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© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. Badges? Do We Need Badges? Martin LaGrow Senior Academic Consultant January 2015
2© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. What is a Badge? A badge is an electronically awarded symbol of accomplishment. Example: A student completes courses in Genesis through Deuteronomy and is awarded the “Pentateuch Badge.” Example2: A student participates in five optional live chats in a course and is awarded the “Communicator” Badge.
3© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. What are the elements of a badge? A badge includes the following: A Name A description An image (can be custom or downloaded from many open source badge sites) The issuer Name (set by LMS) The issuer Email (set by LMS) The Badge expiry (optional) A set of criteria defining how it is issued A message to the user that is sent once it is earned (optional)
4© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. How are badges issued in Moodle? Site Badges can be awarded… Automatically for completion of selected elements of your user profile. Example: A student is awarded the “Chatter” badge for adding a Skype ID to their profile. Automatically for completing a set of courses. Example: A student is awarded the “Mathematician” badge for completing four higher level Math courses. Manually by role for the same criteria as above. Example: All teachers are given the right to manually issue a badge for attending live sessions in a course.
5© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. How are badges issued in Moodle? Course Badges can be awarded… Upon the completion of a course. Upon the completion of an activity. Example: Teacher awards the “Plagiarism expert” badge for completion of a quiz on plagiarism. Manually by role. Example: A teacher uses this to create a “Socratic Method” badge for students who ask thoughtful questions in a discussion forum.
6© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. Where are badges displayed? Depending on your version of Moodle, badges can be viewed directly on the student’s profile or in the sub-menu My Badges.
7© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. Where are badges displayed? Clicking on the badge provides related information.
8© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. Where are badges displayed? Issuers can track who has received badges. Clicking on the number of recipients yields a list.
9© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. Where are badges displayed? A student’s Moodle badges can be linked to a backpack at http://backpack.openbadges.org. http://backpack.openbadges.org
10© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. What is a backpack? At Openbadges.org, anyone can earn, issue, and display badges in their backpack. It links to many educational contexts, including museums, MOOC providers, LMS’s, and schools. An Openbadge backpack is designed to provide validation for the completion of learning objectives in multiple contexts, something like a portfolio.
11© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY.11 Badges? BADGES? Do we need stinking BADGES?
12© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY.12 Yes, we need badges! Badges are considered useful for these main purposes: To set up an incentivized program within a course; Providing motivation to participate (gamification), Providing recognition for collaboration. To recognize completion of a set of standards. To provide alternative credentials and recognize independent and informal learning. Badges allow students to “differentiate themselves and tell a narrative (Normoyle, quoted in Inside Higher Education).”
13© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY.13 Yes, we need badges! Digital badges are getting a serious look on many university campuses because they may allow students to demonstrate a greater variety of skills. "A diploma says as much about the institution you attended as it does about you," notes Bill Wisser, instructional designer in the Graduate School of Education (HGSE) at Harvard University (MA). "A portfolio gets more granular, and badges can show individual records of accomplishment (Raths, quoted in Campus Technology)." What says more about the learner?
14© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY.14 We don’t need no stinking badges! Badges (in gamification) focus on extrinsic instead of intrinsic motivation. Anyone can award badges based on any criteria. What value does a badge from your institution hold in an external context? “Informal learning works because it is informal. Yet, any coherent system of badges requires systems and structure; there have to be requirements which help to standardize forms of participation and which rank some kinds of contributions as more valuable or at least more central to the group than others. In that sense, too quick a move towards badges runs the risk of destroying the complex but fragile ecosystem within which participatory learning thrives (Jenkins).”
© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. Should your institution ‘turn on’ badges in Moodle? Are you ready?
16© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. Readiness questions: How will your badges program be introduced? Will it be a centralized effort or pockets of innovation? how does the introduction of the badge transform discourse? Will it encourage students to engage more deeply? How will you maintain the integrity of your ‘brand?’ How will you promote and regulate the issuing of badges? Will the focus of your badges program be: Internal—motivation Internal—recognition External--validation
17© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. Badges in Action: CS2N CS2N (http://www.cs2n.org/teachers/badges) uses a badge-based system to motivate students, help them to define pathways and set goals, and indicate that they have mastered concepts. Badges are a core component of CS2N that seek to solve two key problems: How do you capture a record of students’ learning in a form that is recognized and valuable everywhere? How do you encourage students to continue beyond the initial stages of engagement into long-term and lifelong learning Badges should be MAGIC Motivation Assessment Guidance Identification Certification/Credentialing
18© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. Relevant Resources “Badging from Within” http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2014/01/03/uc-daviss- groundbreaking-digital-badge-system-new-sustainable- agriculture-program http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2014/01/03/uc-daviss- groundbreaking-digital-badge-system-new-sustainable- agriculture-program CS2N http://www.cs2n.org/teachers/badgeshttp://www.cs2n.org/teachers/badges “How Badges Really Work in Higher Education” http://campustechnology.com/Articles/2013/06/20/How-Badges- Really-Work-in-Higher-Education.aspx http://campustechnology.com/Articles/2013/06/20/How-Badges- Really-Work-in-Higher-Education.aspx “How to Earn Your Skeptic Badge” http://henryjenkins.org/2012/03/how_to_earn_your_skeptic_badge.html http://henryjenkins.org/2012/03/how_to_earn_your_skeptic_badge.html “Rethinking Digital Badges” http://thebluereview.org/rethinking- digital-badges/http://thebluereview.org/rethinking- digital-badges/ “Seven Things You Should Know About Badges” http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/eli7085.pdf http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/eli7085.pdf
© 2014 ELLUCIAN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED – CONFIDENTIAL & PROPRIETARY. Using Moodle Badges to Track Course Completion Martin LaGrow Senior Academic Consultant.
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