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The VOMS Attribute Authority and its relation with Shibboleth Presenter: Vincenzo Ciaschini 8 th TF-EMC2 Meeting Firenze, March 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "The VOMS Attribute Authority and its relation with Shibboleth Presenter: Vincenzo Ciaschini 8 th TF-EMC2 Meeting Firenze, March 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 The VOMS Attribute Authority and its relation with Shibboleth Presenter: Vincenzo Ciaschini 8 th TF-EMC2 Meeting Firenze, March 2007

2 What is VOMS VOMS is…  An Attribute Authority.  A VO Management System.  A source of trust for authorization. VOMS is not…  A policy system.  An AuthN/AuthZ framework.

3 VOMS: The problem In a grid environment, VOs tend to be extremely large and change frequently.  Hundreds or even thousands of users. Sites need to know the users because of the need to prepare local accounts and eventually apply authorization policies. It is not scalable to manage them by hand

4 VOMS: The solution Organize users into groups and grant them roles.  Allows for full RBAC authorization. Also, adds other general-purpose attributes.

5 Who uses VOMS? Egee  10 VOs, 2 servers InfnGrid  15 VOs, 2 servers OSG  29 VOs, ? servers

6 VOMS Architecture VOMSDB VOMS-ADMIN Secure

7 What is VOMS-Admin? A web application that manages the contents of the VOMS database Used by VO Administrators mainly to  add/remove users to the VO,  put them in VOMS groups,  assign VOMS roles to them Provides a WSDL interface to its functions Has a command line client Has a web-based user interface

8 VOMS-Admin architecture

9 What is VOMSd VOMSd is the component which listens for user requests and creates Attribute Certificates.  All communication is secured and mutually authenticated.  Allows high customization of ACs. Which roles to present, validity length, targeting, etc…

10 VOMSd Architecture VOMSd DBBACKENDDBBACKEND DBINTERFACEDBINTERFACE I/OINTERFACEI/OINTERFACE Internal Logic

11 VOMS data format Attributes (groups, roles, general purpose) returned by VOMS are inserted into an RFC-3281 compliant Attribute Certificate.  The exact profile is described here: https://forge.gridforum.org/sf/go/doc13797?nav=1  ACs are the natural choice in a X.509 world. The grid is a X.509 world. The provided clients insert the AC in a non-critical extension of the user proxy.  Immediate compatibility with non-VOMS aware software.

12 What is a proxy? A proxy is a short-lived certificate that has as issuer a user certificate.  Standardized in RFC  Commonly used throughout the grid for authentication and authorization purposes.

13 VOMS clients The clients provided are command-line based.  But APIs are available in C,C++ and JAVA. You could write your own client.

14 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 Proxy’s Subject

15 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 Proxy’s issuer

16 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 Certificate’s subject

17 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 Type of proxy

18 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 Proxy’s key strength

19 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 Proxy’s Location

20 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 Proxy’s validity

21 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 VO Name

22 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 Owner’s Data

23 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 Owner’s Group membership

24 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 General-Purpose attributes

25 Example of data: marotta]$ /data/marotta/installs/17series/bin/voms-proxy-info --all subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini/CN=proxy issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini identity : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini type : proxy strength : 512 bits path : /tmp/x509up_u502 timeleft : 11:59:58 === VO valerio extension information === VO : valerio subject : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Personal Certificate/L=CNAF/CN=Vincenzo Ciaschini issuer : /C=IT/O=INFN/OU=Host/L=CNAF/CN=datatag6.cnaf.infn.it attribute : /valerio/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/asdasd/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : /valerio/qwerty/Role=NULL/Capability=NULL attribute : attributeOne = 111 (valerio) attribute : attributeTwo = 222 (valerio) timeleft : 11:59:58 AC validity

26 Voms & Shibboleth

27 Shibboleth Structure IdPSP WAYF

28 Shibboleth: Protocol Description User Service Provider Wayf Identity Provider

29 A common misconception: VOMSShibboleth = IdP

30 Similarities VOMS and a Shibboleth IdP both…  Maintain lists of user identities.  Add attributes to user identities.  Offer a way to distribute such attributes.

31 Differences Shibboleth IdPVOMS Has good support for federationsHas basic support for federations Does not support X.509Supports X.509 Supports SAMLSAML support in development Allows third parties to get information on usersDoes not allow third parties to get information on users. Pull modelPush model Mostly geared to website authorizationMostly geared to grid authorization Delegation of credentials not well supportedDelegation of credentials well supported

32 Shibboleth and Grids: The problem “The Shibboleth System is NOT usable in non-Browser scenarios (without a lot of hard thinking)”  “Introduction to Shibboleth – Phases of Deployment” Steve Carmody, 2006 Shibboleth Camp Unfortunately, grid access and usage relies heavily on non-browser access.  Implies that some translation mechanism is necessary for shib users to access a grid.

33 An example submission Broker Execution Storage Job Data Job Data

34 Shibboleth and Grids: The Solution Insert Shib attributes directly in a VOMS proxy and use said proxy for grid access.  Implemented by VASH  Collaboration by SWITCH and INFN within EGEE.  Details in my colleague’s presentation.

35 The VOMS team Vincenzo Ciaschini  Valerio Venturi  Andrea Ceccanti 


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