Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

An Introduction to Grid Technologies at NERSC June 24, 2004 David Turner NERSC User Services Group 510-486-4027.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to Grid Technologies at NERSC June 24, 2004 David Turner NERSC User Services Group 510-486-4027."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Introduction to Grid Technologies at NERSC June 24, 2004 David Turner NERSC User Services Group

2 Topics Definitions Certificates —Acquiring —Using Tools and Services —Current —Soon —Future Resources

3 What is “The Grid”? The Globus view —Grids are persistent environments that enable software applications to integrate instruments, displays, computational and information resources that are managed by diverse organizations in widespread locations. (http://www.globus.org) The NERSC implementation —File transfer and data management —Remote job submission —Portals

4 What is “Globus”? The Globus Alliance is a research and development project focused on enabling the application of Grid concepts to scientific and engineering computing. —Argonne National Laboratory’s Mathematics and Computer Science Division —University of Chicago’s Distributed Systems Laboratory —University of Southern California’s Information Sciences Institute —University of Edinburgh —Swedish Center for Parallel Computers

5 What is “Globus”, Really? The Globus Toolkit is a middleware package from the Globus Alliance —De facto standard for Grid “platform” —Client software Command-line tools Application development libraries Installed on seaborg, escher, newton, and PDSF —Server software Installed on seaborg, escher, newton, PDSF, HPSS, and web servers Version supported on most systems (PDSF is between and 2.4.3) Available for “most” desktop systems

6 Globus Software Tools Client software —Certificate management tools grid-cert-info, grid-proxy-init, grid-proxy-info, grid-proxy-destroy —File transfer commands globus-url-copy, uberftp, pftp_gsi Server software —GridFTP, Gatekeeper, MyProxy “Portals” —Combine characteristics of client and server

7 Using Globus at NERSC To use client software: % module load globus % echo $GLOBUS_LOCATION /usr/common/globus/gt243 GridFTP servers run on: seaborg-g1.nersc.gov garchive.nersc.gov escher.nersc.gov pdsfgrid[1-3].nersc.gov newton0[1-4].eth1.nersc.gov

8 Security Definitions Authentication —Verifying that someone is who they claim to be —Required to run client software —Based on certificates Authorization —Determining if an authenticated person has access to a particular resource or service —Typically implemented with a grid-mapfile Globus security model based on Grid Security Infrastructure (GSI)

9 Certificate Definitions A document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts. A document that is used to certify that a user or organization is who they say they are. They contain information about who it belongs to, who it was issued by, expiry date and information that can be used to check out the contents of the certificate. Implements ISO X.509 —Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)

10 Certificate Characteristics Opaque Issued by recognized Certificate Authority (CA) Stored inside a web browser —Netscape/Mozilla Edit->Preferences->Privacy&Security->Certificates->Manage Certificates —Internet Explorer Tools->Internet Options->Content->Certificates —Exported from browser to disk file —Globus tools to query contents of file Can be exported from browser into file —Move from system to system

11 Types of Certificates Personal certificate —a.k.a. client certificate Host certificate —a.k.a. server certificate CA certificate —a.k.a. root certificate

12 Certificates at NERSC Acquired from a CA —Local institution —DOEGrids (administered by ESnet) —NERSC Enter Distinguished Name (DN) of Subject and Issuer into NERSC Information Management (NIM) system —Required for authorization (to access servers) —Propagates to local grid-mapfiles —http://nim.nersc.gov

13 DOEGrids Certificate Process CABrowser“p12” file usercert.pem userkey.pem Proxy cert x509up_u12345 NIM Subject DN Issuer DN

14 Getting a DOEGrids Certificate To allow your browser to trust DOEGrids: —Follow directions, including restarting browser To acquire personal certificate: https://pki1.doegrids.org/ —Provide all requested fields, click “Submit” —Wait for with further instructions Click on “Import Your Certificate” Personal Certificate now stored in browser Valid for 1 year

15 DOEGrids Certificate Process CABrowser“p12” file usercert.pem userkey.pem Proxy cert x509up_u12345 NIM Subject DN Issuer DN

16 Got a Cert; Now What? Put certificate into “p12” file —Netscape Navigator Edit->Preferences->Privacy&Security->Certificates->Manage Certificates Select certificate, click “Backup” Provide file name, password(s) —Internet Explorer Tools->Internet Options->Content->Certificates Select certificate, click “Export” Provide file name, password(s) —File name extension:.p12 or.pfx —PROTECT THIS FILE!

