HISTORY Cult of the Saints Syncretic Religion (combined) African slaves entered Cuba Syncretization of Afro-Caribbean Religions Population in
Yoruba to Cuba
Black, Red, White Rags, & Machete
BASIC INFORMATION Storytelling Most Cubans are 'Catholic‘ Santeria's Human Objective Respect for 1 God Many ways of traditions
KEY BELIEFS THAT COMPRISE THE GROUP’S WORLDVIEW Central Creative force Olddumare or Olorun "Owner of Heaven"
KEY BELIEFS THAT COMPRISE THE GROUP’S WORLDVIEW Orisha
KEY BELIEFS THAT COMPRISE THE GROUP’S WORLDVIEW Orisha "Head Guardian" Babalz Ayi became St. Lazarus (patron of the sick) Shangs became St. Barbara (controls thunder lighting, fire) Eleggun or Elegba became St. Anthony (controls road, gates etc.) Oggzn became St. peter (patron of war) Oshzn became our Lady of Charity (controls money, sensuality)
KEY BELIEFS THAT COMPRISE THE GROUP’S WORLDVIEW Ritual Sacrifices:
KEY BELIEFS THAT COMPRISE THE GROUP’S WORLDVIEW Possession: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_emb edded&v=qSyKtv9iRtA
SANTERIAN PRACTICES Secrecy Very little information about beliefs, rituals, symbolism, practice are released to the general public. Very little information about beliefs, rituals, symbolism, practice are released to the general public.Tradition Santeria is not a religion of book Santeria is not a religion of book
SACRED TEXT? Corpus of Ifa "Where there is no human, there is no divinity." - Yoruba Proverb “Where there is no human, there is no divinity." - Yoruba Proverb Corpus of Ifa
ETHICS - SEEKING HARMONY "Santeria does not teach that misfortune is punishment, as a result of angering God or the gods. It is better described as the natural outcome of disregarding the laws inherent in nature."
Language Syncretic Religion- Cultural system Influence of Catholicism and YorubanTraditions Lucumi languageSecond language Liturgical language a language that is cultivated for religious reasons by people who speak another language in their daily life.
Multiracial society with a population of mainly Spanish and African origins The official language of Cuba is Spanish US State Department officially identifies Cuba as 62% black. Black population recorded growing impoverishments over the past 25 years. Cuba s total civil and public leadership is predominantly white (71%), despite a Black population of somewhere between 62-72%. Privately owned land is 98% white; only 2% of the private sector in land is in the hands of Blacks. In 2009, 70% of Cuban Blacks were estimated to be unemployed Cuba
Cuba is a totalitarian communist state headed by General Raul Castro Fidel Castro President from 1976 to Religion = Downfall of Government Fidel Castro seized and shut down more than 400 Catholic schools Atheist State Secular State (1992) Religion and Government
A marginalized Religion, a Religion of the Marginalized * One million practitioners * Force of resistance * Religion Dominated by people of color * Religious-cultural practice as a way of coping with discrimination United States * Victims of racism and stereotypes * “Institutionalized way of dehumanizing African people by labeling their religious practices as barbaric or demonic.” Dr. Ernesto
Women and Santeria Religion that honor women. Yemayá is the mother of all living things In Youruba women held great power in the fuction of their culture and politics.nction of their culture and politics Rama de Ma Monserrate "Oba Tero" partially responsible for the joining of Ifa and Ocha adherents in Cuba Women consolidated Santeria’s practices from the fragments of various tribal religious traditions into one cohesive religion.
CURRENT CONCERNS & CHALLENGES Animal Sacrifices: Criticism and legal issues Witchcraft: White magic commonly used Black magic rarely used Misconception generates stigma Cult Religion: Mislabeled in entirety
REFERENCES https://sites.google.com/site/blackmagicandspellsremedy/what-is-white-magic https://sites.google.com/site/blackmagicandspellsremedy/what-is-white-magic 5. pp/ pp/ Book: Santeria: The Beliefs and Rituals of a Growing Religion in America