Presentation on theme: "Epic Voyage and Endurance"— Presentation transcript:
1 Epic Voyage and Endurance By:Bailee MilnerHeather BoneAllen JacksonCrystal Myers
2 The CrewAugust 1916: After several frantic attempts, Shackleton secures a ship for the return journey to Elephant Island. All twenty-two stranded men are still alive.
3 In what context should the Endurance expedition be analyzed? Entrepreneur- Shackleton raised his owns funds for the entire trip and ship.He made connection to succeed at his goal of raising funds.
4 A managerial scholar has defined entrepreneurship as the “relentless pursuit of opportunity without regard to resources currently controlled.” Using this definition, was Ernest Shackleton an entrepreneur? A leader?Entrepreneur?By definition that is exactly what Shackleton was.He was relentlessly pursing his goal of reaching the south pole with regard to the conditions he faced.Devised a plan, raised money, and came up with all the necessities to set sail.Leader?By definition yesLeader is defined as guiding, leading, and/or motivating. A guiding directing head. (Webster)Hired and motivated men, directed and guided the expedition.
5 What were the key features of the context in which he operated? Military experiencePast experience at seaPersonalityCharismaInfluential abilitiesMotivation
6 What role does fame play in entrepreneurial agency What role does fame play in entrepreneurial agency? What role does charisma play?Entrepreneurial agencyFocusedDetermined to succeedRiskyCharisma“He would get into conversation and talk to you in an intimate sort of way, asking you little things about yourself—how you were getting on, how you liked it, what particular side of the work you were enjoying most.”Entertaining
7 Was Shackleton an audacious entrepreneur/leader Was Shackleton an audacious entrepreneur/leader? How important is audacity in understanding leadership action?Ego centeredRisky no matter the costInability to compromiseTeam player until the team had imputeDisregarded adviseArrogant in hiring
8 How did Shackleton conceive of this expedition How did Shackleton conceive of this expedition? What was at stake for him in putting the enterprise together?Something to prove to previous and present criticsFameA name to make for him and his wife
9 Was Shackleton effective? Shackleton was not effective in terms of his original goal, to make the transcontinental journey across Antarctica from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea.Effective in saving his crewEffective in entrepreneurship with little long term gain
10 How important is the quest for fame How important is the quest for fame? Does that matter in evaluating Shackleton’s success?Quest was driven by famePersonal agendaClouded JudgmentEvaluating him relies heavily on the agendaMission not accomplished
11 What were the underlying causes of the Endurance crisis? EgoPrideInability to take adviceUnfavorable weatherNo plan for a change in plans
12 How important—to Shackleton’s effectiveness, to entrepreneurial/leadership effectiveness in general— is the ability to change course midstream?Change = effectiveness“Progress is impossible without change, and those who can not change their mind can’t change anything” (Unknown)
13 On balance, was Shackleton a good leader or a good manager? Ability to manage and give orders to perform a taskAbility to schedule pass timeGives ordersPlansLeaderAbility to motivate, inspire and lead individualsSeeks inputAdapt to unforeseen circumstancesLeading through change
14 What parallels do you see between Shackleton and other entrepreneurs or leaders whom you have studied? What were Shackleton’s strengths and weaknesses?StrengthsShackleton’s strengths are his daunting spirit and his ability to compel loyalty. Plus his ability to influence and win friends. People that he won over on the crew of the Endurance would follow Shackleton to the end of the world if he asked.“We would have gone anywhere without question just on his order.”WeaknessesShackleton’s weakness lack good plan which also surfaces again on his last journey. “…Shackleton never lost his passion for confronting the challenges of the ice. Without a defined plan or goal…”
15 Why are people today so interested in Ernest Shackleton? He was an exemplary leaderTraits in leadershipLeading through changeChallenges of leadership