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The Trojan War Cycle, Homer, & the Iliad Primaticcio.

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Presentation on theme: "The Trojan War Cycle, Homer, & the Iliad Primaticcio."— Presentation transcript:

1 the Trojan War Cycle, Homer, & the Iliad Primaticcio

2 The Homeric Question Person, generation(s), editor? Oral composition Fossil words/phrases Iliad vs. Odyssey? Blind like Demodocus, the bard of the Phaeacians?

3 Homer’s “Home” Ionic dialect Chios Smyrna Phrygian topography Homeridae

4 Homer as God Homer’s words as Magic Spells Influence –Vergil –Dante –Milton Ingres

5 Sing, Goddess,… Calliope? Muses, daughters of Mnemosyne Iliad-16,000 lines 8 Epics in Cycle Voyage to Troy Attacks on Trojan Allies Anger of Achilles –Iliad Coming of Amazons Death of Achilles Voyages Home –Odyssey

6 Modest Poet Tell me now, you Muses who have your homes on Olympos. For you, who are goddesses, are there, and you know all things, and we have heard only the rumor of it and know nothing. Who then were the chief men and the lords of the Danaans? I could not tell over the multitude of them nor name them, not if I had ten tongues and ten mouths, not if I had a voice never to be broken and a heart of bronze within me, not unless the Muses of Olympia, daughters of Zeus of the aegis, remembered all those who came beneath Ilion. I will tell the lords of the ships, and the ships’ numbers.

7 Wedding of Peleus & Thetis Thetis & Mortal Eris - Strife Golden Apple

8 Another Dangerous Son Priam, Hecuba, (& Concubines) 50 sons Hecuba’s Dream of Firebrand Exposure, Bear? Adoption, Recognition Alexandros –The Protected –The Protector

9 Judgment of Paris Hera, Athena, Aphrodite Bribe offers: –Power –Wisdom –Beauty

10 Swanning Around with Leda Tyndareus & Leda & Zeus Castor, Klytemnestra Polydeuces, Helen

11 Helen Suitors’ Pledge to Support Successful One among Them

12 Assembling the Armies

13 Inconclusive War

14 Chryse, Chryses, Chryseis Apollo & Artemis Plague Achilles Confronts Agamemnon

15 Agamemnon’s Compensation Briseis

16 The Wrath of Achilles Sing, goddess, the anger of Peleus' son Achilleus and its devastation, which put pains thousandfold upon the Achaians, hurled in their multitudes to the House of Hades strong souls of heroes, but gave their bodies to be the delicate feasting of dogs, of all birds, and the will of Zeus was accomplished since that time when first there stood in division of conflict Atreus' son the lord of men and brilliant Achilleus.

17 Family Meals I Agamemnon’s Culinary Ancestry Tantalus Pelops Demeter

18 House of Atreus Atreidae

19 Family Meals II Thyestes & Aerope Atreus’ revenge

20 Thyestes’ Revenge

21 Agamemnon’s Family Values Agamemnon. Klytaimestra, Iphigeneia

22 Orestes’ Family Values Father over Mother

23 Orestes Triumphant

24 Clytemnestra’s Revenge Erinyes Furies Avenging family blood Bouguereau

25 Ending the Cycle Murder Trial @ Athens Purification @ Delphi Apollo Athena Erinyes to Eumenides

26 Achilles

27 Achilles as Draft-Dodger?

28 Achilles’ Choice

29 Achilles vs. Agamemnon: areté vs. timé areté: honor based on excellence - excellence, prowess, success timé: honor based on possessions and power

30 Gift Exchange, Potlatch Briseis, slaves, valuables, daughter, 7 citadels Agamemnon: "And let him yield place to me, inasmuch as I am the kinglier / and inasmuch as I can call myself the elder born."

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