Presentation on theme: "The main founder of Judaism is Abraham. He was a citizen of the ancient city sate of Harran, and was told by god the practices of Judaism. He was told."— Presentation transcript:
The main founder of Judaism is Abraham. He was a citizen of the ancient city sate of Harran, and was told by god the practices of Judaism. He was told to move to Canaan (Modern day Israel) with the Hebrews to spread the religious beliefs. -Occurred during the Bronze Age
Judaism originated from Abraham, and expanded through Mesopotamia. Later the Hebrews will flourish in Harran and expand Judaism beliefs to vast areas. Early Judaism is told in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). God controlled the power of humans, and told them the guidelines of life. It is for this belief, that Judaism became a structured religion.
The star of David, probably the most common symbol of Judaism, but the least known about it. People are not completely sure of what the star represents. The most common belief is it represents the star on King David’s shield. Yarmulke, is worn on the heads of Jewish people. Menorah, is another major symbol that is mostly found around Chanukah. It represents the major Jewish holiday. Chai, Represents the Jewish word of living and reflects the importance of life. At most dinners Chai is toasted to. Chai is found on Jewish jewelry and clothing. Hamesh Hand, is found on jewelry as well, and meaning is unknown. It is believed to be the protection form the evil eye.
Abraham- The founder of Judaism and was told by god himself the beliefs of Judaism. David- The fisrt king of Judasim around 1000 B.C.E. He is most famous for fighting Goliath. God sent Samuel to find a new leader, which was David. Moses-Maimonides- Lived in the Golden Age when Spain was under control by Muslim rule. He was Judaism's greatest philosopher, because of his influence on the religion. He wrote “The Guide for The Perplexed” which spoke of Jewish law. Moses- He lead the escape from Egyptian rule. As told in the bible he parted the Red Sea and received the 10 Commandments from God. Jewish people still celebrate this day as Passover.
Location Of Origin- First came about in Canaan, but then moved into Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Middle East. Major Locations Today- The major locations of Judaism are found in the U.S, Europe, and Israel. Number of Followers- There are about 14 million followers in Judaism today, making it one of the most popular religions.
Work Cited www.religionfacts.com?judaism/fast facts.htm www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judiasm www.religionfacts.com/judasim/history.htm www.jewfaq.com
Spread of Judaism Diaspora –Jewish people scattered from Israel –Took beliefs with them –Converted some to Judaism –Majority of followers come from hereditary tradition Migration s Expulsion s
The Torah Given to Moses in written form with oral commentary Torah (The Law)Nevi’im (The Prophets)Kethuvim (The Writings) Bereishith (Genesis)Yehoshua (Joshua)Tehillim (Psalms) Shemoth (Exodus)Shoftim (Judges)Mishlei (Proverbs) Vayiqra (Leviticus)Shmuel (I & II Samuel)Iyov (Job) Bamidbar (Numbers)Melakhim (I & II Kings)Shir Ha-Shirim (Song of Songs) Devarim (Deuteronomy)Yeshayah (Isaiah)Ruth Yirmyah (Jeremiah)Eikhah (Lamentations) Yechezqel (Ezekiel)Qoheleth (Ecclesiastes) The Twelve (Hosea through Malachi) Esther Daniel Ezra and Nechemyah (Nehemiah) Divrei Ha-Yamim (Chronicles)
Other Writings Talmud –Oral portion of the Torah Midrashim –Stories expounding on existing Torah stories Responsa –Answers to specific questions about Jewish law Kabbalah –Mystical traditions
Places of Worship Synagogue – House of Prayer –Independent community organization –Many symbolic structures and objects The Temple –Only place where sacrifices and other rituals were performed –Destroyed by Romans in 70 CE –Site currently occupied by Muslim mosque
