Presentation on theme: "Creating the Constitution. 5 of 5 Shays' Rebellion 1787.mp4 - YouTube 5 of 5 Shays' Rebellion 1787.mp4 - YouTube."— Presentation transcript:
Creating the Constitution
5 of 5 Shays' Rebellion 1787.mp4 - YouTube 5 of 5 Shays' Rebellion 1787.mp4 - YouTube
Friday, May 25, 1787 All states (except Rhode Island) sent delegates
Jefferson, not at the convention, called the group “an assembly of demi- gods.” This group is known as the Framers of the Constitution.
Thomas Jefferson was the American minister to France. John Adams was our envoy to England and Holland. Samuel Adams & John Hancock weren’t selected from their states. Thomas Paine was in Paris.
Independence Hall George Washington was elected as the president of the convention.
They took a vow of secrecy
Convention was called to recommend changes to the Articles, but they quickly agreed to create a NEW government….. On May 30 they adopted this proposal: ◦ “Resolved,…that a national Government ought to be established consisting of a supreme Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary.”
So, here we gooooo…..
Complete the sheet for chapter 2, section 4-Creating the Constitution Plans and compromises-provisions
Highlight these on your sheet…. How many houses (bicameral or unicameral) Representation based on???
The Framers drew inspiration from….. 1. State constitutions 2. Montesquieu’s The Spirit of the Laws Rousseau’s Social Contract Locke’s Two Treatises of Government 3. British tradition
After 4 months, 39 names were placed on the finished document-Sept 17, 1787
Benjamin Franklin said it was as near perfect as possible
Two groups emerged: Federalists- favored ratification Anti- Federalists- opposed ratification
James Madison Alexander Hamilton Said the Articles were too weak and a govt based on the Constitution was the only way to help the Republic survive.
Patrick Henry Richard Henry Lee John Hancock Samuel Adams Didn’t like ◦ Constitution didn’t mention God ◦ States couldn’t print $ ◦ Increased powers to central govt ◦ Lack of Bill of Rights
Federalists won Delaware was the first to ratify But needed Virginia and New York Why?? Virginia ratified quickly That left New York………
Written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay Letters to the people in newspapers- New York Wrote under the name “Publius”
New York chosen as the temporary capital New Congress convened on March 4, Federal Hall on Wall Street George Washington was elected President and John Adams Vice President
Page 56 1. What do the pillars represent? Why are some, but not all, of the pillars standing upright? 2. What is the “eleventh pillar of the great national dome” that the cartoon refers to? 3. According to the cartoon, which two States had yet to ratify the Constitution? 4. Was the creator of this cartoon a Federalist or an Anti-Federalist? Explain your answer. 5. Identifying Central Issues: Why do you think supporters of the Constitution thought that it was important for every State to ratify the Constitution? Explain your answer.
Go online and read Federalist Paper 10 and Federalist Paper 51