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Speaking Notes 10 November 2014 Professor Jacques Ziller EP JURI Committee information on ReNEUAL Model Rules on EU Administrative Procedures Jacques Ziller.

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Presentation on theme: "Speaking Notes 10 November 2014 Professor Jacques Ziller EP JURI Committee information on ReNEUAL Model Rules on EU Administrative Procedures Jacques Ziller."— Presentation transcript:

1 Speaking Notes 10 November 2014 Professor Jacques Ziller EP JURI Committee information on ReNEUAL Model Rules on EU Administrative Procedures Jacques Ziller Professore ordinatio di diritto dell’Unione europea Università degli Studi di Pavia Strada Nuova 65, I – PAVIA 1

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9 Presentation will address 2 questions : 1.Why an EU Administrative Procedure Law? 2.What can be done on the basis of the Lisbon Treaty? 9

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11 Introduction to the ReNEUAL Model Rules / Book I – General Provisions A. Introduction to the ReNEUAL Model Rules Executive summary of the introduction I. Background and mission of the ReNEUAL project: EU administrative procedures and constitutional principles II. Law of administrative procedure in the EU – characteristics and challenges III. Models for the codification of EU law on administrative procedure? IV. Legal bases for EU codification V. The six Books of the ReNEUAL Model Rules on EU Administrative Procedures VI. The approach

12 1) Why an EU Administrative Procedure Law? a) Translation of constitutional values into real-life of the EU institutions, bodies, offices and agencies protection of the rule of law (such as legality, legal certainty, proportionality of public action and protection of legitimate expectations) democratic transparent Union  definition and protection of rights of participation and access to information, equality of citizens in their access, openness and subsidiarity… Principle of good administration Article 41 Charter 12

13 ARTICLE 41 Right to good administration 1.Every person has the right to have his or her affairs handled impartially, fairly and within a reasonable time by the institutions, bodies, offices and agencies of the Union. 2.This right includes: (a)the right of every person to be heard, before any individual measure which would affect him or her adversely is taken; (b)the right of every person to have access to his or her file, while respecting the legitimate interests of confidentiality and of professional and business secrecy; (c)the obligation of the administration to give reasons for its decisions. 3.Every person has the right to have the Union make good any damage caused by its institutions or by its servants in the performance of their duties, in accordance with the general principles common to the laws of the Member States. 4.Every person may write to the institutions of the Union in one of the languages of the Treaties and must have an answer in the same language. + ARTICLE 42 Right of access to documents 13

14 1) Why an EU Administrative Procedure Law? b) Needs arising from the present state of EU law applicable to administrative procedures fragmentation into sector-specific & issue-specific rules / procedures some procedural elements addressed only partially within policy- specific rules  gaps in regulation  unspecified general principles of law to fill void  rules on administrative procedures for the implementation of EU law developed dynamically and experimentally multi-jurisdictional nature (EU & member States’ law) of many procedures & pluralisation of actors involved 14

15 1) Why an EU Administrative Procedure Law? c) Lessons to be learnt from member States’ and other experiences in the codification of administrative procedure law National codifications (E 1889 ; A 1925 etc.; D 1976 etc.) also US 1946; F 2015 different as to depth and coverage  no single model is transferable as such  codifications have not led to augmentation of litigation nor to freezing the rules and principles 15

16 d) Impact assessment for the EP resolution: Key findings wording of binding law provisions lacks the clarity and precision of Code of good behaviour Not all differences indispensable consequence of objective differences from sector to sector important and underestimated issue : availability of non-binding codes & documents in all EU languages EU AP Law would help to establish a single easily identifiable and comprehensible set of rules and standards, that could increase guarantees for citizens, economic operators, NGOs and other legal persons across the board 16 1) Why an EU Administrative Procedure Law?

17 2) What can be done on the basis of the Lisbon Treaty? a) The legal issue of appropriate legal basis Article 298 TFEU 1.In carrying out their missions, the institutions, bodies, offices and agencies of the Union shall have the support of an open, efficient and independent European administration. 2.In compliance with the Staff Regulations and the Conditions of Employment adopted on the basis of Article 336, the European Parliament and the Council, acting by means of regulations in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure, shall establish provisions to that end. specific legal bases for certain transversal issues: 322 TFEU (financial regulations), 15 (access to document), e 16 (data protection) possible use of a joint legal basis, but legal bases for sector-specific regulation that provide for the use of a special legislative procedure (e. g. 182 TFEU [specific programmes for research and technological development], or 192 TFEU [certain measures in the field of environment]) or sector specific objectives (e.g. consumer protection or environment) 17

18 2) What can be done on the basis of the Lisbon Treaty? b) The political issue of the scope of application of an EU regulation on administrative procedure law different interpretations of art 298 TFEU are possible, but unrealistic reaching agreement in Council if rules were also to apply to Member States’ authorities specific matters need the issue of co-administration to be adressed 18

19 2) What can be done on the basis of the Lisbon Treaty? c) ReNEUAL’s choice: drafting rules ‘as if’ the issues were solved: If agreement on content of rules, legal basis issue more easy to solve provisions could also be used as a type of ‘stand by codification’ or as a ‘boilerplate’ to be supplemented with sector specific norms in policy-specific legal acts Limiting the scope of application as a first step and as far as possible o Thank you for your attention! 19


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