Roles of Men and Women Men More religious responsibilities/obligation s Patriarchs are traditional leaders of family Traditionally are religious leaders –i.e. Rabbis Provide for their families Women Held in position of respect –Separate but equal Exempt from some commandments –Role of mother is more important Usually discouraged from pursuing higher religious/secular education
Holy Places The Promised Land –Sinai Peninsula and general area of Israel –Given to them by God for their faithfulness –Scattered by various conquerors, esp. Romans Jerusalem –The Holy City of Judaism –After conquering it, it became the capitol of their kingdom –Location of Solomon’s Temple Egypt Israel and surrounding Areas Rest of Middle East
Holidays HolidayReason PassoverCommemorates liberation of the children of Israel from the Egyptians Rosh HashanahNew Year festival; commemorates the Creation Yom KippurDay of Atonement; most sacred day SukkotCommemorates years spent in the wilderness after escaping from Egypt HanukkahFestival of Lights; commemorates miracle of oil in the 2 nd Temple Tisha B’avCommemorates tragedies Tu B’Shevat‘New Year for Trees’; one of four ‘New Years’ Yom HashoahDay of remembrance of the Holocaust
Creation God created the world in 7 days –Day 1: Creation of light –Day 2: Heavens and the Earth –Day 3: Trees and plants –Day 4: Stars, Moon, and Sun –Day 5: Animals in the air and water –Day 6: Animals on the land –Day 7: Mankind (Adam and Eve)
End Times Olam Ha-Ba (The Messianic Age) –A peaceful coexistence of all mankind –Great prosperity –Return of all Jews to Israel –Temple rebuilt in Jerusalem –Ushered in by the coming of the Mashiach (Messiah)
Commandments The 10 Commandments –God is the only God –Do not worship idols –Do not take the Lord’s name in vain –Remember the Sabbath day –Honor your parents –Do not kill –Do not commit adultery –Do not steal –Do not lie –Do not covet Other Commandments –Halakhah (Jewish Law) –Mitzvot D’Oraita (Torah) 613 unchangeable mitzvot –248 ‘positive’ –365 ‘negative’ –Mitzvot D’Rabbanan (Rabbis) Gezeirah (Add to Torah) Takkanah (Public Welfare) Minhag (Customs)
Purpose of Life Fulfill commandments –Rule over the world –Become closer to God Attain fulfillment of intellect Be a ‘dwelling place’ for God Fulfill your specific purpose (individual)
Influence on Art, Architecture, et cetera Decorations on places of worship –Temple in Jerusalem to Catholic cathedrals Symbolic representation of God in artwork Religious themes in literature –Creation & Fall of Man (Paradise Lost) Other religious development –Christianity stemmed from Judaism
Works Cited American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Jewish Virtual Library. 2012. Web. 14 October 2012. Barrow, Mandy. "Jewish Festivals." 2012. Woodlands Junior School. Web. 14 October 2012. Dubov, Nissan Dovid. "What is Life's Purpose?" n.d. Chabad.org. Web. 14 October 2012. Moses, et al. The Old Testament. n.d. Document. Rich, Tracey R. Judaism 101. 2012. Web. 14 October 2012.
Photos Spread of Judaism –http://www.lds.org/ensign/1982/01/judah-through-the-centuries The Torah –http://frted.wordpress.com/2011/01/04/reading-scripture-the-old-testament-the-torah-and-prophecy/ Other Writings –http://ngabo.org/prophetic/seasons/universe/kabbalah_explanation.htm Places of Worship –http://members.virtualtourist.com/m/p/m/1eeca8/[synagogue] –http://desertfathersincense.com/history.html[Temple model] Roles of Men and Women –http://wunrn.com/news/2008/10_08/10_27_08/102708_israel.htm[women] –http://www.sodahead.com/living/is-it-unethical-to-join-j-date-if-you-arent-jewish/question-239026/ [man] Holy Places –http://www.judaism.com/display.asp?etn=GIJAG Holidays –http://enjoyfestivals.com/why-jews-blow-shofar-sound-of-shofar-tekiah-shevarim-teruah-gedolah/1517/ [shofar] –http://www.justsymbol.com/menorah-3.html[menorah] Creation –http://www.prlog.org/11409306-the-creation-of-adam.html [God and Adam] –http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sheep_in_field_with_other_livestock.jpg[sheep] Influence –http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/gustave-dore/paradise-lost-4[Paradise Lost]