Presentation on theme: " HR recruits promising applicants, & line managers select people to fill positions. During your career you will be interviewed, & as a manager you."— Presentation transcript:
HR recruits promising applicants, & line managers select people to fill positions. During your career you will be interviewed, & as a manager you will likely conduct job interviews.
Recruiting: The process of attracting qualified candidates to apply for job openings. It can be expensive, & to attract more candidates, more firms are offering flexible work schedules & better work-life balance. For an organization to fill an opening, possible candidates must be made aware that the organization is seeking employees. They must then be persuaded to apply for the jobs.
Internal Recruiting: Involves filling job openings with current employees or personal referrals. Promotions from within & employee referrals are 2 common types of internal recruiting.
External Recruiting: The following are external recruiting sources: Walk-ins. Educational institutions. Agencies. Advertising.
Selection Process: The process of choosing the most qualified applicant recruited for a job. Selection is a crucial activity because bad hiring decisions haunt an organization for years. The selection process ban be thought of as a series of hurdles that the applicant must overcome to be offered the job.
Choosing the type of Interview: The 3 types of interviews are based on structure: 1. Structured interviews: Use a list of prepared questions to ask all candidates. 2. Unstructured interviews. Don’t use preplanned questions or preplanned sequence of topics.
3. Semistructured interviews: Ask questions from a prepared list but also ask unplanned questions. Depart from prepared questions when they believe it is appropriate. HR prefer semistructured interviews – prevent discrimination & allow flexibility in pursuing lines of questioning & conversation, giving accurate assessment of candidates’ motivation & attitudes.
Formulating Questions: Interviewers use 4 types of questions: 1. Closed-ended questions: Yes or no answers. 2. Open-ended questions: Unlimited response. 3. Hypothetical questions: Describe what they would do & say in a given situation.
4. Probing questions: Clarify aspects of their background or aspect brought up by interviewer & help understand an issue or point.
Preparing for the Interview: Going through the formalized procedure will help you improve your interviewing skills: 1. Review job description & specifications. 2. Plan realistic job preview. 3. Plan type of interview. 4. Develop questions for all candidates. 5. Develop a form. 6. Develop questions for each candidate.
Conducting the Interview: Following the steps will help make you an effective interviewer: 1. Open the interview. 2. Give realistic job preview. 3. Ask your questions. 4. Introduce top candidates to co-workers. 5. Close the interview.
Avoiding Problems When Selecting: Tips for the selection process: Don’t rush. Don’t stereotype. Don’t look for employees who are copies of you. Don’t look for halos & horns. Don’t jump prematurely.
Organization must develop employees through orienting & training them.
Orientation: Introduces new employees to the organization, its culture, & their job. There are 5 elements used in effective orientation programs: 1. Explain what the organization does & department functions that new person will be part of. 2. Explain what the new employee’s job task & responsibilities are.
3. Go over standing plans that need to be followed to get the job done. 4. New employee given a tour of facilities. 5. Introduce to coworkers.
Training & Development: Training is about acquiring the skills necessary to perform a job. Development is ongoing education that improves skills for present & future jobs.
Training Cycle: Ensure that training is systematic and effective by following the following steps: 1. Conduct a needs assessment. 2. Set objectives. 3. Prepare training. 4. Conduct training. 5. Measure & evaluate training results.
Training Methods: List of various training methods available: Written material Lecture Video Question & Answers Discussion Programmed Learning Demonstration
There are numerous strategies for retaining employees. The following are 3 areas that affect employee retention: Compensation Health & safety Labour relations
What is an entrepreneur? An ordinary individual who does extraordinary things which other ordinary individuals hesitate to do. The act of doing is a distinctive element of the entrepreneur.
Example: Two individuals speculate about the possibility of introducing an electric car into a specific market. Individual A keeps on speculating while individual B does, in fact, introduce the electric car into the market. Individual B qualifies as an entrepreneur by introducing a product into the market for the first time. On the other hand, individual A failed to act and therefore failed to qualify as an entrepreneur.
The word “entrepreneurship” is derived from “entreprendre” which means to ‘undertake, to pursue opportunities; to fulfil the needs and wants through innovation and starting businesses’. An entrepreneur is a person who initiates an enterprise, organizes it, and acquires capital to finance it, taking into consideration the risk and reward that accompanies it.
The primary inputs of the entrepreneur into the enterprise are initiative, talent, ideas, knowledge and, often equity. Entrepreneurs are, people who innovate, and innovation is the distinctive element of entrepreneurship. The entrepreneur redirects resources from areas of low productivity and low return to areas of higher productivity and return.
Although risk is involved, the true entrepreneur should not exceed the boundaries of “calculated risk”.
5 Tasks of Entrepreneurs: 1. Introduces a new product or service into the market, or implements a new approach to existing problems. 2. Develops or implements new technology which could curb costs and improve efficiency. 3. Exploits a new market by launching products, services or technologies which did not previously exist in the market.
4. Discovers a new source of supply for a scarce resource or discovers methods to make the supply of existing resources more effective. 5. Reorganise an existing enterprise, whether private or public, by innovative management.
The history of capitalism (or free enterprise system), can be attributed to the activities of entrepreneurs. Capitalism is thus the product of entrepreneurial action, & the entrepreneur is not the product of capitalism as is often claimed. It appears that the lesser the interference of the state in regulating the free enterprise system, the greater the possibility of achieving an entrepreneurial culture in a country.
Roles of Government: Remove legal obstacles to starting and running enterprises. Implement support structures for potential entrepreneurs with regard to training, consultation and financing. Encourage entrepreneurial awareness through education and the media. Curb government expenditure. Introduce favourable tax incentives for small businesses.
Considering the: level of unemployment, shortage of housing, uneven distribution of wealth & income, low level of education & high population growth rate in SA, it appears only a miracle can solve these formidable problems.
Entrepreneurs: Identify need of unemployment & housing. Seek solutions to these problems. Realise that the solution of one problem (housing) can solve unemployment problem. To build a house: Need to combine land, labour & capital. Labour includes – skilled, semi-skilled & unskilled workers. Done economically efficient & profitable manner. Involves planning, organising, leading & controlling (POLC).