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1.Discuss the entrepreneur’s leadership role. 2.Explain the small business management process and its unique features. 3.Identify the managerial tasks.

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Presentation on theme: "1.Discuss the entrepreneur’s leadership role. 2.Explain the small business management process and its unique features. 3.Identify the managerial tasks."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1.Discuss the entrepreneur’s leadership role. 2.Explain the small business management process and its unique features. 3.Identify the managerial tasks of entrepreneurs. 4.Describe the problem of time pressure and suggest solutions. 5.Explain the various types of outside management assistance. 19–2 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

3 Small Business Leadership What is Leadership?What is Leadership?  Involves pointing the way: creating and communicating the entrepreneur’s vision of the firm.  Varies in a business as it grows larger and more mature. Leadership Qualities of FoundersLeadership Qualities of Founders  A tolerance for ambiguity  A capacity for adaptation 19–3 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

4 Small Business Leadership (cont’d) What Makes a Leader Effective?What Makes a Leader Effective?  One who is focused intently on attaining the firm’s business goals.  One who creates a significant personal relationship with employees based on loyalty and respect.  One who directly influences employees’ understanding of how the firm operates (e.g., its ethics).  One who makes the firm attractive to new employees. 19–4 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

5 Small Business Leadership (cont’d) Leadership StylesLeadership Styles  Visionary leaders mobilize people toward a vision.  Coaching leaders develop people, establishing a relationship and trust.  Affiliative leaders create emotional bonds.  Democratic leaders build consensus through participation.  Pacesetting leaders set high standards and expect excellence.  Commanding leaders demand immediate compliance. 19–5 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

6 Small Business Leadership (cont’d) Leaders Shape the Culture of the OrganizationLeaders Shape the Culture of the Organization  Empowerment  Giving employees authority to make decisions and take actions on their own  Self-Managed Work teams  Groups of employees with the freedom to function without close supervision  Working environment  Workers are affected by their surroundings  Good Hiring  Employees who fit the personality of the firm 19–6 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

7 The Small Firm Management Process © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. 19–7 Professional-Level Management Managerial Weakness Issues in the Management of Small Firms Resource Constraints Firm Growth and Managerial Practices Founders as Managers

8 19–8 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. Organizational Stages of Small Business Growth 19.1

9 Stages in Firm Growth and Management © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. 19–9 Growth StageEntrepreneur’s Workload Stage 1. One-Person OperationDoing all of the work. Making contact with customers. Stage 2. Player-CoachContinuing to do some of the basic work, although learning to hire and supervise. Stage 3. Intermediate SupervisionRising above hands-on management; working through intermediate managers. Stage 4. Formal OrganizationUsing plans and budgets; following policies and procedures.

10 Managing Versus Doing © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. 19–10 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

11 Managerial Responsibilities of Entrepreneurs © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. 19–11 Creating an Organizational Structure Controlling Operations Planning Activities Leading and Delegating Entrepreneurial Management

12 Planning Activities The Benefits of Formal PlanningThe Benefits of Formal Planning  Improved productivity  Better focus on goal attainment  Increased credibility with stakeholders Planning TimePlanning Time  “Tyranny of the urgent”  Planning requires discipline  Planning should not be postponed Employee ParticipationEmployee Participation  Employees are an excellent planning resource 19–12 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

13 Planning Activities: Types of Plans © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. 19–13 Type of PlanPurpose Long-range plan (strategic plan) A firm’s overall plan for the future Short-range planA plan that governs a firm’s operations for one year or less BudgetA document that expresses future plans in monetary terms Business policiesBasic statements that provide guidance for managerial decision making ProceduresSpecific work methods to be followed in business activities Standard operating procedures An established method of conducting a business activity

14 Creating an Organizational Structure The Unplanned StructureThe Unplanned Structure  Structure evolves as the firm evolves.  Growth creates the need for structural change. Chain of CommandChain of Command  The official, vertical channel of communication in an organization  A channel for two-way communication Span of ControlSpan of Control  The number of subordinates supervised by one manager 19–14 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

15 Creating Structure (cont’d) Line OrganizationLine Organization  A simple organization in which each person reports to one supervisor Line and Staff OrganizationLine and Staff Organization  An organizational structure that includes staff specialists who assist management  Line activities  Activities contributing directly to the primary objectives of the firm  Staff activities  Activities that support line activities 19–15 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

