Presentation on theme: "Books Summaries By Erin Salona"— Presentation transcript:
1 Books 18-24 Summaries By Erin Salona The OdysseyBooks SummariesBy Erin Salona
2 Book 18 Iros, a real beggar, orders Odysseus to leave the hall Iros challenges Odysseus to a fightAthena secretly helps Odysseus look bigger and scare IrosThe suitors are impressed and offer Odysseus, the beggar, foodOdysseus, the beggar, warns them Odysseus will return soonMelantho, the disloyal maid, insults Odysseus
3 Book NINETEEN Penelope, the Beggar, and the Nurse Odysseus and Telemachus discuss their strategy to kill the suitorsOdysseus wants to test the loyalty of Penelope and her maidsThe maids have not been loyal and have been helping the suitors
4 Book 19Odysseus, the beggar, and Penelope sit and talk, and she tells him of her problems: how she misses her husband and how she doesn’t want to remarryOdysseus, the beggar, tells a story about his identity and how he met Odysseus and he praises him
5 Book NINETEEN Penelope, the Beggar, and the Nurse Penelope cries upon hearing about her husbandOdysseus decides that Penelope passed the loyalty testOdysseus, the beggar, tells her that Odysseus is sailing homePenelope is hopeful and asks Eurycleia to wash his feet
6 Book NINETEEN Penelope, the Beggar, and the Nurse Eurycleia tells Odysseus, the beggar, that he is a lot like OdysseusThen Eurycleia sees the scar on his leg from a boar’s tusk injury on Mt. Parnassus.Eurycleia recognizes Odysseus.Odysseus swears Eurycleia to secrecy
7 Book Twenty Odysseus imagines killing the suitors as he tries to sleep The suitors are sleeping with maids in his homeAthena assures Odysseus he will defeat the suitors; she will protect him
8 Book TwentyPenelope is so miserable she asks the goddess Artemis to make her dieOdysseus hears Penelope crying and he prays to Zeus to give her a sign that he is homeZeus sends thunderThe suitors still plot to kill Telemachus
9 Book Twenty The suitors continue to abuse Odysseus, the beggar Telemachus threatens them for bothering the beggarThe suitors insist Penelope choose a suitor to marryTelemachus says he will not force his mother to marryBlood from animals they eat streams from their mouths– an omen of death
10 Book Twenty-ONE The Test of the Great Bow Penelope tells the suitors that she will marry the one who can bend, string, and shoot Odysseus’s special hunting bow through 12 ax handles.This contest takes place on a festival day for Apollo, the god of archery
11 Book Twenty-One Nobody can work Odysseus’s bow. Odysseus asks the cowherd Philoetius and the swineherd Eumaeus to help himOdysseus tells them that they were the only men who missed him
12 Book Twenty-ONE The Test of the Great Bow Odysseus will give the cowherd and swineherd wives, cattle, and homes if they help him kill the suitorsOdysseus shows them his scar to prove himselfOdysseus tells them to lock himself and all the suitors in the room when he picks up the bowPenelope allows Odysseus, the beggar, to test the bow
13 Book Twenty-ONE The Test of the Great Bow Telemachus has removed the suitors’ weapons from the hallOdysseus, the beggar, strings the bow and shoots it through the axe holesTelemachus straps on hisarmorThe fighting with the suitors begins in the next book.
14 Book TWENTY-TWO Death at the Palace *This is the climax.Odysseus takes off his beggar rags.Odysseus must fight more than 100 suitorsHe attacks Antinous, the meanest, first, and shoots an arrow into his neck.
15 Book TWENTY-TWO Death at the Palace The suitors run around, looking for their weapons and cursing Odysseus.Odysseus accuses the suitors of such things as: “using” his maids and trying to marry his wifeThe suitors, of course, don’t believe he is OdysseusEurymachus blames the suitors’ actions on Antinous’ commands
16 Book TWENTY-TWO Death at the Palace Eurymachus tells Odysseus that he and the suitors will give him gifts if he lets them goOdysseus replies, “There will be killing till the score is paid.”Telemachus, Eumaeus, and Philoetius help Odysseus kill the suitorsAthena’s shield comes to life, and she, disguised as Mentor, helps kill the suitorsAll suitors are killed by the end of the battle.
17 Book TWENTY-TWO Death at the Palace The goatheard Melanthius who has insulted Odysseus, tries to bring the suitors’ weapons to the hall. Eumaeus & Philoetius string him up alive.Odysseus rounds up the disloyal maids, forces them to clean up the mess of dead bodies, and then Telemachus hangs themOne suitor is even killed & fed to the dogs!
18 Book TWENTY-THREE Odysseus and Penelope Eurycleia announces Odysseus’s return to Penelope.Penelope suspects a trick from the gods and decides to test OdysseusTelemachus chides her for doubting Odysseus’s identityShe tells Telemachus that she and Odysseus share secret signsOdysseus tells Telemachus & the servants to stage a fake wedding feast so that nobody suspects the massacre
19 Book TWENTY-THREE Odysseus and Penelope Odysseus is made handsome by AthenaOdysseus tells Eurycleia to prepare a couch for him to sleep uponPenelope tells the nurse to carry their marriage bed out for him to sleep on—words meant to test her husbandOdysseus becomes upset because the bed was built around an olive tree that serves as a bedpost– it can’t be moved unless another man had sawed the post from the trunk
21 Book TWENTY-THREE Odysseus and Penelope Odysseus passes Penelope’s test and they embrace.Athena delays the sunrise so the couple can spend more time togetherOdysseus plans to travel to his father Laertes’ house and to seek revenge upon the suitors’ families.
22 Book TWENTY-FOUR Odysseus and His Father The ghosts of the suitors drift to the Underworld with Hermes’ help.Odysseus goes to see his elderly father Laertes, but pretends to be a traveler who entertained Odysseus 5 years ago.When Laertes begins to cry, Odysseus reveals himself, knowing his father is loyalHe proves his identity by showing his leg scar & discussing childhood memories.
23 Book TWENTY-FOUR Odysseus and His Father Odysseus, Telemacus, Laertes, and other loyal men eat together.Athena makes Laertes look younger.A battle erupts between the suitors’ families and the Ithacans; the families are furious due to the loss of the suitorsLaertes kills Antinous’ father Eupithes
24 Book Twenty-FourAthena, under Zeus’ command, makes Odysseus call off the battle, and everyone lived happily ever after.