Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7: Remittances I cannot give you the formula for success, but I can give you the formula for failure-- which is: Try to please everybody. Herbert."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 7: Remittances I cannot give you the formula for success, but I can give you the formula for failure-- which is: Try to please everybody. Herbert Bayard Swope
Learning Objectives At the end of this chapter learners should be able to: Classify the various types of remittances Explain the usage of each remittance account Elaborate the process of applying for remittance account Distinguish the feature of each remittance account.
Remittances A sum of money sent in payment for something. A transfer of funds done in the banking system. Cashier’s Order Demand Draft Telegraphic Transfer Mail Transfer
Cashier’s Order Also known as a Banker’s Cheque. A form of cheque drawn (issued by) on a bank therefore normally does not have default in payment. Used when payment by personal cheque is not accepted or payment in cash is not advisable. Drawn and payable by the issuing Bank (branch) itself.
Cashier’s Order Documents needed are: – Name and address of customer/ applicant. An identification card is also required to be produced to the bank officer; – Name and address of beneficiary (who will receive the funds); – Application date; – Amount involved; – To mention whether the transfer is by cash, cheque or debiting the applicant’s account.
Example of Cashier’s Order
Demand Draft (DD) Cashier’s Order is used for remitting funds in the same area but DD is used to remit funds to beneficiary who is at a different area/ town/ country i.e. the bank being addressed is required to pay on DD the beneficiary specified on the draft. Types of DD Local DD Foreign DD
Local DD Drawn in Malaysian Ringgit and payable in Malaysia. Drawing bank/ issuer has to inform the drawee bank that it has issued the DD and also make arrangements to transfer the funds to the drawee bank. Maturity of DD is six months.
Types of Local DD DD is drawn by an issuing bank/ drawing bank. Outward DD DD issued by other bank and received by a drawee bank. Inward DD
Foreign DD DD in a foreign currency. It is necessary to mention the amount and currency involved and also the selling rate. Outward Foreign DD DD issued by other bank and received by a drawee bank. Inward Foreign DD
Telegraphic Transfer A transfer of funds electronically using cable, telex, fax, telephone transmission and through Society of Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT). The transfer does not use any signature, thus Test Key (authentication system) is needed. Can be used domestically or internationally.
Types of TT TT Inward TT Outward TT
Can be for in or out of a country. Local outward TT can be made in Malaysian Ringgit but overseas transfers can be done in Malaysian Ringgit or foreign currencies. Costs involved are: Amount to be remitted, cost of inland exchange for local TT and transmission charges. If the TT is done in a foreign currency, the Malaysian Ringgit equivalent will be calculated at prevailing selling rate.
Inward TT Can be from in or out of the country, either from other local branches, local agents or from overseas branches or overseas agents. To remit the funds, the bank has to contact the beneficiary. If the inward TT is in foreign currency, the Malaysian Ringgit equivalent is calculated at the buying rate.
Mail Transfer Similar to TT. The difference is that the message is sent through mail rather than specifically.
Other Remittances: Standing Instructions An instruction given by a customer to a bank to remit regular interval of payment or transfer of funds to a beneficiary. The amount involved is the same. E.g. payments for loans, insurance premium, monthly gift to parents or children pocket money. A form is needed to be filled up with the information related to the name and address of beneficiary, amount involved, payment interval, date of payment and from which account the remittance is to be made. The bank will execute the standing instruction by remitting payment by cashier’s order, DD or TT or mail transfer or by crediting the beneficiary account.