“zone of inaccessibility” Edmund Byrne, 1998 “The right to be alone” Warren and Brandeis, 1890
“All this secrecy is making life harder, more expensive, dangerous …” Peter Cochran, BT Research “You have zero privacy anyway.” Scott McNealy, Sun “By 2010, privacy will become a meaningless concept in western society” Gartner report
Secrecy › Limiting dissemination of information Anonymity › Protection from undesired attention Solitude › Lack of proximity Ruth Gavison 1984
Deception Crime Isolation Lack of Support
Extrinsic loss of freedom › Ability of others to control our behavior › Coercion or imposition of others’ wills Intrinsic loss of freedom › Changes how we behave › “anticipatory conformity” Autonomy requires privacy
In order to trust others, need to know something about them › Privacy impedes In order to build STRONGEST trust between two people, need to create a bond › Requires privacy
Privacy and relationships How is it different from pre- computers/networks? –Electronic alter ego Identity convergence
–Privacy is not absolute in society … why ? –Willing to divulge SOME information in exchange for SOME economic or social benefit…. BUT reasonable expectation about how it’s treated…
My right to informational privacy vs. others’ right to know vs. security Does it have to be versus? Is it really a zero-sum game?
Shouldn’t I have a say? Why should I care? –Decisions made about us –Effect if data are Incomplete? Erroneous? Sensitive?
Go to the court or town hall Go through trash Interview people Eavesdrop/wiretap Surveillance Breaking and entering
Public records easier to find Publications spread faster Surveillance Keeping records of what you do on the web › Shopping › Surfing › Searching Breaches
The right to have information that you don’t expect to be available to others remain that way On many sites, you give up your right to privacy But there are also other more insidious ways Google Dashboard
Transparency and Control: knowing what is being collected Anonymity Security › Data breaches chronology Data breaches
Cookies › Web site retaining cookies for 5 years Sniffing, Snarfing, Snorting › Forms of capturing packets over network › Differ by how much info & what is done with it Surveillance › Different forms? › Google Street View Data collection and sharing
One should ask: Who has ACCESS? Who should have ACCESS? Need to know? Why? How long is the data kept?
No Place to Hide No Place to Hide Big Brother Big Business Big Brother Big Business
Biometrics I believe you have the right to privacy, but not the right to anonymity -No Place To Hide The laws haven’t caught up to the technology -Big Brother Big Business
eggs milk bread cheese plates napkins trash bags eggs cheese sour cream bread chips soup milk eggs bread butter cheese gum soda bread eggs milk cheese diapers juice Diapers and beer? Super Bowl Sunday? http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=358108.358114