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Vanja Malidžan Singidunum University, Belgrade. INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society”  Development of ICT  Implementation of ICT in voting.

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Presentation on theme: "Vanja Malidžan Singidunum University, Belgrade. INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society”  Development of ICT  Implementation of ICT in voting."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vanja Malidžan Singidunum University, Belgrade

2 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society”  Development of ICT  Implementation of ICT in voting procedures

3 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society”  Usage of some electronic means in some or all voting procedures  Types of E-Voting:  Direct Recording Electronic (DRE)  Internet Voting

4 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society” E-Voting PoliticalSocialLegalTechnical

5 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society”  easier and more accessible  appealing to young people  greater secrecy  no geographical and time constraints  universal verifiability  no ‘point of no return’  faster tallying  less invalid ballots  less expensive

6 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society”  technophobia  importance of elections for local community  loss of the civic ritual  digital divide  frauds, bribery and coercion  hacker created problems

7 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society”  Netherlands  privacy problems  Germany  electronic machines contradicts the public nature of elections  Ireland  cost and the public's dissatisfaction

8 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society”  Estonia  internet voting since 2005  five election cycles  Norway  pilot projects in 2011  more than online votes  Switzerland  tests in Geneva and Zurich cantons since 1998

9 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society” * surveys carried out in Spain, Mexico and Argentina

10 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society” YesNeutralNo Trust in security (against fraud and hackers)60%17%23% Trust in secrecy (privacy)5%11%84% Trust in accountability (verify the vote)62%16%22% TruE-Vote is easy to use92%4% TruE-Vote is fast77%13%10% TruE-Vote is easy to install65%15%20% TruE-Vote is robust (not vulnerable for pincode/pincard loss)52%21%27% * surveys carried out in France, England, Italy and Finland Opinions about usability of the remote voting system (Oostveen, 2007)*

11 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society”  Internet voting does not automatically increase turnout  70% of online voters were 45 and older  digital divide  NO in terms of education and gender  YES in terms of age and ICT competence Elections Canada survey data (Goodman et al., 2010)

12 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society”  Trust in political system  Switzerland, Gerlach and Gasser, 2009  Young voters constantly at 10%  Voters above 55 at 18%  Estonia, National Election Commission

13 INFuture2011: “Information Sciences and e-Society”  Politics (still) rely on interpersonal relations => can not be (easily) be transferred to cyberspace  Trust in political system is precondition for trust in electronic voting system  E-voting can attract all age groups of voters


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