16 19–16 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. Line-and-Staff Organization 19.2

17 Factors Determining Optimum Span of Control © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. 19–17 Many Subordinates Simple work Very experienced workers Superior with much ability Few Subordinates Complex work Inexperienced workers Superior with limited ability More Subordinates Moderately difficult work Moderately experienced workers Superior with moderate ability

18 Creating Structure (cont’d) Understanding Informal GroupsUnderstanding Informal Groups  Have something in common.  Have an informal leadership hierarchy.  Are beneficial if group goals are aligned with organizational goals. 19–18 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

19 Delegating Authority Delegation of AuthorityDelegation of Authority  Granting to a subordinate the right to act or make decisions Benefits of DelegationBenefits of Delegation  Frees up superior to perform more important tasks  Develops subordinate’s skills  Improves two-way communications 19–19 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

20 Controlling Operations © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. 19–20 Measuring Performance Establishing standards Planning and Goal Setting Taking Corrective Action

21 19–21 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. Stages of the Control Process 19.3

22 CommunicatingCommunicating Stimulating Two-Way CommunicationStimulating Two-Way Communication  Periodic performance review sessions for feedback.  Bulletin boards to keep employees informed.  Blogs, microblogs and wikis for internal communication  Suggestion boxes to solicit employees’ ideas.  Staff meetings to discuss issues and problems.  Informal meetings with employees to socialize and talk. 19–22 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

23 NegotiatingNegotiating NegotiationNegotiation  Two-way communication used to resolve differences in needs, goals, or ideas.  Win-lose negotiations  One party must win and the other party must lose.  Win-win negotiations  Both parties find a solution that satisfies both parties’ basic interests.  End result of negotiations promotes long-term continuing relationships. 19–23 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

24 19–24 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. Presentation Tips 1.Do your homework. 2.Know your material. 3.Be interactive. 4.Make vivid mental connections in the minds of listeners. 5.Emphasize relevance. 6.Be dynamic, but be yourself. 7.Use PowerPoint with care. 8.Dress appropriately. 9.Avoid food and drink that make speaking difficult for you. 10.Practice, practice, practice. 1.Do your homework. 2.Know your material. 3.Be interactive. 4.Make vivid mental connections in the minds of listeners. 5.Emphasize relevance. 6.Be dynamic, but be yourself. 7.Use PowerPoint with care. 8.Dress appropriately. 9.Avoid food and drink that make speaking difficult for you. 10.Practice, practice, practice. 19.4

25 Personal Time Management The Problem of Time PressureThe Problem of Time Pressure  Many owner-managers work hours per week.  Effect of overwork is inefficient work performance. Time Savers for Busy ManagersTime Savers for Busy Managers  Effective use of time (time management)  Analyze how time is normally spent  Eliminate practices that waste time  Carefully plan available time  Use a daily planner to prioritize activities  Don’t avoid unpleasant or difficult tasks  Limit conference and meeting times 19–25 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

26 Prioritizing Time and Attention Pay attention to critical activities (urgent and important).Pay attention to critical activities (urgent and important). Deal with important concerns (not urgent, but important).Deal with important concerns (not urgent, but important). Avoid interruptions (urgent, but not important) that can keep you from completing important work.Avoid interruptions (urgent, but not important) that can keep you from completing important work. Avoid distractions (not urgent and not important) as much as possible.Avoid distractions (not urgent and not important) as much as possible. 19–26 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

27 Outside Management Assistance The Need for Outside AssistanceThe Need for Outside Assistance  To supplement entrepreneur’s personal knowledge and experience.  To provide opportunities to share ideas with peers.  To reduce feelings of loneliness and working in isolation.  To have access to outsiders’ detached, objective viewpoints, insights and ideas.  To gain fresh knowledge of methods, approaches, and solutions beyond the experience of the entrepreneur. 19–27 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

28 Sources of Management Assistance © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use. 19–28 Business Incubators Student Consulting Teams Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE) Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs) Management Consultants Entrepreneurial Networks Other Business and Professional Services Source of Outside Management Assistance

29 Key Terms budget chain of command delegation of authority empowerment line organization line-and-staff organization long-range plan (strategic plan) negotiation networking professional manager self-managed work teams Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE) short-range plan small business development centers (SBDCs) span of control 19–29 © 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.


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