Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Maus SWBAT define and understand how to read a graphic novel. SWBAT define visual metaphor and understand its relation to Maus."— Presentation transcript:
1Introduction to MausSWBAT define and understand how to read a graphic novel.SWBAT define visual metaphor and understand its relation to Maus.
2longer serious issues Graphic Novel Graphic Novel- A novel with images similar to a comic book. Graphic novels are ______________________ than an ordinary comic book and tend to deal with more___________________________.longerserious issues
3Maus I—My Father Bleeds History Overview Title: Maus I—My Father Bleeds HistoryAuthor: Art SpiegelmanPublished: 1973 through 1991Category: NonfictionGraphic NovelMemoirBiographyHistorical
4Maus I My Father Bleeds History Art Spiegelman Born in 1948 in Stockholm, Sweden, Art Spiegelman is a naturalized U.S. citizen. While growing up, Spiegelman lived with his parents in Rego Park in the Queens section of New York City. From 1966 to 1989 he worked for Topps Chewing Gum, Inc. illustrating trading cards and stickers including the Garbage Pail Kids series. He has written many comix (underground comics), worked as a New Yorker staff artist and writer, and been a lecturer and teacher at various times in his career. His work has been the subject of special museum and gallery exhibits both in the U.S. and abroad. Maus earned him a special Pulitzer Prize.
5Maus I—My Father Bleeds History Summary Maus is a story within a story: Art Spiegelman, the son of two survivors of the Holocaust, tells how he interviewed his father Vladek about his Holocaust experience, and it tells the story of the father's persecution and survival. It is written in a comic book format, with various types of animals representing the various nationalities and religions (however, Jews are mice, no matter what nationality they are).
6Primary Source Significance? One individualized accountpre-war Jewish life; the layout and workings of Auschwitz (the worst concentration camp); the euphemistic language particular to Auschwitz; survival and resistance; liberation and the aftermath of war.
7Answer in complete sentences What do you predict we might be able to gain from an eye-witness or first hand account that we could not from a second hand source, such as a textbook?
8Characters Francoise Mouly: Art(ie Spiegelman): Author/Narrator & son of Vladek SpiegelmanVladek Spiegelman:Father of Art & Survivor of the HolocaustAnja Spiegelman:1st wife of Vladek Spiegelman, mother of Art and Richieu.Mala Spiegelman:2nd wife of Vladek Spiegelman, survivor of the Holocaust.Francoise Mouly:Wife of Art. Although she is French. Art also draws her as a mouse because she converted to Judaism.
9Visual MetaphorAny visual symbol or picture that is used to represent something else. Visual Metaphors are often used in political cartoons.
10Some Poles have found the pig metaphor to be offensive Some Poles have found the pig metaphor to be offensive. Spiegelman relates a conversation he had with a member of the Polish press:
11Criticism"[A Polish press attaché] said, 'Do you realize that it is a terrible insult to call a Pole a pig? It's worse than it even sounds in English. Do you realize that the Germans called us schwein [pigs]?'
12Art’s ResponseSo I said, 'Yeah, and the Germans called us vermin. These aren't my metaphors. These are Hitler's.' And that gave us common ground. I pointed out that, in the book, there are Jews who act admirably-but there are many Jews in the book who don't. These are just people wearing masks. And the same is true of the Poles. There are some Poles who saved my parents' lives and who were very kind, and there were some who were swine."
13Maus I—My Father Bleeds History General Characters The Jews are represented by mice.The Germans are represented by cats.The Americans are represented by dogs.The Poles are represented by pigs.Maus IIThe Roma (Gypsies) are represented as gypsy moths.The British are represented by fish.The child of a Jew and a German is shown as a mouse with cat stripes.
15List characteristics of a… Hitler called them ‘vermin’.They hidThey saved their food.Small and insignificant.
16List characteristics of a… Hitler called them ‘pigs’.followersLazy, indifferentbrutal, strong
17List characteristics of a… Cats kill and hunt down mice
18List characteristics of a… Loyal / rescuersDogs chase cats
19Look at the picturesWhy do you think Spiegelman used animals for symbols rather than drawing humans?
20"The Jews are undoubtedly a race, but they are not human.” –Hitler Visual Metaphors in Maus: The depiction of charactersThis quote is written on the copyright page of Maus, why do you think the author placed it there?_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
21Before ReadingPretend you are 10 years old and your friends run off and leave you behind. How would you feel?How would you expect a loving mother or father to respond to the situation once you told them the story of what happened to you?
22How to read a graphic novel Left rightWords (boxes, then dialogue bubbles)picture
23After ReadingAnswer the questions as we discuss them as a class.
24Closing What is the difference between a graphic novel and a comic? What is visual metaphor?