Democracy Democracy : demos= people; kratos= power --> Form of organization and political leadership of the society in which the supreme power is exercised by the people In a state, the decision making process belongs to the Parliament ---> representants chosen by citizens President ---> chosen by citizens ==> the power belongs to the citizens Citizens are responsible for their choises, the situation of the country indirectly, by their vote.
Human Rights 1. International human rights treaties 2. Principle of equal rights and equal opportunities 3. The right to defense and the principle of non-discriminatory access to justice 4. Right to life, right to health, and the right to a healthy environment 5. Individual liberty and freedom of movement of the individual 6. Intimate, inviolability of the home and secrecy of correspondence 7. Freedom of conscience 8. Freedom of expression 9. Freedom of information 10.The right to education and access to culture
Human Rights 11. Citizen's right to vote and to be elected 12. Citizen's right of legislative initiative 13. Citizen's right to organize and participate in public meetings 14. Freedom of association 15. Work and the right to strike 16. Economic freedom 17. The right to private property and the right to inheritance 18. Protection of children and young 19. Protection of Persons with Disabilities 20. Right to petition 21. The right of a person aggrieved by a public authority 22. Restriction of certain rights or freedoms
Participatory democracy - There is evidence to suggest that young people are unlikely to become more interestedin voting with increased age. - An interest in politics begins to become more apparent when people become taxpayers, mortgage-holders and ‘stakeholders’ with something to lose as well as gain. The reaction of young people regarding: - the right to vote: they are sceptical about the capacity of the political process to deliver positive change - information: conditioned by the proximity of it - media (television): ignorance !!! Media is the forth power in a state. INFORMATION = POWER
Research A BMRB/CYPU (British Market Research Bureau / Children’s and Young People’s Unit) survey in the UK explored how much interest 14-19 year olds had in politics and revealed that 59% had either ‘not very much interest’ or ‘none at all’. This lack of interest and participation has been related to a range of factors including, personal or convenience issues, levels of voter registration, apathy and alienation. 10,000 young people aged 15-24 and found that 48% felt that they did not have enough opportunity to influence decisions at a community level with this increasing to 52% when influencing decisions at a national level. ----> lack of trust /disinterest ----> lack of knowledge ----> lack of transparency ---->NO POLITICAL EDUCATION (little citizenship education )
Reasons for young people’s apathy for political world and voting: Limited opportunities to participate in the political process; Ignorance or lack of knowledge about how to participate; Feeling they have better things to do; Perceiving that there is a lack of interest in their views; and Believing there is no point in voting because it is unlikely to bring about change.
Young people want politicians to: Talk to them in a language they understood; Talk to them directly, regularly and in their own environments; Listen and respond to their concerns; and Respect their diversity.
Participation in the Democratic Process Petitions Strikes Letters Badges Internet Involvement with a Trade Union Pressure Groups such as Greenpeace Conferences Boycotts Protests/marches Leaflets/flyers Community Groups Youth Councils Plays, songs or films to make a point.