17 DOEGrids Certificate Process CABrowser“p12” file usercert.pem userkey.pem Proxy cert x509up_u12345 NIM Subject DN Issuer DN

18 Have “p12” File; Now What? If necessary, copy file to machine with globus installed —seaborg, escher, newton, pdsf Extract certificate (which contains public key) openssl pkcs12 -in YourCert.p12 -clcerts -nokeys -out ~/.globus/usercert.pem Extract private key openssl pkcs12 -in YourCert.p12 -nocerts -out ~/.globus/userkey.pem Set permissions to owner read/write chmod go-rwx ~/.globus/user*.pem Protect these files!

19 DOEGrids Certificate Process CABrowser“p12” file usercert.pem userkey.pem Proxy cert x509up_u12345 NIM Subject DN Issuer DN

20 Querying Your Certificate % grid-cert-info Certificate: Data: Version: 3 (0x2) Serial Number: 1918 (0x77e) Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption Issuer: DC=org, DC=DOEGrids, OU=Certificate Authorities, CN=DOEGrids CA 1 Validity Not Before: Jun 17 17:32: GMT Not After : Jun 17 17:32: GMT Subject: DC=org, DC=doegrids, OU=People, CN=David Turner Subject Public Key Info: Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption RSA Public Key: (2048 bit) Modulus (2048 bit): 00:f5:b9:2a:d1:e3:89:cb:49:6d:99:00:93:b1:fe: 4a:56:9e:c4:a2:59:00:3e:0f:02:56:c2:5c:2d:ce: bb:4f:f9:44:89:01:9b:42:4b:ad:8f:25:53:07:c1: 8e:88:c2:3d:0c:1e:bd:6b:5f:12:1d:b7:57:bd:df: 22:6e:50:88:63:c5:59:d6:e5:65:9e:34:cd:c9:dd: 00:2e:bd:ef:8d:65:03:20:d0:dc:86:33:b3:d9:2d: 15:cd:20:d3:14:d3:63:05:21:82:e3:ab:b5:12:f4: 2e:45:5b:50:72:a3:71:d6:10:cb:e3:8d:ec:1a:e0: 3c:16:9c:f1:71:4e:45:8c:04:49:9c:4d:eb:be:79: f6:0c:76:cb:66:48:54:a6:d9:94:3c:54:82:c8:46: 72:74:36:99:c1:e4:45:c9:c5:f8:d4:74:a1:6b:fe: ff:2c:ad:43:13:b0:47:76:5d:7f:65:65:b0:b9:02: e2:3f:53:5d:77:cb:30:50:42:1a:dd:3e:df:a3:2f: 49:27:66:d9:63:bf:c5:56:07:c4:8d:de:78:c0:08: fd:f8:5f:b4:ae:5d:61:e4:6d:52:86:d3:cb:d6:76: 28:95:8e:1c:b7:3f:d6:63:87:82:4b:c7:d1:b6:18: b3:76:99:0c:a9:13:d6:2f:20:56:5d:56:a8:dd:87: f6:fd Exponent: (0x10001) X509v3 extensions: Netscape Cert Type: SSL Client, SSL Server, S/MIME X509v3 Key Usage: critical Digital Signature, Non Repudiation, Key Encipherment, Data Encipherment X509v3 Authority Key Identifier: keyid:CA:19:1D:12:8E:6E:A4:38:5D:42:D4:31:0E:08:DB:D9:8D:17:0D:5D X509v3 Subject Alternative Name: Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption 16:80:67:ef:45:d3:0d:c8:15:86:64:16:ca:b1:0e:64:e7:46: b6:da:b7:cc:e5:3c:54:3f:c6:7d:62:f9:b4:02:b5:e4:3e:74: ed:5f:61:91:98:df:1f:45:cb:16:2a:17:48:28:8e:56:11:e6: 52:93:73:71:44:bf:7d:24:f8:c8:69:15:e2:7b:dd:38:68:15: a7:de:e4:d6:7a:c7:da:41:c5:3e:dd:a9:b2:15:2b:74:6f:87: 32:4a:e5:38:db:fc:e6:e4:49:b6:95:25:c6:f8:77:32:e2:b2: b7:29:46:21:f9:7d:93:11:3e:97:b7:6c:5b:ac:a1:a8:b0:28: eb:44:99:10:d7:16:6a:39:6a:dc:9e:ef:94:47:2f:ab:1b:02: be:94:96:a8:3a:83:5c:56:58:13:c7:d6:ae:4b:25:49:d1:aa: 20:c4:d8:f2:0a:01:40:67:18:11:11:d3:5b:69:43:4f:5c:61: 71:45:2c:06:fb:95:ae:2d:b9:f7:d1:0f:eb:5b:91:73:7d:8e: 4b:8b:f9:a6:e4:78:c0:51:14:a5:f6:f6:00:db:00:91:75:f9: b5:42:5b:43:46:1a:ca:36:25:21:73:b0:1b:21:bb:35:6f:f6: 3e:21:df:c6:50:96:5b:ac:0f:a5:48:3b:88:68:c6:eb:8d:0a: a5:fe:97:b9

