix to prevent a misreading. Paul de Luca Mr. de Luca Is De Luca leaving? Charles de Gaulle served… De Gaulle served… Special Rules ¶311 Personal Names
Capitalize all official titles of honor and respect when they precede personal names. Yesderday, President Julia McLeod didn’t… Did Chairperson Dean say… Do not capitalize such titles when the personal name that follows is in apposition and is set off by commas. Yesterday, the president, Julia McLeod, didn’t… Did the chairperson, Bob Knight, say… Do not capitalize occupational titles preceding a name; for example, author, surgeon, publisher. Special Rules ¶312-313 Titles With Personal Names
Special Rules ¶313 Titles With Personal Names Retain the capitalization in the titles of high-ranking national, state, and international officials when they follow or replace a specific personal. National - The President, the Vice President, Secretary of State, Attorney General, the Speaker (of the House) State - Governor, Lieutenant Governor Foreign Dignitaries - Queen of England, the King, the Prime Minister International - the Pope, Secretary-General of the United States
Special Rules ¶313 Titles With Personal Names Always capitalize titles used in/on: A personal name in an inside address. A complimentary closing. An envelope. A business card.
Special Rules ¶313 Titles With Personal Names Titles of local governmental officials and those of lesser federal and state officials are not usually capitalized when they follow or replace a personal name. The mayor promised only last fall to hold the city sales tax at its present level. Francis Fahey, mayor of Coventry, Rhode Island, appeared before a House committee today. I saw Mayor Jones yesterday here on campus. However, these titles are sometimes capitalized in writing intended for a limited readership.
Do not capitalize late, former, ex-, -elect, acting, or –designate when used in titles. The late President Truman former President Carter Mayor-elect Ellen Kourmadas acting Superintendent Alex Beaudette Chairman-designate Fenton Fogg Special Rules ¶317