Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Maus SWBAT define and understand how to read a graphic novel. SWBAT define visual metaphor and understand its relation to Maus."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction to Maus SWBAT define and understand how to read a graphic novel. SWBAT define visual metaphor and understand its relation to Maus.
Graphic Novel Graphic Novel- A novel with images similar to a comic book. Graphic novels are ______________________ than an ordinary comic book and tend to deal with more ___________________________.
Maus I—My Father Bleeds History Overview Title: Maus I—My Father Bleeds History Author: Art Spiegelman Published: 1973 through 1991 Category: Nonfiction Graphic Novel Memoir Biography Historical
Maus I My Father Bleeds History Art Spiegelman Born in 1948 in Stockholm, Sweden, Art Spiegelman is a naturalized U.S. citizen. While growing up, Spiegelman lived with his parents in Rego Park in the Queens section of New York City. From 1966 to 1989 he worked for Topps Chewing Gum, Inc. illustrating trading cards and stickers including the Garbage Pail Kids series. He has written many comix (underground comics), worked as a New Yorker staff artist and writer, and been a lecturer and teacher at various times in his career. His work has been the subject of special museum and gallery exhibits both in the U.S. and abroad. Maus earned him a special Pulitzer Prize.
Maus I—My Father Bleeds History Summary Maus is a story within a story: Art Spiegelman, the son of two survivors of the Holocaust, tells how he interviewed his father Vladek about his Holocaust experience, and it tells the story of the father's persecution and survival. It is written in a comic book format, with various types of animals representing the various nationalities and religions (however, Jews are mice, no matter what nationality they are).
Primary Source Significance? One individualized account pre-war Jewish life; the layout and workings of Auschwitz (the worst concentration camp); the euphemistic language particular to Auschwitz; survival and resistance; liberation and the aftermath of war.
Answer in complete sentences What do you predict we might be able to gain from an eye-witness or first hand account that we could not from a second hand source, such as a textbook?
Characters Art(ie Spiegelman): Author/Narrator & son of Vladek Spiegelman Vladek Spiegelman: Father of Art & Survivor of the Holocaust Anja Spiegelman: 1 st wife of Vladek Spiegelman, mother of Art and Richieu. Mala Spiegelman: 2 nd wife of Vladek Spiegelman, survivor of the Holocaust. Francoise Mouly: Wife of Art. Although she is French. Art also draws her as a mouse because she converted to Judaism.
Visual Metaphor Any visual symbol or picture that is used to represent something else. Visual Metaphors are often used in political cartoons.
Some Poles have found the pig metaphor to be offensive. Spiegelman relates a conversation he had with a member of the Polish press:
Criticism "[A Polish press attaché] said, 'Do you realize that it is a terrible insult to call a Pole a pig? It's worse than it even sounds in English. Do you realize that the Germans called us schwein [pigs]?'
Art’s Response So I said, 'Yeah, and the Germans called us vermin. These aren't my metaphors. These are Hitler's.' And that gave us common ground. I pointed out that, in the book, there are Jews who act admirably-but there are many Jews in the book who don't. These are just people wearing masks. And the same is true of the Poles. There are some Poles who saved my parents' lives and who were very kind, and there were some who were swine."
Maus I—My Father Bleeds History General Characters Maus I The Jews are represented by mice.Jewsmice The Germans are represented by cats.Germanscats The Americans are represented by dogs.Americansdogs The Poles are represented by pigs.Polespigs Maus II The Roma (Gypsies) are represented as gypsy moths.Romagypsy moths The British are represented by fish.Britishfish The child of a Jew and a German is shown as a mouse with cat stripes.
List characteristics of a…
Look at the pictures Why do you think Spiegelman used animals for symbols rather than drawing humans?
"The Jews are undoubtedly a race, but they are not human.” –Hitler Visual Metaphors in Maus: The depiction of characters This quote is written on the copyright page of Maus, why do you think the author placed it there? ___________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________
Before Reading Pretend you are 10 years old and your friends run off and leave you behind. How would you feel? How would you expect a loving mother or father to respond to the situation once you told them the story of what happened to you?
How to read a graphic novel Left right Words (boxes, then dialogue bubbles) picture
After Reading Answer the questions as we discuss them as a class.
Closing What is the difference between a graphic novel and a comic? What is visual metaphor?