21 Certificate Information in NIM Login in to NIM Click “Grid Certificates” tab in lower frame

22 Informing NIM of Your Cert % grid-cert-info -subject /DC=org/DC=doegrids/OU=People/CN=David Turner % grid-cert-info -issuer /DC=org/DC=DOEGrids/OU=Certificate Authorities/CN=DOEGrids CA 1 In NIM, click “Add existing certificate to NIM” Cut-and-paste Subject and Issuer DN Click “Add Certificate”

23 DOEGrids Certificate Process CABrowser“p12” file usercert.pem userkey.pem Proxy cert x509up_u12345 NIM Subject DN Issuer DN

24 Have “pem” Files; Now What? Create “proxy certificate” —Usually has a limited lifetime Default 12 hours Maximum 1 year —Creates $HOME/.globus/x509up_u12345 grid-proxy-init [-valid h:m]

25 DOEGrids Certificate Process CABrowser“p12” file usercert.pem userkey.pem Proxy cert x509up_u12345 NIM Subject DN Issuer DN

26 Querying Your Proxy Cert % grid-proxy-info subject : /DC=org/DC=doegrids/OU=People/CN=David Turner /CN=proxy issuer : /DC=org/DC=doegrids/OU=People/CN=David Turner identity : /DC=org/DC=doegrids/OU=People/CN=David Turner type : full legacy globus proxy strength : 512 bits path : /usr/common/homes/d/dpturner/.globus/x509up_u17931 timeleft : 11:58:33

27 Proxy Certificate Issues Managing Grid credential files (“pem” files containing certificate/public key and private key) is a nuisance. Security —Keys can be stolen if account compromised. —Copies on multiple machines increase exposure. One solution: MyProxy server

28 Using MyProxy To place Grid credentials into MyProxy server: myproxy-init [-t hours] —Default lifetime on server is one week. —Can now remove “pem” files from local file system. To retrieve proxy delegation: myproxy-get-delegation To query credentials on server: myproxy-info To remove credentials from server: myproxy-destroy

29 Using MyProxy Delegation A MyProxy delegation is another form of a proxy certificate: grid-proxy-info grid-proxy-destroy Once delegation in place, user can run Globus client software.

30 Isn’t There a Simpler Way? NERSC-managed certificates —Issued by “NERSC CA” (actually “DOEGrids CA 2”) —Created entirely in NIM —Delivered directly to MyProxy server —One-year lifetime —User never handles “p12” file or “pem” files —Not widely trusted (YET!)

31 Getting a NERSC Certificate Login to NIM Click “Grid Certificates” tab Click “Create a new NERSC-managed certificate in NIM” link

32 But What Does Globus Do? GridFTP file transfer commands —globus-url-copy globus-url-copy -nodcau gsiftp://seaborg-g1.nersc.gov/path1/file1 gsiftp://garchive.nersc.gov/path2/file2 —uberftp Complete GridFTP interactive client Third-party transfers using “lopen” command uberftp -a GSI -P H garchive.nersc.gov —pftp_gsi NERSC-developed pftp client with GSI authentication pftp_gsi garchive.nersc.gov

33 Other File Transfer Tools GridFTP API —Transfer data directly from batch jobs to visualization system at PPPL Grid File Yanker (GFY) portal —Reliable transfer VisPortal

34 Globus Future at NERSC Remote job submission and monitoring NERSC Portal Continuing evolution of authentication and authorization —GridLogon

35 Resources Web Human — NERSC, option 3 — , option 3

36 The End This page intentionally left blank.

37 Still The End This page intentionally left blank.

38 Still The End, Really This page intentionally left blank.


Download ppt "An Introduction to Grid Technologies at NERSC June 24, 2004 David Turner NERSC User Services Group 510-486-4027."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google