Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Development from the Bottom of the Pyramid: An Analysis of the Development Innovation Ventures Program Julian Leland American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Development from the Bottom of the Pyramid: An Analysis of the Development Innovation Ventures Program Julian Leland American Society of Mechanical Engineers."— Presentation transcript:

1 Development from the Bottom of the Pyramid: An Analysis of the Development Innovation Ventures Program Julian Leland American Society of Mechanical Engineers Swarthmore College August 4 th, 2011

2 Outline Definition Technology-Based Development Today –Global Development Policy Directive –Development Innovation Ventures (DIV) Program Problems in Technology-Based Development –Current Funding Climate Policy Recommendations

3 Definition Technology-Based Development –Achievement of development outcomes through innovative technological means –Not basic science research –Emphasis on producing immediate development outcomes –Targeting Individuals –Targeting the “bottom of the pyramid” (BOP)

4 Definition Why technology-based development? –Leverage of existing technologies (cellphones) http://si.wsj.net/public/resources/images/PD-AA003_STRAW_20080616161258.jpg LifeStraw Water Filter Pen http://www.skipumps.com/images/moneymaker-1.png Kickstart Super Moneymaker Pump http://listverse.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/nokeron100-light-bulb-small.jpg?w=196&h=350 Nokero N100 Solar Bulb

5 Technology-Based Development Today The Global Development Policy Directive –Emphasis on Science, Technology and Innovation in Development “In FY 2012, in support of the President’s Global Development Policy, the State Department and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) will enhance the use of science, technology, and innovation to achieve global development goals.”

6 Technology-Based Development Today Programs at USAID –The DIV Program http://www.usaid.gov/div/model.html

7 Evaluation Methodology –Interviews Technology-Based Development Practitioners Funding Organizations Relevant Experts Government Representatives

8 Evaluation Current Funding Climate: Public Funding –Excludes DIV –Problems Grants are limited in applicability Grant-making process is resource-intensive, inflexible and slow

9 Evaluation Current Funding Climate: Private Funding –Problems Not enough money at the bottom

10 Evaluation Current Funding Climate: DIV

11 Evaluation Other Notes –Implementing programs takes time – level of scaling is not feasible –Visibility is important

12 Recommendations Short Term: –Keep funding focused on Tier 1 –Increase visibility of DIV program –Modify definition of “innovative” programs Support for non-internet & communications technology (ICT)/business programs Increase emphasis on sustainability of solutions

13 Recommendations Long Term –Create small-scale funding opportunities –Pursue alternative grant systems for small grants Facilitate crowdsourced funding for small grants Low/zero-interest loans Low overhead traditional grants –Pursue intergovernmental partnerships to leverage other government assets

14 Conclusion Thanks to… –WISE: Melissa Carl, Sandy Yeigh, fellow WISE interns –Noha El-Ghobashy, Ian Hoffbeck, Jeff Brown, Hillary Chen, John Buydos –Interviewees at organizations Questions?


Download ppt "Development from the Bottom of the Pyramid: An Analysis of the Development Innovation Ventures Program Julian Leland American Society of Mechanical Engineers."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google